The RAND Corporation
The RAND Corporation (from "Research ANd Development") was formed in 1948 to improve military planning. It drew on the expertise of scientists and civilian researchers like Daniel Ellsberg.
The RAND Corporation (the name stands for "research and development"), self-defined as a "nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decision-making through research and analysis," was formed in 1948 in response to a need identified during World War II to improve military planning by drawing on the expertise of civilian researchers and scientists. Thomas Schelling, an early and prominent RAND employee, says in the film, "The atomic bomb had changed so much. And the military knew that they needed fresh thinking."
RAND became the favored think tank of the Air Force in particular, and the U.S. Department of Defense in general. At the time of Ellsberg's employment at the RAND Corporation, it played an integral role in providing information and strategic thinking to military decision-makers.
» RAND Corporation. "History and Mission."