Neiman has been Director of Archaeology at Monticello
in Charlottesville, VA since 1999. After receiving his
bachelor's degree from Brown University in 1974, Neiman
obtained his Master's degree in Anthropology in 1981
and his Ph. D. in 1990, both from Yale University.
current research focuses on the archaeology of the greater
Chesapeake region, from its initial settlement by Europeans
and Africans to the Civil War. Among the topics he is
currently pursuing are the implications of changing
demography and labor processes for social relationships
among enslaved people and slave owners. He is also part
of the Monticello Plantation Archaeological Survey,
a multidisciplinary initiative designed to reveal changes
in settlement and land use on Thomas Jefferson's Albemarle
Neiman also lectures on several topics, including Landscape
Archaeology in the Department of Anthropology at the
University of Virginia, as well as Methods in Historical
Archaeology in the Department Architectural History
at the University of Virginia.
see our resources page
for links to this scientist's home page and other related
especially enjoyed the program tonight with Alan Alda
and his visit to Monticello and Jamestown. We just visited
those places this summer. There is a monument on Mulberry
Row that states how many days each week and how many
hours the slaves worked. Do you have information regarding
those days and hours? I'm afraid we did not remember
the exact details, but found the information quite shocking.
In the Chesapeake, slaves were expected to work
from dawn to dusk, Monday through Saturday. Sunday was
a day off. As a result, the length of the work day varied
with the season of the year -- shorter in the winter
and longer in the summer. During key times in the agricultural
cycle, slave owners demanded additional work at night
and on Sunday. Their demands usually met with slave
enjoyed the show about slavery. How much did slaves
cost in dollars and cents?
If you were a slave, your price would be determined
by your age, sex, health, and the extent to which slave
owners valued any special skills you might possess.
As a result, in early 19th-century Virginia, slave prices
might vary from ten's to hundreds of dollars. For a
fascinating exploration of the social and economic dynamics
of the 19th-century US slave market see: Johnson, Walter
1999, Soul by Soul: Life Inside the Antebellum Slave
Market. Harvard University Press, Cambridge .
M. 7th grade student asks:
want to know how long it took to dig up all that stuff?
Archaeological fieldwork is very time consuming!
The Monticello Plantation Archaeological Survey is a
good example. The goal of the Survey is to find every
archaeological site on the 2000 acres of land currently
owned by Monticello, so that we can understand the important
changes in agricultural land use and slave settlement
that occurred during Thomas Jefferson's lifetime. In
Jefferson's day this area was mostly agricultural fields,
but today is covered with woods. We dig one shovel test
pit, looking for artifacts, every 40 feet. So far we
have dug about 11,000 shovel test pits and covered about
300 acres. This work was done over four field seasons,
with a field crew that averages about 6 people. It is
slow going, but our historical findings make it worthwhile.