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The Benefits of Music Education

A boy getting a piano lessonWhether your child is the next Beyonce or more likely to sing her solos in the shower, she is bound to benefit from some form of music education. Research shows that learning the do-re-mis can help children excel in ways beyond the basic ABCs.

More Than Just Music
Research has found that learning music facilitates learning other subjects and enhances skills that children inevitably use in other areas. “A music-rich experience for children of singing, listening and moving is really bringing a very serious benefit to children as they progress into more formal learning,” says Mary Luehrisen, executive director of the National Association of Music Merchants (NAMM) Foundation, a not-for-profit association that promotes the benefits of making music.

Making music involves more than the voice or fingers playing an instrument; a child learning about music has to tap into multiple skill sets, often simultaneously. For instance, people use their ears and eyes, as well as large and small muscles, says Kenneth Guilmartin, cofounder of Music Together, an early childhood music development program for infants through kindergarteners that involves parents or caregivers in the classes.

“Music learning supports all learning. Not that Mozart makes you smarter, but it’s a very integrating, stimulating pastime or activity,” Guilmartin says.

Language Development
“When you look at children ages two to nine, one of the breakthroughs in that area is music’s benefit for language development, which is so important at that stage,” says Luehrisen. While children come into the world ready to decode sounds and words, music education helps enhance those natural abilities. “Growing up in a musically rich environment is often advantageous for children’s language development,” she says. But Luehrisen adds that those inborn capacities need to be “reinforced, practiced, celebrated,” which can be done at home or in a more formal music education setting.

According to the Children’s Music Workshop, the effect of music education on language development can be seen in the brain. “Recent studies have clearly indicated that musical training physically develops the part of the left side of the brain known to be involved with processing language, and can actually wire the brain’s circuits in specific ways. Linking familiar songs to new information can also help imprint information on young minds,” the group claims.

This relationship between music and language development is also socially advantageous to young children. “The development of language over time tends to enhance parts of the brain that help process music,” says Dr. Kyle Pruett, clinical professor of child psychiatry at Yale School of Medicine and a practicing musician. “Language competence is at the root of social competence. Musical experience strengthens the capacity to be verbally competent.”

Increased IQ
A study by E. Glenn Schellenberg at the University of Toronto at Mississauga, as published in a 2004 issue of Psychological Science, found a small increase in the IQs of six-year-olds who were given weekly voice and piano lessons. Schellenberg provided nine months of piano and voice lessons to a dozen six-year-olds, drama lessons (to see if exposure to arts in general versus just music had an effect) to a second group of six-year-olds, and no lessons to a third group. The children’s IQs were tested before entering the first grade, then again before entering the second grade.

Surprisingly, the children who were given music lessons over the school year tested on average three IQ points higher than the other groups. The drama group didn’t have the same increase in IQ, but did experience increased social behavior benefits not seen in the music-only group.

The Brain Works Harder
Research indicates the brain of a musician, even a young one, works differently than that of a nonmusician. “There’s some good neuroscience research that children involved in music have larger growth of neural activity than people not in music training. When you’re a musician and you’re playing an instrument, you have to be using more of your brain,” says Dr. Eric Rasmussen, chair of the Early Childhood Music Department at the Peabody Preparatory of The Johns Hopkins University, where he teaches a specialized music curriculum for children aged two months to nine years.

In fact, a study led by Ellen Winner, professor of psychology at Boston College, and Gottfried Schlaug, professor of neurology at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, found changes in the brain images of children who underwent 15 months of weekly music instruction and practice. The students in the study who received music instruction had improved sound discrimination and fine motor tasks, and brain imaging showed changes to the networks in the brain associated with those abilities, according to the Dana Foundation, a private philanthropic organization that supports brain research.

Spatial-Temporal Skills
Research has also found a causal link between music and spatial intelligence, which means that understanding music can help children visualize various elements that should go together, like they would do when solving a math problem.

“We have some pretty good data that music instruction does reliably improve spatial-temporal skills in children over time,” explains Pruett, who helped found the Performing Arts Medicine Association. These skills come into play in solving multistep problems one would encounter in architecture, engineering, math, art, gaming, and especially working with computers.

