# Math Developing Your Six-Year-Old's Problem-Solving Skills

To solve basic math operations — and more complicated ones down the road — kids need problem-solving skills and number sense. Number sense is the ability to understand what numbers mean, how they relate to one another and how they can be used in real-world situations. Because six-year-olds can count to higher numbers, they can also be challenged to work on higher number operations. School-aged children focus on addition and subtraction at first, and then eventually reach multiplication (in the form of skip counting) and division (in the form of equal shares).

## Encourage your child's problem-solving skills:

### How Sharing Teaches Division

At this age, children can start to do basic division. Give your child 12 small crackers (or another snack) and have him share the pile equally between two people — and then three people. He may come up with his own method of distributing the food, so watch to see what he does. Ask him to explain his thought process.

#### Make and Measure a Blob

Measuring can be fun when it includes a gooey blob! Together with your child, follow a recipe to make the blob and then divide the blob into equal parts to play a seek and find game.

### Create Subtraction Stories

At this age, your child is starting to learn the symbols for subtraction, addition and equal. Create stories about subtraction with your child. You might want to model the concept first, with a story like this: "Once there were five apples who lived together on a tree branch. Then two fell down, and only three were left!" Have fun drawing a picture of the story and then adding the number sentence at the bottom — in this case, 5 - 2 = 3.

#### Wild Kratts Creature Math

Creature Math helps children learn valuable ecology and science concepts while practicing addition and subtraction as they create their very own animal habitat, filled with cool creature pals!

Playing with dominos is a great way to have your child practice subitizing and adding at the same time! Subitizing is the ability to look at a group of objects and instantly know how many there are. Have your child pick a domino and then ask for the sum of the two sides — in other words, ask her to add the two sides together. If one side has three dots and one side has five, she would say, 3 + 5 = 8." Then flip the domino around, creating the number sentence 5 + 3, instead. It still equals 8! Before long, your child will discover the commutative property of addition — that no matter what order the two numbers are in, they still add up to the same total.

#### Down The Tubes

The Odd Squad needs help fixing their transportation tubes. Your child can practice math concepts including measurement, addition and spatial reasoning skills while helping the Odd Squad make the needed repairs.