Freida Lee Mock’s Academy Award® winning documentary, Maya Lin: A Strong Clear Vision premiered on POV in 1996. It was 25 years ago today that the Vietnam Veteran’s Memorial was dedicated in Washington D.C. On this anniversary date, we take a look back at the film, which follows a decade in the life of this visionary artist. Freida Lee Mock returns to POV on December 12th, 2007 with her new film about another extraordinary artist: Wrestling With Angels: Playwright Tony Kushner
On November 13, 1982, the Vietnam Veteran’s Memorial was dedicated in Washington, D.C. It was one of the most bitterly disputed public monuments in American history. Only 21 when her design for the Washington, D.C. Vietnam Veterans Memorial was chosen in 1981, Maya Lin has never shied away from controversy.
Her starkly simple slash of polished black granite inscribed with the 57,661 names of those who died in Vietnam was viciously attacked as “dishonorable,” “a scar,” and “a black hole,” but Lin remained committed to her vision, and the Memorial, a moving tribute to sacrifice and quiet heroism, was built as planned. Since then, Lin has completed a succession of eloquent, startlingly original monuments and sculptures that confront vital American social issues.
“If you can’t accept death, you’ll never get over it,” says Lin. “So what the Memorial’s about is honesty… You have to accept, and admit that this pain has occurred, in order for it to be healed, in order for it to be cathartic… All I was saying in this piece was the cost of war is these individuals. And we have to remember them first.”
The film opens with footage chronicling the hailstorm that followed the selection of Lin’s unconventional design. Political commentator Patrick J. Buchanan and Illinois Republican Representative Henry Hyde led the fight, circulating letters alleging that one of the jurors on the selection committee was a communist and that four had been active anti-war protestors. The detractors wanted the Memorial’s color changed from black to white. Attacking Lin’s memorial, outraged Vietnam veteran Tom Carhart howled, “Black, the universal color of sorrow and shame and degradation, in all races and all societies worldwide.” Protestors also lobbied for a flagpole to be planted at the vertex of the walls. Lin’s retort was, “That’s like putting a mustache on the Mona Lisa.” Says Freida Lee Mock, who spent five years filming the artist for this documentary, “I was struck by how a person could stand up under such tremendous pressure at a very young age.”
Lin withstood the personal and artistic attacks with clarity and grace, and she prevailed with her original design. Continues Mock, “The Memorial would not have been built without her central position in the fight to maintain the integrity of that design… It was her single-minded devotion to what she thought was right.” The Memorial’s dedication in 1982 was a profoundly cathartic moment — not just for those who fought in Vietnam, but for the entire nation. Since its completion, Americans have flocked to the site to grieve, to contemplate the consequences of war, and to heal. In one of the film’s most moving segments, veterans and surviving family members search for the names of their loved ones arranged chronologically by date of death. “So many guys on the same day. It’s incredible,” says one veteran, shaking his head sadly. “What difference does it make if you find one name?” his friend asks, beginning to weep angrily. “Look at all the… names!”
Maya Lin: A Strong Clear Vision follows Lin as she works on a variety of projects, tackling such diverse issues as world peace, with her design for the Peace Chapel at Pennsylvania’s Juniata College, and race relations at the Civil Rights Memorial she created for the Southern Poverty Law Center in Montgomery, Alabama. In Montgomery, a city where, ironically, Rosa Parks Avenue crosses W. Jefferson Davis Avenue, Lin designed a flat circular stone sculpture with a civil rights timeline marking political and legislative acts intertwined with the names of those who have died in the struggle for social justice. A sheet of water flows steadily over the words of the adjacent sculptural wall, visually echoing a stirring line from Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr.’s famous “I Have a Dream” speech: “We shall not be satisfied until justice flows like waters and righteousness like a mighty stream.”
Maya Lin: A Strong Clear Vision features rare behind-the-scenes footage of Lin at work in her studio, offering viewers a privileged glimpse into the mind of this singular artist. When Morris Dees approached her to design a memorial for civil rights, she says she wanted to “understand conceptually what the piece is about or what its nature should be” before actually visiting the site. She explains the timeline as a “table of events that intertwined people’s deaths with political and legislative acts that happened because someone died. So you really begin to see a cause and effect of how people actually helped to change history.” Visitors run their hands over the names and dates, “until the whole circle [has] been filled by a ring of hands, by rings of people,” says Lin. “And in a way, they [are] symbolically… linked by this history they [are] reading quietly.”
As she continues to tackle controversial topics, Lin bravely explores new aesthetic territory, fusing art and ideals to create ever more provocative works that engage the viewer, demanding as much from us as Lin demands from herself. Speaking of his former student, Yale art history professor Vincent Scully says with heartfelt admiration, “She’s like a blade. She’s ruthlessly focused on her objective… The word for Maya is courage and effrontery.”