Improved Test Scores
A study published in 2007 by Christopher Johnson, professor of music education and music therapy at the University of Kansas, revealed that students in elementary schools with superior music education programs scored around 22 percent higher in English and 20 percent higher in math scores on standardized tests, compared to schools with low-quality music programs, regardless of socioeconomic disparities among the schools or school districts. Johnson compares the concentration that music training requires to the focus needed to perform well on a standardized test.

Aside from test score results, Johnson’s study highlights the positive effects that a quality music education can have on a young child’s success. Luehrisen explains this psychological phenomenon in two sentences: “Schools that have rigorous programs and high-quality music and arts teachers probably have high-quality teachers in other areas. If you have an environment where there are a lot of people doing creative, smart, great things, joyful things, even people who aren’t doing that have a tendency to go up and do better.”

And it doesn’t end there: along with better performance results on concentration-based tasks, music training can help with basic memory recall. “Formal training in music is also associated with other cognitive strengths such as verbal recall proficiency,” Pruett says. “People who have had formal musical training tend to be pretty good at remembering verbal information stored in memory.”

Being Musical
Music can improve your child’ abilities in learning and other nonmusic tasks, but it’s important to understand that music does not make one smarter. As Pruett explains, the many intrinsic benefits to music education include being disciplined, learning a skill, being part of the music world, managing performance, being part of something you can be proud of, and even struggling with a less than perfect teacher.

“It’s important not to oversell how smart music can make you,” Pruett says. “Music makes your kid interesting and happy, and smart will come later. It enriches his or her appetite for things that bring you pleasure and for the friends you meet.”
While parents may hope that enrolling their child in a music program will make her a better student, the primary reasons to provide your child with a musical education should be to help them become more musical, to appreciate all aspects of music, and to respect the process of learning an instrument or learning to sing, which is valuable on its own merit.

“There is a massive benefit from being musical that we don’t understand, but it’s individual. Music is for music’s sake,” Rasmussen says. “The benefit of music education for me is about being musical. It gives you have a better understanding of yourself. The horizons are higher when you are involved in music,” he adds. “Your understanding of art and the world, and how you can think and express yourself, are enhanced.”

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  • jewjd


  • Dandre Geddes

    hey this is so true

  • Hannah Weber

    this is a great article. very informative.

    • Zack Wheeler

      really though

  • Pingback: Benefits of music lessons for young children


    This article states “Recent Studies” and makes vague allusions to causality. I challenge the authors and web managers of this page and PBS — to Do Better! Don’t just reference vague studies. That’s not supporting your hypothesis — a skill we are supposed to demand as parents and teach our children!
    I challenge this author of this page & PBS to provide research studies that show — actual empirical evidence that music helps the brain. Not Correlational Evidence either. Causal Evidence. I.E. Not just that we played kids music -=- and they developed! Yippie! But that doesn’t show exactly what part Music played in that.
    For example — Pythagorus said “Music is math made audible”. Prove it. It’s not hard. You can show qualitatively how giving a child 4 bars of music, is in effect helping them acquire the concept of a number line and integers. Or harmonics helps children acquire integrated reasoning. ** But you have to show clearly — that music had that effect! Come on PBS! You can do better than … “Research Shows”

    • MusicMom

      Cereb Cortex. 2012 Dec 12. [Epub ahead of print]

      Twelve Months of Active Musical Training in 8- to 10-Year-Old Children Enhances the Preattentive Processing of Syllabic Duration and Voice Onset Time.

      Chobert J, François C, Velay JL, Besson M.


      Laboratoire de Neurosciences Cognitives, CNRS – Aix-Marseille Université, Marseille Cedex 3, France.


      Musical training has been shown to positively influence linguistic abilities. To follow the developmental dynamics of this transfer effect at the preattentive level, we conducted a longitudinal study over 2 school years with nonmusician children randomly assigned to music or to painting training. We recorded the mismatch negativity (MMN), a cortical correlate of preattentive mismatch detection, to syllables that differed in vowel frequency, vowel duration, and voice onset time (VOT), using a test-training-retest procedure and 3 times of testing: before training, after 6 months and after 12 months of training. While no between-group differences were found before training, enhanced preattentive processing of syllabic duration and VOT, as reflected by greater MMN amplitude, but not of frequency, was found after 12 months of training in the music group only. These results demonstrate neuroplasticity in the child brain and suggest that active musical training rather than innate predispositions for music yielded the improvements in musically trained children. These results also highlight the influence of musical training for duration perception in speech and for the development of phonological representations in normally developing children. They support the importance of music-based training programs for children’s education and open new remediation strategies for children with language-based learning impairments.

