The International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) defines adaptation as the adjustment in natural or human systems in response to actual or expected climatic stimuli or their effects, which moderates harm or exploits beneficial opportunities.
Carbon Cycle
The carbon cycle is the circulation of carbon atoms through the Earth systems as a result of photosynthetic conversion of carbon dioxide into complex organic compounds by plants, which are consumed by other organisms, and return of the carbon to the atmosphere as carbon dioxide as a result of respiration, decay of organisms, and combustion of fossil fuels.
Carbon Sequestration
Carbon sequestration is the process of removing carbon from the atmosphere and storing it in a reservoir so that it is not available as a greenhouse gas.
A flux is the process of moving from one reservoir to another.
Geoengineering is the implementation of technology to deliberately manipulate conditions on Earth. In the context of climate change, geoengineering refers to planetary scale manipulation of the Earth's climate to counteract the effects of global warming.
Geologic Time Scale
A geologic time scale is a system of chronologic measurements relating rock layers to time. Geologists, paleontologists, and other earth scientists use this system to describe the timing and relationships between events in Earth's history.
Global Climate Change
Global climate change is change recorded over an extended length of time (decades or longer) with regards to precipitation, temperature, or wind caused by natural and/or manmade factors.
To mitigate something means to reduce its affect. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) defines mitigation as an intervention to reduce the sources or enhance the sinks of greenhouse gases.
A reservoir is a place where carbon is stored. Some reservoirs sequester carbon so it is inactive with respect to the climate system (stored as limestone, sediments in deep ocean, or biomass in vegetation), other reservoirs interact with the climate system, such as CO2 in the atmosphere.