245 04|a The war / |c a Ken Burns film. |n Episode 103, |p a deadly calling.

260 __|a Arlington, VA : |b PBS, |c 2007.

500 __|a Copyright permission expires 09/25/08.

500 __|a Title from web site description.

508 __|a Directed and produced by Ken Burns and Lynn Novick.

511 0_|a Narrator, Keith David.

520 __|a THE WAR, a new seven-part documentary series directed and produced by Ken Burns and Lynn Novick, explores the history and horror of the Second World War from an American perspective by following the fortunes of so-called ordinary men and women who become caught up in one of the greatest cataclysms in human history.
103 - "A Deadly Calling" - Despite American victories in the Solomons and New Guinea, the Japanese empire still stretches 4,000 miles. In November 1943, on the Pacific atoll of Tarawa, the Marines set out to prove that any island can be taken by all-out frontal assault. Back home, the public is devastated by color newsreel footage of the furious battle and grows more determined to do what's necessary to hasten the end of the war.
Mobile, Sacramento and Waterbury have been transformed into booming, overcrowded "war towns"; in Mobile this leads to confrontation and racial violence.
African Americans, serving in the segregated armed forces, demand equal rights; the military reluctantly agrees to some changes. Many blacks, including John Gray and Willie Rushton of Mobile, join the Marine Corps and train for combat, but most are assigned to service jobs. Japanese-American men, originally designated "enemy aliens," are permitted to form a special segregated unit, the 442nd Regimental Combat Team. In Hawaii and the internment camps, thousands sign up, including Robert Kashiwagi, Susumu Satow and Tim Tokuno of Sacramento.
In Italy, Allied forces are stalled in the mountains south of Rome, unable to break through the German lines at Monte Cassino. The killing goes on all winter and spring as the enemy manages to fight off repeated Allied attacks. A risky landing at Anzio ends in utter failure; thousands of Allied troops, including Babe Ciarlo of Waterbury, are exposed to enemy fire and unable to advance for months.
On June 4, Allied soldiers liberate Rome. But in heading towards the city, they fail to capture the retreating German army, which takes up new positions on the Adolf Hitler line north of Rome. Meanwhile, the greatest test for the Allies - the long-delayed invasion of France - is now just days away. 120 minutes.

521 __|a High school to adult.

546 __|a Closed captioned for the hearing impaired.

650 _0|a World War, 1939-1945.

700 1_|a Burns, Ken, |d 1953-

700 1_|a Novick, Lynn

700 1_|a David, Keith

710 2_|a Florentine Films

710 2_|a WETA-TV (Television station : Washington, D.C.)

710 2_|a PBS

856 42|a http://www.pbs.org/thewar/