      • Kim

        It is obvious that the point if the article is not to focus solely on the scientific evidence of benefit that music education has on the brain, though that makes a good argument as well. I appreciate that this author suggests that music stands on its own two feet and is part of the human condition. Music is in our culture and our surroundings in numerous ways. When we don’t become musical beings, even to the mildest degree, we alienate ourselves from much of the cultural ritual and tradition that defines our nation’s fabric. Can you sing the national anthem? Can you sing along in church? Can you join in music-making at the holidays? Can you discriminate between quality, sophisticated, artful music and mediocre fluff that is made only to make a quick buck? Do you understand the ways in which music was/is used in cultural identification and participation? I could go on and cite hundreds of sources from the ethnomusicological and psychological standpoint but the point is that music is a part of life and should not be left out of the human experience. If and when it is, it will truly redefine us as a people who care more about numbers, data, competition, success and failure instead of beauty, community, tradition and historical identity. The arts tell a story and allow us to keep doing the same. I don’t need scientific data to prove that.

    • Dawn R Goggin

      If you need evidence just ask a teacher of ANY subject which of her students have had musical training. It is so obvious in every aspect–behavior, concentration, awareness, listening skills, memory, etc. And to Brad up there, I suppose you think sports are a more worthy area of spending? Again, ask a teacher! (Former teacher)

    • Beetzart

      So go publish something about it, guy.

    • Upendra Laxmeshwar

      Every single thing on this, cannot be proved.. Can you prove there is God ? Or there is no God ? Can you prove Love ? In the same way, the benefits of learning music need not be proved. They are there for you to see and observe…..over time.

      • Aidan.davis50

        You do know that is has been proven, right? Many studies have been done, and all have came out relatively the same.

      • yeah

        your stupider than the average human

        • LoverockDoll

          And YOU cannot spell correctly.

      • alcile

        can prove your 1st question i can’t asure on the 2nd

    • Sarah

      The science is well documented. Try a Google search and you’ll find plenty of such evidence. I like people citing their ideas too, but this one – music enabling brains to learn better – has been a truism many have known and studied. It’s up to you to know the way to research and learn. It is nice to have the road paved, but when it’s not, when it’s only pointed to, you need to be able to build it yourself.

    • Brenda

      I recommend looking into the research done by Canadian Laurel Trainor. She is collecting empirical data.

    • preebz

      There certainly are studies that are referenced. While the links are not directly in the article the sourced material exists. When one searches for the names mentioned one will find that there are academic studies that have been published with all the pertinent data.

    • AmonAmarth

      This article states what year and by whom the studies were conducted, you should be able to find them. Don’t be a nitpicking prick.

      • david

        calm down bro

    • James Fate

      This person is way to harsh^

  • Brad

    For 99% of students involved in music enrichment programs (Band, Chorus, Orchestra), creating music will be nothing more than a recreational activity. For this reason it is absurd that most public school systems spend incredible amounts of money on these programs. I agree there are individual benefits to music education and participation, however this should not come at the burden of tax payers.

    • AngryDoc

      Good thing that nobody ever wasted any school funds teaching you critical thinking.

    • Heidi Katherine

      By your reasoning we should also cut all sports programs…And all math classes above basic math. Oh, and science classes beyond basic life science. And who really needs to learn more than one language… all Foreign Language classes should be cut. Yep, absurd.

      • Priscilla

        Great point! =)

    • Malia

      Yeah, seriously Brad, I don’t recall using Trigonometry with Discrete Math and Pre-Calc, should we stop teaching that in school as well? Actually, I guess I did use Trigonometry once – recreationally – when I was painting a landscape. Here is the truth. Say we only retain 10% of what we are taught in high school. That 10% hangs out in the back of our minds and works together to hopefully give us an ounce or two of critical thinking skills and common sense. You can’t have common sense with out some sort of basic foundation of common knowledge. Music plays a part of that – arguably as much as algebra II, which as I mentioned, I have only used recreationally. People with out those essential building blocks might get by ok – but my guess is that those are going to be the kind of people in the news who thought it would be fun to try “surfing” on top of their car on the highway, or didn’t know they were pregnant until they were giving birth, or put kool-aide in the gas tank to see if it would work.

