Man in Solitary Confinement for More Than 40 Years Builds a Life-changing Relationship With a New York Artist
A Co-presentation With the Center for Asian American Media (CAAM)
“A portrait of an invisible man, ‘Herman’s House’ is a raised voice in the constitutional debate over solitary confinement, as well as a film about art. . . . equal parts social protest, conceptual cinema and criminal-justice critique.”
– John Anderson, Variety
New Orleans native and former Black Panther activist Herman Wallace went to jail in 1967 at age 25 for a robbery he admits committing. In 1972, he was accused of the murder of a prison guard, a crime he vehemently denies, and placed in solitary confinement in a 6-foot-by-9-foot cell in the Louisiana State Penitentiary, also known as Angola. Wallace was subsequently convicted and given a life sentence. Fellow Black Panther Albert Woodfox was also placed in solitary and then convicted of the same guard’s murder. A third Panther activist, Robert King, was placed in solitary at that time though eventually convicted of a different murder. Together the three men became famous as the “Angola Three.”
Except for a brief period, Wallace has remained in solitary confinement 23 hours a day for 40 years, and he has never stopped protesting and appealing his murder conviction. Over the years, as doubts about the men’s guilt accumulated— King was freed in 2001, and in February of this year a judge ordered the release of Woodfox— concern has also grown that Wallace and an estimated 80,000 other prisoners in the United States are being subjected to solitary confinement. In 2002, Wallace received a letter that asked an extraordinary question. Jackie Sumell, a young New York artist, wrote, “What kind of house does a man who has lived in a 6-foot-by-9-foot cell for over 30 years dream of?”
Angad Singh Bhalla’s Herman’s House has its national broadcast premiere on Monday, July 8, 2013 at 10 p.m. (check local listings), as part of the 26th season of the award-winning PBS series POV (Point of View). American television’s longest-running independent documentary series, POV was recently honored with a 25-year retrospective at the Museum of Modern Art and a MacArthur Foundation Award for Creative and Effective Institutions.
Herman’s House is a portrait of a man who won’t give up fighting for his freedom and, inevitably, a critique of a justice system that has confined him for decades in solitary— a condition that some decry as torture. The film is even more the story of an unlikely artistic collaboration that brought thousands of Americans face-to-face with the harsh reality of Wallace’s confinement and went on to change profoundly the lives of both the Louisiana prisoner and the New York artist.
Sumell’s initial query led to hundreds of letters and phone calls between her and Wallace. The first result was the art installation “The House That Herman Built,” which made its debut in Germany in 2006. It featured a full-scale wooden model of Wallace’s cell, in which gallery attendees were encouraged to spend time, and detailed plans for Wallace’s dream home, which showed that his spirit remained strong. When the show hit London in 2008, Robert King, the former Black Panther, asked Sumell if she had thought her communications with Wallace would lead to such a celebrated art project. “No way. . . . It was just a game between me and Herman . . . my way of getting Herman out of Angola.” Introducing that exhibit, she says, “I’m not a lawyer and I’m not rich and I’m not powerful, but I’m an artist . . . and I knew the only way I could get (Herman) out of prison was to get him to dream.”
But as Herman’s House recounts, the exhibition is only the first step in an unpredictable, inspiring, stressful and life-changing 12-year journey. Throughout the film, we hear audio of the phone calls between Wallace and Sumell, a riveting record of a prisoner’s remarkable resilience after decades of solitude and of a young artist’s determination to tell that man’s story. Wallace finds a new friend and new hope, expressed in his growing, imaginative engagement with his dream house. Things take a dramatic turn when Wallace asks Sumell to make his dream a reality. Against the odds and with few resources, Sumell upends her life in New York to move to New Orleans, where she starts scouting land and planning to build a real Herman’s house. The hope is that it will serve as Wallace’s home when and if he’s released, and that in any case it will be used as a center for troubled youth.
