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E. E. BARNARD
E. E. BARNARD
USA (1857 - 1923)
Best known for his discovery of Barnard's star in 1916, Edward Emerson Barnard was a gifted astronomer who grew up with little formal education. In 1876, he purchased his first telescope, a 5-inch refractor and discovered his first comet in 1881. In 1892, he discovered Amalthea, the fifth moon of Jupiter, making him the first to discover a new Jovian moon since Galileo in 1609. After joining Yerkes Observatory at the University of Chicago in 1895, Barnard spent great amounts of time photographing the Milky Way. Posthumously, his photographs were published in 1927 as A Photographic Atlas of Selected Regions of the Milky Way.
 

Enjoy these insightful and educational video clips drawn from over 70 hours of interviews with the world's leading figures in astronomy, shot during the filming of 400 Years of the Telescope.

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Scott Fisher

A transitional time in astronomy
Scott Fisher - Gemini North

This is a transitional time in astronomy as far as telescopes go. I think some folks would argue that itís always a transitional time because we tend to plan and build bigger telescopes and telescopes with different capabilities. But right now whatís happening is the big telescopes now are like Gemini, Keck and Subaru, and VLT, these are 8 Ė 10 meter telescopes.

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Kathryn Flanagan

James Webb Space Telescope (JWST): The beginning of the universe
Kathryn Flanagan - James Webb Space Telescope (JWST)

The first thing we wish to do is look at the first sources of light in the universe. The very earliest galaxies that formed, the very first clusters of stars that formed from the very first stars. In order to do that, we have to use infrared light as Iíve said.

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Kathryn Flanagan

James Webb Space Telescope (JWST): The origins of life in the cosmos
Kathryn Flanagan - James Webb Space Telescope (JWST)

And finally we come to the fourth major science goal, which would be planetary systems and possibly the origins of life in the cosmos.

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Kathryn Flanagan

JWST: The assembly of galaxies and the birth of stars
Kathryn Flanagan - James Webb Space Telescope (JWST)

Transcript in progress

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Kathryn Flanagan

Are we alone in the universe?
Kathryn Flanagan - James Webb Space Telescope (JWST)

We are definitely looking for the signatures of life, in planets and the atmospheres of planets; thereís no question that is a major goal of much of what NASA astrophysics is doing.

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