    • Sue D’Nem

      Musical skills are critical life skills that one will engage in throughout life. If one does not learn these skills in school, one can live, but it is a life diminished. Similarly one can live a life without basic reading or basic math skills, but, again, it is a life diminished.

      As a music teacher, I expect my student to be life long music makers because, throughout their lives they will have times when engaging in music is expected and/or required of them. No, I do not expect them all to go on to become professional musicians, but I expect them to sing, move rhythmically, and respond to the expressive qualities in music. These are LIFE skills. Where else do you expect children to learn life skills than at school?

      I feel sorry for you that you have not had experiences in your life that highlight the importance of music in life and in school. But just because you have been denied these experiences does not negate the importance of music. Just because you do not see the value does not make it frivolous.

    • Austin

      Brad, you really fail to realize that 99% of funding for those music programs come from fundraising alone. There’s this thing called fees that go towards helping keep program afloat. I come from a band program where the students were fully functional, in a very structured leadership system, with what they do and the band boosters were there for fund raisers, event planning and other details. Myself, holding business manager (2 years) and brass captain (3 years) I think I have an extremely clear idea of how music programs work. The other 1% of funds come from rare grant that the band program gets enough to cover 1/3 of their usual year cost. Average band program cost $50,000 a year to function. All of which comes from fundraising. If you have anymore questions please do some research and get your crap together. Thank you.

      • Don Groggin

        How can 1% cover 33%?

    • Bach

      If band was just for recreation I would have quit a long time ago. But seriously, most of the lessons I learned in band I use to this day. I can’t remember the last time I had to find the square root of x when we have rulers for that. “Assume it is you and it will get fixed,” that is one of my favorite quotes from my middle school band director. Before you offend someones passion, think about how you would feel if someone would bad mouth your desires.

      • foootbALLLER

        You do not no wut u talk about u fool, music us ussless.

        • Band4life

          Ur Dum idiot

        • Caroline

          Yeah, he’s the fool… Nice grammar foootbALLER

      • Edward F. Protzman

        You don’t

        measure the square root of x with a ruler. Maybe you shouldn’t have dropped out of middle school.

        • Three Dollar Bill

          * slide rule

    • jackson

      In my opinion, you are absolutely wrong. As a band and choir student, these classes are the sole reasons i wake up in the morning. if these classes werent part of my high school, i would be a much less successful student in general.

    • Someone_You_Don’t_Know

      I agree with Heidi Katherine’s logic. Personally, I don’t see why sports get so much more funding and recognition than music. If music is only a hobby, what does that make sports? How will anyone who doesn’t become a professional sports player ever use sports in life? However, music is used so often outside of the entertainment industry. One example: marketing. How many commercials do you see that have music in the background? Someone has to go through a bunch of songs and analyze them to see how well they will fit the message of the commercial. And that’s not the only way that music helps people. Ever heard of music therapy? Even at the nonprofessional level, music provides an escape from the stress of life. I know music is a huge reason why I am still alive and sane right now. It is legitimately one of the only reasons why I haven’t committed suicide. So please, don’t say that something is unimportant in life because chances are that it is the most important thing to someone.

    • Someone_You_Don’t_Know

      And by the way… something my band teacher once told me is “80% of everything you say is crap.” I think your comment falls under that 80%.

    • tom

      They should spend more money on these programs, they are already extremely under funded.

    • Joy Smith

      Brad, your comment seems to imply that you are not aware of (maybe never experienced) the benefits to one’s life that come from having joyful experiences with music, such as interaction, harmonization, being in a group while creating live beauty, etc. My guess is that there is a lot that you don’t know, but might learn if you can find a way to have these invigorating and stimulating experiences. i myself have them with groups of children using nothing but their bodies and voices (and hearts and minds).
      Look up The Richards Institute, if you’re interested.