In New Orleans, Sumell finds a new life and an unexpected sense of community. She acquires her own little house, friendly neighbors and a dog. She grows close to Wallace’s sister, Vickie, who has tirelessly supported her brother’s efforts to be exonerated. But Sumell’s imaginative leap of faith begins to take its toll, with a nerve-wracking hunt for land in a city still recovering from Hurricane Katrina and pressure to raise funds for the house as her own finances dwindle. She and Wallace’s supporters feel the strain of knowing that he remains locked in a cell in the Elayn Hunt Correctional Center, where he sweats out the decision of the Louisiana Court of Appeals on whether to grant his last appeal.
Herman’s House is a moving account of Wallace’s unending struggle for freedom and the powerful expression it found in Sumell’s project, which began as a game and turned into an interrogation of justice and punishment in America. It is also a testament to the transformative powers of art and imagination.
“There are 2.3 million people in jail in the United States,” says filmmaker Angad Singh Bhalla. “More than 80,000 of those are in solitary confinement. Herman Wallace has probably been there longer than anyone— 40 years and counting.
“Herman’s House is an effort to humanize at least one person behind bars. Herman Wallace is a brother, a mentor, an artistic collaborator and, most importantly for Jackie Sumell, a friend. Their art project creates a safe space for us to examine the racial and class divisions that underlie American justice.”
Herman’s House is a production of Storyline Entertainment and Time of Day Productions in association with the Ford Foundation/JustFilms.
About the Filmmaker:
Angad Singh Bhalla, Director, Producer, Writer, Cinematographer
Angad Singh Bhalla specializes in film projects that highlight rarely heard voices. After spending months with Indian villagers who had been resisting a mining project backed by the Canadian company Alcan, he produced his first independent project, U.A.I.L. Go Back, which was used widely as an organizing tool in the campaign against the project. Bhalla has since worked on videos for such organizations as Human Rights Watch and several labor unions. His short documentary on the lives of Indian street artists, Writings on the Wall, garnered awards at the WorldFest-Houston International Film Festival and the Columbus Film + Video Festival. It was broadcast nationally on Canada’s Bravo network and India’s NDTV and internationally on Al Jazeera English. Herman’s House is Bhalla’s first feature documentary. When not making films, he works as a community organizer within faith communities.
Bhalla was born in Toronto to Punjabi immigrants and studied at Stanford University, where he received a bachelor of arts degree in cultural and social anthropology. He lives in Brooklyn, N.Y., with his wife, Lavanya Chekuru, a physician.
Director: Angad Singh Bhalla
Producers: Lisa Valencia-Svensson, Angad Singh Bhalla
Executive Producers: Ed Barreveld, Loring McAlpin
Cinematographers: Iris Ng, Angad Singh Bhalla
Editor: Ricardo Acosta
Original Music: Ken Myhr
Animation: Nicolas Brault, Dan Hatch
Running Time: 86:46
POV Series Credits:
Executive Producer: Simon Kilmurry
Co-Executive Producer: Cynthia López
Vice President, Programming and Production: Chris White
Coordinating Producer: Andrew Catauro
- Awards and Festivals:
- Winner, Magnus Isacsson Award, RIDM, 2012
- Winner, Best Documentary Award, Harlem International Film Festival, 2012
- Winner, Inspiration Award, Cinema on the Bayou, 2013
- Official Selection, Hot Docs, 2012
- Official Selection, Full Frame Documentary Film Festival, 2012
- Official Selection, True/False Film Fest, 2012
- Official Selection, San Francisco Documentary Festival, 2012
- Official Selection, United Nations Association Film Festival, 2012
- Official Selection, New Orleans Film Festival, 2012
- Official Selection, Hamptons International Film Festival, 2012
- Official Selection, Big Sky Documentary Film Festival, 2013
The Center for Asian American Media (CAAM) is a nonprofit organization dedicated to presenting stories that convey the richness and diversity of Asian American experiences to the broadest audience possible. We do this by funding, producing, distributing and exhibiting works in film, television and digital media. For more information, visit www.caamedia.org.
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