activity page will offer:
introduction to social network representation
with Jane Goodall's field study methods
opportunity to analyze a social network diagram
chance to observe and record personal social interactions
- Social network diagram (as drawn below)
- Drawing compass
- Paper and pencil
1 - INTERPRETING GRAPHICS
- Examine the examples presented below for more information
on how to read this chart.
- Examine the circular diagram that represents social networks
of Bonzo and his community.
- Bonzo is a male. How many total males are in this community?
How many females are in this community?
- Which animal had the most social interaction with Bonzo?
- What was the nature of Coco's interaction with Bonzo?
- Which animal was the most unfriendly to Bonzo?
- Which gender had more interactions with Bonzo?
- Which two animals had the least social interaction with
- Which was the friendliest female? The least friendly
HOW TO READ THE DIAGRAM
- Drawing Your Own
- Select a popular book, film, or TV show. Identify the
main character and define the social interaction that character
has with others (friendly, tense, etc.) and the relative
time spent in socializing with them.
- Use a compass to draw a grid of concentric circles upon
which you'll represent this social network. Place the main
character's name at the center of this pattern.
- Use a drawing compass to sketch that subject's social
network onto this grid.
and contrast the social networks created by your classmates.
How are they similar? How are they different? Is there a pattern?
What might account for the differences? How might the amount
of time watching a TV show influence the complexity of the
observed social network? Explain.
Turn on the television and you're likely find a program about
young people on some sort of challenge or quest. Often, we
learn more about the group's social interactions then the
actual challenge they face. Suppose chimpanzees were able
to talk and communicate to humans about their social relationships
with other chimps. What would they say? Here's your chance
for a little creative writing and a great deal of fun. Script
out a show about a group of chimps living together and sharing
their social trials and tribulations. With your instructor's
approval, perform and videotape this project.
MAKE A DEAL
As you've seen, chimpanzees can resolve conflicts by making
deals. This peace-making strategy is not limited to our primate
relatives. Humans strike deals all of the time. Part One -
Think about the last deal that you made with friends or family
to resolve a conflict. Describe this personal conflict resolution.
Part Two - Think of a global area of strife. Describe any
type of deal that is offered to help bring peace to war torn
Use a drawing compass to create another social network grid.
This time, don't represent individuals on the graphic. Instead,
use countries. Replace the male/female division of the graphic
with developed and undeveloped country status. Place the United
States at the center of this diagram. Then, populate the grid
with at least a dozen other countries. Using your knowledge
of world events, place these countries in circles (relative
to their interactions with the US) in parts of the gird that
best show their relationship to the US.
Goodall -- in her own words
Read this motivating and engaging interview with Jane Goodall
in the Wild Show Stirrings of Culture
A rich and extensive site on chimps and culture.
An excellent resource on chimpanzees. Includes video clips.
activities in this guide were contributed by Michael DiSpezio,
a Massachusetts-based science writer and author of "Critical
Thinking Puzzles" and "Awesome Experiments in Light & Sound"
(Sterling Publishing Co., NY).
Academic Advisors for this Guide:
Corrine Lowen, Science Department, Wayland Public Schools,
Suzanne Panico, Science Department, Fenway High School, Boston,
Anne E. Jones, Science Department, Wayland Middle School,