|Jan. 4||Austrian Kurt Waldheim
of the United Nations.
space shuttle program.
Following a bloody civil war,
East Pakistan gains independence
and is renamed Bangladesh.
|Jan. 25||Shirley Chisholm announces her candidacy for the presidency at Brooklyn's Concord Baptist Church.|
|Feb. 4||NASA scientists unveil the first close-up photos of Mars, sent by Mariner 9.|
|Feb. 21-27||President Nixon becomes the first president to visit China, establishing a new working relationship between China and the United States.|
|Mar. 8||The Goodyear blimp flies for the first time.|
|Mar. 22||Congress passes the Equal Rights Amendment.|
|Mar. 22||The U.S. Supreme Court rules in Eisenstadt v. Baird that the right to privacy means single people are entitled to contraceptives.|
|Apr. 16||The fifth American mission to the moon, Apollo 16, launches.|
|Apr. 17||Women are allowed to compete in the Boston Marathon for the first time. Nina Kuscsik is the first winner.|
|May 2||J. Edgar Hoover, longtime director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, dies.|
|May 15||Alabama governor and presidential candidate George Wallace is shot and paralyzed by Arthur Bremer in Laurel, Maryland.|
|May 26||Richard Nixon and Soviet Premier Leonid Brezhnev sign the first Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT I) in Moscow.|
|Jun. 4||Black activist Angela Davis found not guilty of murder in California.|
|Jun. 23||Title IX passes, prohibiting sex discrimination in sports funding in schools receiving federal money.|
|Jun. 29||In a 5-4 ruling in Furman v. Georgia, the U.S. Supreme Court rules that the death penalty is unconstitutional.|
|Jul. 1||First issue of Ms. Magazine published.|
|Jul. 10||Democratic National Convention opens in Miami Beach.|
|Aug. 12||The last American ground forces are withdrawn from Vietnam.|
|Sep. 5-6||Eleven Israeli athletes murdered by terrorist group at Munich Olympics.|
|Sep. 17||First episode of MASH is aired.|
|Oct. 25||The FBI hires its first female agents.|
|Nov. 5||American Indian Movement activists occupy Bureau of Indian Affairs|
|Nov. 14||The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above 1000 for the first time. (1003.16)|
|Dec. 11||Apollo 17, the last American moon mission, lands on the moon.|
|Dec. 22||Earthquake strikes Managua, Nicaragua.|
» Wikipedia: 1972
(Top to bottom)
President Nixon meets with China's Communist Party Leader, Mao Tse-Tung, 2/29/1972. Source: National Archives.
The Goodyear blimp. Source: National Archives.
Angela Davis. Source: Library of Congress.
Cover of first issue of Ms. Magazine.
Launch of Apollo 17. Source: NASA.