  • Quality Time

    Spatial Temporal Reason Intelligence Development in young children the ages of 3 to 5 year old depends on the
    instructor skill that is training the pupils. Not everyone has the patience or ability to capture the energy, attention, self-esteem and confidence of a young mind at this age when it comes to teaching the piano lessons.

    However, for those individuals that has the skills to do so, will have great success in increasing the Spatial Temporal
    Reason intelligence in this young age group. The results speak for themselves.

    At QTEEM, our 4 and 5 years old piano pupils defiantly have a higher understanding of math and temporal reasoning with enhanced hands, mind and eyes coordination. Spatial Temporal Reason Intelligence Development through the Piano aids students in developing their large and small motor skills than their peers without piano training. 

    At-large, you will find a greater % of pupils involved in music enrichment activities such as: (Band, Chorus, Orchestra), that creating music will be nothing more than a recreational
    activity, are also the ones you find that are into the STEM programs at their schools.

    For this reason we need to support and fund our public school systems. Just think where we would be as a nation without music enrichment programs in our public schools. Public schools sport programs are not producing a high % of future STEM professionals from the system. It’s all how you look at the picture, if Spatial Temporal Reason Intelligence Development worth your tax dollars.

  • pescif

    why are we still wasting time with this bullshit? marginal benefits that can’t be replicated will not save public school arts programs from the ax. why not sack up and talk about the reality that the arts improve our society, and the need for our children to experience it, so as to perpetuate the societal benefits? and how about learning self expression? working in a team? listening skills? nonverbal communication? the self discipline and self confidence that comes with motivated practice? and, btw, apologizing for it at the end of the article doesn’t count.

    • samay

      The “marginal benefits” as you called them are the only things that really matter to schools when it comes to keeping a Music education program. These benefits can very much be replicated if music teachers and the school truly recognize and follow the Standards of Music Education. True Music education and the arts improve our society, but they can do way more then just teach students valuable life lessons like working as a team, that could otherwise be taught in any other curriculum.

    • Priscilla

      Great comment :) thank you for posting!

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  • jessica

    awesome baby

  • Guest

    This was really good article……..

  • Syed Basharat

    i think there should be arts and music classes in all schools and colleges,many students show less interest in their studies due to their long and boring lectures…….

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  • Janet

    This is a SPLENDED article!!

  • asdf


  • Harley Gant

    I am doing my Junior paper on how music helps child development. This article has helped me a ton! Thank you so much! YOU ROCK.

    • Caroline

      How did you cite this website? I can’t find the date it was posted/published on!

      • Gurgi12321

        Me too.

  • Erin

    Where is the citation page?

  • flippy

    please could you tell me when this article was written, as I am quoting it in my english language GCSE and need the date for the bibliography. Thank you

    • Caroline

      Me too! did you ever get it?

      • Brian M

        Same here!

        • Kaleigh White

          SAME I need it too.

          • Anthony T. Womack

            Nothing here either. I was hoping to cite this information…

          • LA Flores

            25 May 2012, found using

  • Lynne

    How about the research being done by Nina Kraus at Northwestern University:

    Here’s a link to a white paper:

    Here’s a link to her lab:

  • EduMusica

    Definitely, music education in early childhood improves the child’s intelligence and various capabilities.

    But maybe even more important – it helps with the development of personality, and helps them to better express themselves.

    We want to help you, so we are preparing some basic training (free!) – you can sign up here: or

  • jjcello87

    Speaking of Music ED! These Programs in San Pablo Ca have proven to us that music feeds the brain, body and soul. Please take a look at our page! And help us reach our goal to keep our programs during the summer!

  • Aidan.davis50

    So its just a coincidence that most of the people who take part in the music education programs are mostly in honors/AP classes? Didn’t think so.

  • noober

    lol ~10 comments below are about lack of citations. lawls. tf. I’m glad this article even exists.

  • Justin Eggert

    Music is the most commonly spoken language on Earth, yet only 5% of the population can read and write music – It’s time to change that.…/1155599786/numbered-notes

  • Smith Parks

    Parents are always first teacher for their children, they learn from parents how to live, eat and how do behave in society. For every parent it’s important to educate their kids and make them understand the value of education.

