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Lesson Plan

Create and Review Biographical Profiles

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OVERVIEW

This lesson plan is designed to be used with the film 49 Up, the seventh installment of a series of films that profile a group of English children every seven years, beginning in 1964.

This lesson asks students to create two profiles of their own lives, one for age seven and one for age 14. Another student will then review these profiles and identify factors that may have brought about changes during this stage of life.

POV documentaries can be recorded off-the-air and used for educational purposes for up to one year from the initial broadcast. In addition, POV offers a lending library of DVDs that you can borrow anytime during the school year — FOR FREE! Please visit our Film Library to find other films suitable for classroom use or to make this film a part of your school's permanent collection.

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OBJECTIVES

By the end of this lesson, students will:

  • Create written and visual profiles of their lives at ages seven and 14.
  • Review another student's profiles and identify factors that may have influenced change during this time period.

GRADE LEVEL: 9-12

SUBJECT AREAS: Sociology, Journalism, U.S. History, English, Visual Arts

 

MATERIALS:

ESTIMATED TIME NEEDED: One to two 50-minute class periods (assuming that the profiles are mostly completed outside of class)

 

STREAMING VIDEO CLIPS:
The trailer for 49 Up

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BACKGROUND

49 Up is the seventh installment of a series of films that profile a group of English children every seven years inspired by the Jesuit maxim, "Give me the child until he is seven and I will give you the man." Filmmaker Michael Apted, a researcher for the original film, has returned to interview the "children" every seven years since, at ages 14, 21, 28, 35, 42 and now again at age 49. This film interweaves clips from earlier films with contemporary footage to address questions of love, personality, marriage, career, class and prejudice. 49 Up also invites viewers to think about how people change over time.

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ACTIVITY

  1. Show students the trailer (length: 2:09) for the film 49 Up on the POV website. Explain that 49 Up is the latest in a series of films that profile a group of English children every seven years. The series allows us to see how and why the attitudes, ideas and circumstances of those in the film evolve over time and how their lives take shape.
  2. Tell students that they will be examining their own lives in a similar way by creating profiles of themselves at ages 7 and 14. Distribute the handout, "Me at Ages 7 and 14." Review the steps and assign an appropriate deadline. Consider the types of media that students should use to create their profiles (e.g., paper and posterboard, online blogs and digital collages, etc.) To inspire students for the collage portion of the activity, show students the collages featured on the POV website from artists who have interpreted the years when an Up series installment was produced.
  3. On the day that the profiles are due, have student pairs review his or her partner's profiles and complete the Profile Review handout.

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ASSESSMENT

Students can be assessed on:

  1. The quality of the written and visual aspects of their profiles.
  2. Complete responses on the Profile Review handout.
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    EXTENSIONS & ADAPTATIONS

    • Follow one or two of the individuals featured in 49 Up. Discuss what factors influenced the life choices of each individual and whether or not each person's future could have been predicted based on how he or she was as a child. Then, write an opinion paper agreeing or disagreeing with the Jesuit maxim cited in the film, "Give me a child until he is seven and I will give you the man."
    • Ask students to extend their profiles forward to a specified age and predict how their lives will evolve. Have them justify their predictions in writing.
    • Learn more about filmmaking by having small groups each watch a segment on the POV website of a conversation between 49 Up filmmaker Michael Apted and film critic Roger Ebert. Ask groups to note what production strategies have contributed to the success and appeal of the Up-series. Compile these notes into a class list that can be referenced during future video production assignments.
    • View both 49 Up and Following Sean, a POV film that follows the life of a young American boy from the turbulent 1960s to modern times. (Note: Following Sean is available from POV's free lending library for classrooms. Be sure to request the broadcast version of the film to avoid content in the filmmaker version that would be inappropriate for classroom use.) Create a timeline of major events in Sean's life, and a similar timeline for one of the people featured in 49 Up. Discuss how each person changed at various ages. Which experiences and values seem to be universal and which spring from cultural background and socioeconomic class? Consider also how historical context might have shaped their life decisions. POV's Discussion Guide for 49 Up lists political, economic, and social developments in the United States and Great Britain for the years in which the people in 49 Up were interviewed: 1964, 1971, 1978, 1985, 1992, 1999 and 2006. Compare the student-created timelines with these historical snapshots and analyze in writing to what degree their lives reflected each time period.
    • Explore how children are educated around the world with the Up-series-inspired documentary project, Time for School from Wide Angle. This series checks in on the schooling of seven children in seven different countries over a 12-year period. The second episode from the 2007 season is available online and is broken into video chapters. Have students learn about one of the children featured in this series and then write an essay comparing and contrasting that child's educational experiences with their own.

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    RESOURCES

    How to Make a Collage
    Find steps and tips for creating a collage on paper or poster board. Related links provide information on creating a digital photo collage.

    Time Magazine: "Keeping Up with the 7 Up"
    This extensive piece provides background on the Up series and serves as an excellent introduction to the entire enterprise.

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    STANDARDS

    These standards are drawn from "Content Knowledge," a compilation of content standards and benchmarks for K-12 curriculum by McRel (Mid-continent Research for Education and Learning).

    BEHAVIORAL STUDIES
    Standard 1: Understands that group and cultural influences contribute to human development, identity, and behavior.

    Level IV, Benchmark 6: Understands that heredity, culture, and personal experience interact in shaping human behavior, and that the relative importance of these influences is not clear in most circumstances.

    Level IV, Benchmark 7: Understands that family, gender, ethnicity, nationality, institutional affiliations, socioeconomic status, and other group and cultural influences contribute to the shaping of a person's identity.

    LANGUAGE ARTS
    Standard 4: Gathers and uses information for research purposes.

    Standard 10: Understands the characteristics and components of the media.

    U.S. HISTORY
    Standard 31: Understands economic, social, and cultural developments in the contemporary United States.

    VISUAL ARTS
    Standard 1: Understands and applies media, techniques, and processes related to the visual arts.

    Standard 4: Understands the visual arts in relation to history and cultures.

    ABOUT THE AUTHOR

    Cari Ladd, M.Ed., is an educational writer with a background in broadcast journalism, secondary education and media development. Previously, she served as PBS Interactive's Director of Education, overseeing the development of curricular resources tied to PBS programs, the PBS TeacherSource website (now PBS Teachers), and online teacher professional development services. She has also taught in Maryland and Northern Virginia.

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There aren't many pieces of work, especially in film, that have the patience or the longevity or the time to honor the drama of ordinary life; and after all, the drama of what we all have to go through — children, jobs, marriage, the things that touch us — is the big drama of life, far more so than the drama of movies and television.”

— Michael Apted

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