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Activity 3: Grades 5-8
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1) What is a placebo?

2) True or false? Doctors in the 1930's and 40's knowingly prescribed placebo to patients.

3) How many patients with depression feel better on placebo?
     a) 10%
     b) 25%
     c) 40%
     d) 50%

4) Andrew Leuchter compared the brains of depressed patients on placebo and the brains of patients on real antidepressant medication. What surprising result did he obtain?
     a) people on placebo did not feel as good as people on real      medication
     b) people on placebo experienced a change of brain       activity inthe same area of the brain that responds to       real medication
     c) people on placebo felt better than people on real      medication
     d) none of these

5) What is the problem with the standard treatment for Parkinson's disease?

6) When Jon Stoessl compared real Parkinson's treatment to placebo treatment, what surprising result did he obtain?

7) Ron Turner is testing the effectiveness of an herbal remedy thought to cure colds. How does he do it?

8) When Turner matched up the severity of infections in those given the real substance versus those given the placebo, what did he find?
     a) those on the placebo were less sick.
     b) those on the real substance were less sick.
      c) no difference between those on the placebo and those       on the real substance
     d) none of these.

9) In the acupuncture study, what is Ted Kaptchuk trying to compare?
      a) the placebo effect of acupuncture versus the placebo       affect of pill
      b) sham acupuncture versus real acupuncture
      c) acupuncture versus pain medicine
      d) none of these

10) The Italian scientists have found that people given placebo pain killers react how?

 

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