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I. Cold War/ Propaganda War between Soviet Union and USA

  1. Soviet Union and U.S. friendly during and after WWII.

  2. Stalin tightened grip on his and other nations, good relationship soon to crumble

  3. Atom Bomb monopoly U.S. fought so hard to keep is lost when Soviets announce they too have built one

  4. Cold War, Propaganda War is on

    1. No longer a battle of bullets but of words, ideas and images

    2. All Soviet media to turn against West

    3. Churchill, once an ally, is portrayed as an enemy, a fascist

II. Total Propaganda, total censorship, the origins

  1. Party line media is the only media after revolution of 1917

  2. Cinema is Lenin's priority device as a Communist weapon

  3. Stalin takes cult of personality to extremes

  4. Rewrites history books, suddenly Soviet Union had invented everything

  5. Trials began for "enemies of the state," all guilty, all executed, terror reigns

    1. Rewrites history books

    2. Remakes photos each time a leading party member is executed

  6. Stalin achieves a completely totalitarian state

    1. Every facet of life lined with party information

    2. Toddlers and schoolchildren already brainwashed

    3. Pre-teens and teenagers become "Pioneers" and were influenced as well

    4. Families feared even talking to each other for fear of being announced as an "enemy"

III. Stalin's death

  1. Soviets fear life without "Father Stalin"

  2. Soviet propaganda weakens as U.S. broadcast more and more information into Soviet Union

  3. Citizens shocked to hear different opinions about their own nation from foreign broadcast

IV. Communism versus Capitalism

  1. Revolution in Hungary, 1956, crushed by Soviet tanks

  2. Khrushchev visits America, in 1959, to show efforts towards friendship

  3. Both sides build up new forms of propaganda

V. Cultural Exchange attempt begins

  1. American companies, per Eisenhower's request, display popular American products in a Trade Show held in Moscow

  2. This American exhibition amazes Soviets with their products, advanced technology and availability

  3. Khrushchev and Communist party fear Soviets will value Capitalist achievements better than those of Communists

VI. New form of Soviet propaganda - half-truth

  1. Media portrays only positive news about the party, never any negatives

  2. Censorship increased: absolutely no negative comments about Soviet system or Communist party

  3. Bay of Pigs, the attempt to liberate Cuba sent negative message about America and aided Soviet propaganda

  4. Kennedy attempts to promote anti-Communist support with his announcement that Soviets had nuclear missiles in Cuba

  5. Soviets continually showed the Atomic bombs that America dropped in Japan

  6. Vietnam war gave infinite possibility for Soviet anti-American propaganda

  7. Soviets move into Third World countries, propagating the Socialist system

VII. Propaganda begins to subside

  1. Soviet war in Afghanistan equivalent to US in Vietnam

  2. President Reagan denounces communism: Star Wars preparations, scares Soviets

  3. Gorbachev signs arms control treaty with Reagan: the new glasnost and perestroika finally end Cold War.

VIII. Conclusion

  1. Propaganda was/is the tool of governments, the Soviet people understood this later than many Americans

  2. Something has to take the place of lost beliefs


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