    As a parent I always make it point to encourage my child in an activity that interests him the most. For example Nathan, my 8 year old boy
    like to play piano so I have arranged a piano teacher for him so that he can improve on his skill/interest. It’s always good to prepare to your children for better life. A good read, you might like this:

  • makayla

    quit calling people idiots u r a idiot to and band is the awesomest thing i have ever been in so shut the f… up

  • Michelle Elizabeth Quain

  • McKenzie

    Having music education available to students in school is an important part in their learning experience. Playing and instrument and learning about music works the brain in many different ways. It is amazing the amount that music influences students thinking and testing.

  • audiolfm

    Amazing Post…….Really Music learn us many things. visit for audio services:

  • Aana

    Alright, there is some debate going on this in the comments section. I just like to add, that my 15 mo daughter is the most happiest and engaged when music plays. Be it Rhymes or songs playing on Radio. She recently has started dancing the Toddler way. For my Toddler I have realised that Music is the best way to make her learn new things and keep her engaged.

    Also, forgot to mention, just found this Toddler Musical App yesterday, and she love it already:

    Mommies do try this with your kids

    See ya mommies

  • Marzena Splawski

    Being a pianist since a very young age, and being a piano and dance teacher for many years, I can tell you about the real benefits of interacting with music in all life stages, especially learning how to play a piano. To make it very simple – the best is: developing a great self esteem, along a stronger personality. And that is the main factor which makes you succeed in any other aspects of life, training, other subjects. When you believe in yourself you don’t fail, You are not afraid of new challenges, discoveries. And how is piano playing helping? Pianists are very special, they are popular wherever they go and perform. There is always only one pianist on stage and in the center of the attention, while there are many artists with other instruments like violin, trumpets and so on. Children conquer fear of performing very early; they may become super speakers even at the White House later. Secondly, learning to read music notes is like learning a new secret language with many symbols. It improves memory, stimulates brain, helps to remember things like E=mc2 later.
    Thirdly, a real feeling of a rhythm helps not only in instrument playing, singing or dancing, but also in keeping a steady heart beating and regular breathing – needed in all exercises, swimming, etc. and responsible for healthy eating, sleeping, and even of knowing what time is it without a clock.
    I can keep going with benefits of learning music on and on. But as a teacher I can tell one more very important fact: music helps to calm, relax, be happy – a big help for over stressed kids from difficult homes, students in difficult schools and so on.
    So please, don’t wait and look for answers. Just try it yourself, no matter what age you are, I can promise you, that you will be happy, and you will believe more in yourself, and you will feel more special.
    Good luck with your music lessons.

  • SnugglesOfSarcasm

    Jim Bragg at Roosevelt HS (Chicago) in the 1980s was a master of many instruments, an incredibly patient man, and the one teacher who changed my life the most.

  • Kaylah Faulkner

    when was this article published?

  • mick

    i love this

  • mick


  • justin

    i love this

  • eon hre

    Back in 1974, I joined a marching band in the Bronx New(bithplace of Mambo/Salsa/Hip-Hop) York that was comprised of African-Americans and Puerto Ricans-Afro-Latin. We used to compete with other Latin bands and always moved the crowds on the street. We also were invited to play a school assembly and even marched to protest against the closing of Fordham hospital. It gave me a sense of belonging and discipline. It also occupied my time. Instead of trouble finding me, I progressed to the “Drum Line”. Years later, I became a DJ and rocked the parks, clubs and parties with my partner in the early 80s. I’ve just purchase a guitar and the beat goes on. The reason why today’s youth are running rampant is that they have too much time on their hands but, music filled that void in our lives.

  • Tony Crisos

    This article is an epic fail like all the others out there. It doesn’t have the gut to admit one thing and one thing only. Music has ETHOS and is the love child of cosmology and science (Pythagorean theories on musical scales, moral theory of Plato, ethos of the scales and the list goes on). That is the biggest gift of the 9 Muses to mankind. Also music is the medium with which we PRAISE God (A word that every article carefully avoids). How do we know that music is a divine gift to praise God? Answer: It was given to man as a gift from the Muses FOR THAT REASON. Also another lame thing is that no article ever directs you to the origins of music education-Sophist philosophers of Ancient Greece, the Platonic Academy and the Aristotelian education system)

    Brief etymology of the word music: from the ancient Doric verb μάω-μώ meaning “intellectually searching”. Later became μουσέω-μουσώ-music.

