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ALien Invasion

  The Silence of the Birds
 
Photo of brown tree snake
  The deadly brown tree snake preys on both eggs and adult birds alike.

Island habitats are among the world's most fragile ecosystems - home to unique species that have evolved over millions of years to meet the requirements of their isolated surroundings. But in today's global economy, keeping island species protected from the outside world is a nearly impossible task. On the South Pacific island of Guam, one alien invader has wrought unimaginable havoc on native bird life, forcing scientists to seek radical measures to bring the crisis under control.

Birds on Guam evolved with few natural predators. But in the 1940's, when the island was an important military hub during and after the war, some brown tree snakes hitched a ride from a neighboring island. With no predators of their own, these powerful hunters began to systematically wipe out Guam's bird life. Today, Guam is infested with 1 or 2 million snakes, and has lost all three of its native bird species. Six other regional species are gone; three are just hanging on. Other islands, like Hawaii, could be next.
Photo of  Alan and Guam Rail  
Alan gets close to the Guam rail, now thriving in captivity but extinct in the wild.  

At the National Zoo in Washington, biologist Don Nichols is working on a solution to this ecological disaster. He has developed a special virus unique to snakes that kills by flooding their lungs with fluid. The hope is that the highly contagious virus will spread rapidly among the brown tree snakes on Guam, without evolving to infect the island's other reptilian life. For an animal lover like Nichols, it's a tough situation, but clearly the best way to preserve the environment in the long run.

For more on this topic, see the web feature:
Nature vs. Nature

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