Aaron Matthews grew up in Brooklyn and graduated from Wesleyan University with a degree in English literature. His award-winning documentaries include the ITVS program A Panther in Africa, which was broadcast on POV in 2004, received a Cine Golden Eagle Award and won best documentary at the St. Louis International Film Festival. His feature-length documentary My American Girls was broadcast on POV and the Discovery Times Channel, won the Best Documentary Award at the San Francisco Latino Film Festival and aired throughout Europe and Latin America. Matthews' previous films Taddo and The Art of the Moment played at numerous festivals around the country and have been broadcast on the History Channel and public television. Matthews’ most recent film, The Paper, aired on PBS's Independent Lens in the fall of 2007.
Matthews has received grants from the Sundance Institute, the Jerome Foundation the New York State Council on the Arts, Latino Public Broadcasting and the Brooklyn Arts Council.