  • Kerry Ann Smith

    We remember music through our auditory cortex as well as the pre frontal Cortes and hippocampus, so if you are learning music, not only are you more likely to remember other thing associated with it , you are less likely to forget. Try it yourself, I did a study

  • lebron james

    caleb looks like beyonce

  • Rebecca Alexander

    I came across this article when doing research for English project about the benefits of music programs in schools. This article is great summary of the benefits of music and how it can improve academic performance. This is an interesting and exciting what new research is finding about improved academic performance and brain development through music education. Anyway we can improve our brains is something that should be taken into consideration when it comes to education. The research that I have come across showed a relationship between music and brain development especially in children and adolescents. The carry-over of skills from learning and participating in music have shown benefits in language skills. Although it seems that music programs have been devalued by educators. Therefore I believe music participation should start at young age and be continued through high school. Educators should review research and commit to music programs participation for the short and long term development of students.

  • Carly Faith Barrett
  • MysteryCommenter

    ummm… does anybody else notice that the comments take up more than the actual article does?!

  • Harold FitzGerald

    what’s “pokingmon go”

  • Micheal Maceroni

    its a game.

  • Taylor Scott

    If youre struggling to cite the article just go to All you have to do is select the website option and copy and paste the link to this website. It will create the citation for you :)

  • Mikala

    If you need evidence just ask a teacher of ANY subject which of her students have had musical training. It is so obvious in every aspect– behavior concentration, awareness listening skills memory etc. And to brad up there, i suppose you think sports are a more worthy area of spending? Again, ask a teacher! (Former teacher)

  • Ro’jay

    Would like for you all to mention my site by linking to it

  • Marko @ Parent Support Hub

    A study undertaken in 2006 published in the Journal of Educational Psychology shows that teaching children music has a positive impact on their achievement in school. This study also claimed the length of time a child practices music for has a direct coloration to the improvement made in grades and tests; the longer they study music they cleverer they become.

    Of course IQ, like memory, concentration and language skills, are not exclusively determined by one factor alone. However it is certain that allowing your child the opportunity to learn music as part of a wide variety of enriching experiences will give your child the a fantastic head start.



  • taiga

    yes I agree

  • taiga

    come to Kuumba prep .We have a lot of art classes here !!!!!!!!!!!

  • gabe

    y’all are really cringy if you’re going to argue about school and everyone commenting is like 30 years old and older lol

  • Elizabeth Fair

    what date was this article published? I am trying to reference it

  • soniakhan

    So far as social benefits go, there’s a definite community created within the audio community in a school. There are rather clear academic and societal advantages. Though there are certainly direct academic advantages of having music in school, it’s also important to look at a number of the social, emotional and mental advantages of an audio education.
    Music education is a superb way for students to get inspired. It is a powerful way to develop students appreciation of music. In the live music capital of the world, it is not a hard sell. It can be a great outlet for children to relax and express themselves in a productive way.
    If you wish to learn music, you’re going to get to count. Music is at least as powerful in treating your emotional health also. Also, learning how to play music develops discipline that’s beneficial to academic achievement. It has a definite effect on the brain. Playing music provides repetition in an enjoyable format. If it comes to learning music, there’s no ideal age to receive your child started.

  • Matt De Brito Honold

    I can’t help but find this one flaw in the link between success in school and the existence of a music program. I’ve yet to find an article that addresses and corrects for it:
    Schools that have a music program are likely to be in more affluent areas than schools with no music program. Therefore the higher test scores, graduation rates, etc. have more to do with the surrounding culture of money and academic success than they do with the music program directly. It’s that old “correlation is not necessarily causation” thing.
    That’s not to say music education doesn’t have an effect on success. I believe it does. Does anybody know of a study that controls for income segments among schools and/or students?

  • madelyn

    join the discussion

  • madelyn


  • Rich Pulin

    Laura, I don’t know if you will see this, as your article is relatively old…The article, itself, is wonderful! The only thing NOT wonderful, is your reference to Beyonce, as if she were the standard for kids to ‘strive’ for….she’s not! If you’re still able to make an edit, consider someone that’s a fantastic vocalist, like Barbra Streisand! Once again, overall, a great piece!

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