245 00|a History detectives. |p GAR photograph. |p Jefferson pledge. |p Dempsey fight bell.

246 22|a GAR photograph.

246 22|a Jefferson pledge.

246 22|a Dempsey fight bell.

260 __|a Arlington, VA : |b PBS, |c 2007.

490 0_|a History detectives.

500 __|a Copyright permission expires 07/09/08.

500 __|a Title from web site description.

511 0_|a History Detectives: Wes Cowan, Elyse Luray, Gwen Wright, Tukufu Zuberi.

520 __|a GAR Photograph - A Civil War enthusiast in Etters, Pennsylvania, owns a striking vintage photograph that depicts about 20 older white men in full dress uniform, standing shoulder-to-shoulder with two black men. In Reconstruction-era America, association between blacks and whites was frequently taboo. What brought them together for this portrait? Their bond, it turns out, was the Grand Army of the Republic, a remarkable fraternal order organized for war veterans. In fact, integration was actually a GAR standard. The reason? The men's common struggle with post traumatic stress transcended race. HISTORY DETECTIVES host Elyse Luray heads to Cazenovia, New York, and Washington, DC, to investigate the first national social group to challenge the color barrier.
Jefferson Pledge - In a forgotten corner of the Washington, DC, Public Library, a photo archivist has discovered what may be a momentous piece of history. It's a list of signatures from public figures of the early 1800s, including President Thomas Jefferson, offering money for a seemingly humble proposal: to build a simple pair of elementary schools. But Jefferson's ultimate goal was far loftier. With this venture, he was quietly floating his plan to launch the nation's first public school system. Eventually he would go broke through such acts of charity, but Jefferson's ideals of public education would transform the nation. Could it all have begun with a modest $200 pledge? Wes Cowan leads HISTORY DETECTIVES to Charlottesville, Virginia, and Washington, DC, to find out.
Dempsey Fight Bell - July 4, 1919, marks the day America found its true calling in a national obsession. Icon Jack Dempsey became the world's first boxing superstar and he did it with the clang of a bell. Now, a contributor in Reno, Nevada, wants to know: Is the bell he's toasted many a night on the wall of his favorite bar the one that was ringside at Dempsey's legendary world heavyweight championship match? The question goes beyond a single fight. Dempsey's bout ushered in the Roaring Twenties, America's fascination with celebrity and the golden age of championship sports. Tukufu Zuberi leads HISTORY DETECTIVES to weigh in on the case in Reno, Nevada, and New York City, sorting truth from myth to determine which clues ring true. 60 minutes.

521 __|a Middle school to adult.

546 __|a Closed captioned for the hearing impaired.

600 10|a Jefferson, Thomas, |d 1743-1826 |x Influence

600 10|a Dempsey, Jack, |d 1895-1983

610 20|a Grand Army of the Republic

650 _0|a Education |z United States |x History |y 19th century.

650 _0|a Boxing |z United States |x History |y 20th century.

651 _0|a United States |x Race relations |x History |y 19th century.

700 1_|a Cowan, Wes

700 1_|a Luray, Elyse

700 1_|a Wright, Gwendolyn

700 1_|a Zuberi, Tukufu

710 2_|a PBS

710 2_|a Oregon Public Broadcasting

710 2_|a Lion Television Ltd.

856 42|a http://www.pbs.org/opb/historydetectives/investigations/503_garphotograph.html

856 42|a http://www.pbs.org/opb/historydetectives/investigations/503_jeffersonpledge.html

856 42|a http://www.pbs.org/opb/historydetectives/investigations/503_dempseybell.html