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Nelson Mandela and the African National Congress

African National Congress
The official website of the African National Congress includes an extensive history of the ANC, an archive of historical documents, and access to ANC Today, the weekly online publication of the ANC.

ANC Website: Nelson Mandela Biography
A biography of Mandela is offered at the website of the African National Congress.

Time Magazine: The Time 100: Nelson Mandela
In 2000, Time Magazine named the 100 most important people of the 20th Century. Nelson Mandela was among that group, and this profile of him from the magazine illuminates his journey from revolutionary to inmate to the leader of South Africa. (April 13, 1998)

Nobelprize.org: Nelson Mandela - Nobel Lecture
In 1993, the Nobel Committee awarded Nelson Mandela and Frederik Willem de Klerk the Nobel Peace Prize for their work in terminating apartheid and laying the foundation for a new democratic South Africa. The site also contains the profile, "Nelson Mandela and the Rainbow of Culture".

Nelson Mandela Foundation
The website for the Nelson Mandela Foundation supports Mandela's work to fight HIV/AIDS and improve rural education in South Africa. It also provides searchable access to the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory, an archive of materials and memories related to Mandela.

BBC News: A Profile of Nelson Mandela
This article on Nelson Mandela provides brief background on his work with the African National Congress, his imprisonment, his presidency and his work since retiring in 1999. Links to other BBC News articles about Mandela can be found on the right side of the page. (June 1, 2004)

MSN Encarta UK: African National Congress
MSN Encarta's encyclopedia entry on the African National Congress.


Apartheid

Apartheid Museum
The website of the Apartheid Museum, located in Johannesburg, contains multimedia presentations about the history of apartheid. Visitors can view a gallery of apartheid artifacts and read supplemental educational resources on apartheid.

BBC News: South Africa: A Decade of Democracy
This BBC News website takes a look at South Africa in 2004. Various stories about South Africa are aggregated on the website, which offers a portrayal of South Africa ten years after the end of apartheid. (April 2004)

United Nations: Human Rights: Historical Images of Apartheid in South Africa
These photos from the United Nations photo archive collection show the everyday effects of apartheid in South Africa from the 1970s to the 1990s.

CBC: Canada and the Fight Against Apartheid
The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation's overview of apartheid focuses on the international response to apartheid in the 1980s, specifically Canada's sanctions against South Africa, and Canada's assistance of South Africa in the 1994 elections. A timeline of events and brief radio and video segments spanning 1952 and 1994 are provided.

The Library of Congress: Country Studies: South Africa
The Library of Congress website contains a compilation of its own resources on the history of South Africa. Click on "Segregation, 1910-48," "Apartheid, 1948-76," "Government in Crisis, 1978-89" and "Dismantling Apartheid, 1990-94" to learn more about the history of apartheid.


Also on PBS and NPR

PBS.org Websites

Frontline: The Long Walk of Nelson Mandela
This portrait of Nelson Mandela takes an intimate look at one of the 20th century's greatest leaders. The companion website a synopsis of the film, numerous interviews with Mandela's friends, colleagues and fellow prisoners, and other resources on the tumultuous of this Nelson Mandela. (May 1999)

Facing the Truth with Bill Moyers
As part of the negotiated settlement that led to the end of apartheid and the election of Nelson Mandela as president, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission was established by the South African Government to investigate the crimes committed between 1960 and 1994 during the fight against apartheid. The website for this two-hour documentary, which focuses on stories told to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, gives an overview of the commission's findings. (March 1999)

Wide Angle: Road To Riches, A country of contrasts.
In 1994 apartheid ended and South Africa held its first non-racial elections. A new constitution and government resulted, bringing hope to many South Africans. But were their dreams fulfilled? This documentary examines the state of South Africa in 2003, and the companion website offers a photo essay and info-graphics on post-apartheid South Africa. (August 2003)

Online NewsHour: Facing the Past
Part of South Africaâs transition from a minority white government to majority black rule was the creation of a truth and reconciliation commission to investigate alleged atrocities committed during the apartheid era. Charlayne Hunter-Gault discusses the effectiveness of the commission with Dullah Omar, South Africaâs minister of justice. (April 8, 1997)

Online NewsHour: Truth and Consequences
Twenty years after the murder of anti-apartheid activist Stephen Biko, five police officers have confessed to the crime. Following a background report, Charlayne Hunter-Gault talks with two South African journalists about South Africa's healing process. (Janurary 29, 1997)

Online News Hour: President Mandela
Since his release from prison in February 1990, Nelson Mandela has emerged as one of the world's most significant moral leaders. He was inaugurated as the President of South Africa in May, 1994. Five months later, Charlayne Hunter-Gault talked with President Mandela about South Africa's past and future. (October 6, 1994)

NPR Stories

South Africa, 10 Years Later
This extensive NPR website takes a look at South Africa 10 years after the end of apartheid, aggregating numerous stories on Nelson Mandela, South Africa's Rocky Road to Democracy and more. (April 2004)

News and Notes with Ed Gordon: Nelson Mandela Turns 87
We share a birthday tribute to Nelson Mandela, the South African freedom fighter and former president who turns 87 years old Monday. (June 18, 2005)

All Things Considered: Soweto 1976: An Audio History
For decades, the whites-only government of South Africa had brutally enforced a policy of racial segregation known as apartheid — and just as ruthlessly crushed any opposition. But on June 16, 1976, students in Soweto township outside Johannesburg decided to hold a protest against a government policy mandating that all classes be taught in Afrikaans, the language of South African whites. What started as a student demonstration exploded across South Africa, helping to change the course of the nation's history by galvanizing the struggle to dismantle apartheid. Producers Joe Richman and Ben Shapiro present this audio history. (June 16, 2006)





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