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1. 1. During what period did William Shakespeare live and work?
a) the Age of Enlightenment
b) the Elizabethan Era
c) the Romantic Era
d) the Italian Renaissance

The Elizabethan era gets its name from the reign of Queen Elizabeth I.

2. Where was Shakespeare born?
a) Stratford-on-Avon
b) London-on-Thames
c) Once-upon-a-Thames
d) Hamm-on-Wye

Stratford, a village NE of London, was also the site of Shakespeare's death 52 years later.

3. What was the name of the theatrical company of which Shakespeare was a member?
a) The King’s Men
b) The Queen’s Men
c) The Chessmen
d) The Man's Men

The King’s Men were named after King James I; before that, the company was known as The Lord Chamberlain’s Men.

4. Which of the following was an attribute of the Globe Theater?
a) three-story, open-air construction
b) extended stage with trapdoor
c) shaped like an “O”
d) all of the above

The Globe Theater, located on the south bank of the Thames River, was an ‘O’-shaped three story theater containing an extended stage with a trapdoor.

5. Which of the following was not an attribute of the Elizabethan stage?
a) performed in front of “groundlings”
b) huge special effects
c) no female actors
d) no intermissions between acts

The Elizabethan stage was quite different than the modern stage: no intermissions, no female actors.

6. Shakespeare was involved with the Globe Theater as:
a) an actor
b) a playwright
c) a shareholder
d) all of the above

Shakespeare wasn’t just the world’s greatest dramatist, he was also a thespian and a businessman.

7. Shakespeare wrote all of the following except:
a) plays
b) sonnets
c) novels
d) book-length poems

Shakespeare is credited with writing more than thirty plays, 150 sonnets, two long poems, and no novels.

8. Which of the following describes the syllable structure of an iamb?
a) stressed, stressed
b) unstressed, stressed
c) stressed, unstressed
d) freaked out, chilled

An iamb closely follows the natural, up-down movement of spoken language.

9. Shakespeare often wrote in blank verse because it:
a) is much cheaper then full verse
b) closely resembles the natural rhythms of speech
c) was mandated by the King
d) is a favorite of the ladies

Shakespeare wrote in blank verse because it closely resembles the natural rhythms of speech.

10. How many iambs does a line of perfect iambic pentameter contain?
a) one complete iamb
b) five
c) ten
d) varies according to meter

“Pentameter” basically means “five meters.” The meter in this instance is iambic.

11. In terms of symbolic art, which of the following is a universal?
a) villain
b) protagonist
c) femme fatale
d) justice

The others are all particulars: the villain might represent evil, the protagonist good, and the femme fatale, betrayal.

12. Who wrote the Greek play Oedipus Rex
a) Sophocles
b) Aristotle
c) Jocasta
d) Francis Bacon

Oedipus Rex was first performed in the fifth century B.C., about two thousand years before Shakespeare's time.

13. Greek philosopher Aristotle described drama, including tragedy, as:
a) a terrible beauty
b) a terrible waste of time
c) a muse of fire
d) an imitation of an action

In The Poetics, Aristotle defined his many thoughts on drama.

14. Tragic figures:
a) are noble figures
b) suffer a reversal of fortune
c) recognize the consequences of their actions
d) all of the above

Tragic figures, particularly according to Aristotle, are noble figures who suffer a reversal of fortune, and recognize the consequences of their actions.

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