Two-year-olds explore all the ways to travel from here to there, including rolling, crawling, creeping, walking, running, jumping and climbing. They can also kick a small ball forward, catch a rolled ball and throw a ball overhand (but with little accuracy). Two-year-olds love finger play activities (e.g., "The Itsy, Bitsy, Spider"), pounding and squeezing clay, shaking rhythm instruments, and scribbling. They can turn doorknobs and unscrew lids, and have improved their skills using eating utensils.
Rolls, crawls, creeps, walks, jumps, runs, and climbs. Can crawl through tunnels, go over and under low obstacles, and move swiftly up and down ramps. Climbs low steps, pushes boxes and pulls toys.
Loves to move on hands and knees pretending to be animals (e.g., barking like a dog, pouncing like a cat on a mouse).
Falls frequently when running. Begins to understand leading with one foot in order to gallop.
When climbing, may get stuck and need help getting down.
Can get into a chair independently.
While holding a hand rail, walks up and down stairs with one foot on each step. Can jump off of one step, but may lose balance when landing.
Needs opportunities for active, large-muscle play both indoors and out.
May want to hold hands with an adult when walking on a low beam or stepping over the rungs of a ladder. Likes to climb and balance on higher objects like tabletops and chairs, which may not always be safe.
Bends over easily without falling.
Picks up toys from a standing position.
Stands on one foot with assistance. Stands and walks on tiptoes.
Rides a tricycle using pedals some of the time.
Kicks a small ball forward.
Likes to toss or drop a ball or beanbag into a bin. Can throw a ball overhand, but with little accuracy; flings a ball in any direction.
Catches a rolled ball by trapping it with arms and hands and body. Attempts to catch a thrown ball by extending arms directly in front of body; may or may not be able to catch the ball.
Explores various ways to move body (e.g., climbing, dancing, rolling). Typically knows a number of body parts.
Loves finger play activities (e.g., "The Itsy, Bitsy, Spider"), including those where children identify and touch different parts of the body (e.g., "Head, Shoulders, Knees, and Toes").
Enjoys shaking and manipulating rhythm instruments.
Increasingly participates in dressing and undressing (e.g., removes pants with elastic waistband, takes off shoes).
Scribbles with marker or crayon. Can make vertical, horizontal, and circular strokes with pen or crayon.
Threads big beads.
Refines use of eating utensils.
Can turn rotating handles (e.g., doorknobs) and screw and unscrew lids.
Turns pages one by one.
Rolls, pounds, squeezes and pulls clay.
Is able to help dress and undress self. Puts on simple
Uses tissue to wipe nose with help.
Is typically mature enough to toilet train.
Improves ability to calm oneself.
Washes and dries hands without help.
Pays attention to safety instructions. May not always obey.