activity page will offer:
introduction to travel routes
experience with Jane Goodall's field study methods
opportunity to analyze travel routes
a chance to observe and record personal travel routes
- Travel route map (as drawn below)
- Paper and pencil
1 - Interpreting Graphics
- Examine this map. It illustrates the travel routes and
evening nesting sites of two chimpanzees. Each night's nest
is numbered consecutively. All questions below are based
upon this field study and the behaviors/actions it suggests.
- How many nesting sites does a chimpanzee make each evening?
- How many nesting sites for Gonzo were identified?
- How many nesting sites for Coco were identified?
- Which animal preferred to travel closer to the river?
- Which animal preferred to nest in groups?
- Which animal traveled a greater distance?
- How many times did Gonzo come in contact with a river?
During which day of travel did Gonzo most likely meet up and
remain with his chimpanzee group? Explain.
Although the group remains in a certain region, it does not
nest in the same spot each night. The chimps travel and establish
new nesting areas.
What are the advantages of this behavior?
Humans evolved from this type of foraging behavior to establish
fixed camps and settlements.
What social advancements helped establish this switch?
What were the advantages of remaining in one place?
2 - Recording Your Travel Routes
Think about yesterday. Where did you have breakfast, lunch,
out a typical day's travel. When creating your drawing,
keep in mind both scale and simplicity of route. Scale -
Use a scale that is appropriate to your travel. Make sure
you have enough space to illustrate the extent of your travel.
Remember, keep your route simple. Although you took footsteps
in hundreds of different directions, just approximate your
your travel route, identify the locations of your breakfast,
lunch and dinner.
with a friend or classmate and uncover the travel route
they followed on the same day as you mapped. Add this route
to your own map. Identify your friend's location for breakfast,
lunch and dinner. Did your routes overlap? Is so, where?
Can you explain the similarities and differences in your
Maps are a symbolic representation of a landscape or place.
Instead of using reduced scale versions of the concept they
represent, they use abstract symbols (dots represent cities
instead of scaled-down images of real cities, etc.). Make
a map of something common to your classmates. The map can
represent anything from your teacher's cluttered desk to the
layout of the cafeteria. Exchange completed maps with a classmate.
Don't identify the subject of the map. Let them apply critical
observation skills and inferences to determine the map's subject.
Ape Study Sites
Information and links to primate field stations in Africa.
Hunting Behavior and Human Evolution
An American Scientist article on hunting behavior in chimpanzees.
activities in this guide were contributed by Michael DiSpezio,
a Massachusetts-based science writer and author of "Critical
Thinking Puzzles" and "Awesome Experiments in Light & Sound"
(Sterling Publishing Co., NY).
Academic Advisors for this Guide:
Corrine Lowen, Science Department, Wayland Public Schools,
Suzanne Panico, Science Department, Fenway High School, Boston,
Anne E. Jones, Science Department, Wayland Middle School,