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1579

Drake's New World expands

Southern Netherlands recognize Philip II of Spain
Drake proclaims English sovereignty over New Albion (California)
Portuguese trading station established in Bengal

grave stoneWilliam's sister Anne dies

Along with his other troubles, now John Shakespeare had to contend with the death of his daughter...

1580

Drake arrives home

First commercial treaty between England and Turkey
Drake's voyage around the world completed
Seventh war of religion in France
Philip II conquers Portugal
Frans Hals, Dutch Painter born

a cross in Holy Trinity ChurchThought crime

Every repressive regime seeks to control free thought as it is expressed in literature, or in the classroom...
interior of Baddesley Clinton, circa 1900John Shakespeare, and The State under siege

Rumors are rife of a possible incursion by papal troops and priests, as a prelude to an invasion by Spain...
Edmund Campion portraitEdmund Campion arrives at Dover

The Jesuit missionary Edmund Campion's arrival on the shores of England at this time therefore seems all the more foolhardy or courageous, depending on your point of view...
portrait not availableWilliam Herbert born

The son of wealthy and influential patrons of poets, William Herbert is most likely the inspiration for a series of Sonnets written by William Shakespeare...

1581

Netherlands dumps Spain

Northern Netherlands renounces allegiance to Spain
Russians begin conquest of Siberia
Akbar subdues Afghanistan

1582

New calendars, new missions

Gregorian calendar introduced to Roman Catholic countries
Jesuit mission in China begins

book of poetryRe-writing history

The Privy Council recommended that all schools use the preferred Protestant history book...
interior of the Office of the Censor LondonCensorship

Censorship is one of the primary tools of any repressive regime. The suppression of free thought is only ever partially successful...
flowersWilliam's first poem

Shakespeare's marriage may also have inspired what might be his earliest surviving poem...
interior of Temple Grafton, WarwickshireWilliam marries Anne Hathaway

An 18-year-old William weds a 26-year-old wife...

Index

a baptism at Holy Trinity Church1564-1571

Stratford Council1572-1578

interior of Baddesley Clinton, circa 19001579-1582

exterior of The Tower of London1583-1586

The Globe Theatre, London1587-1593

Julian Glover and Adrian Schiller in King Lear1594-1597

rebuilding of The Globe Theatre, London1598-1601

Richard II, close up of crown1602-1607

quills on a desk1608-1613

grave stone1614-1616

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