WordGirl: Cultivating Mischief! Synonyms and Antonyms
Learning Goal: Students will learn to distinguish "synonyms" and "antonyms" by creating a paper tree for each concept using new vocabulary words.
Subjects: Language Arts
WordGirl's extensive vocabulary helps her to get out of sticky situations and solve difficult problems. She knows that it's not enough to know only one word to describe a thing; she often has a variety of synonyms and antonyms at her disposal. This lesson focuses on the collection of new words for a richer, stronger vocabulary. Students will be introduced to synonyms and antonyms through the use of a class "Synonym Tree" and "Antonym Tree."
- Students will experience and appreciate the richness of words.
- Students will become familiar with the terms "synonym" and "antonym".
- Students will be encouraged to actively participate in word identification.
- Students will practice using new words in context .
- Students will work together to identify synonyms and antonyms.
- Bulletin board reserved for a Synonym Tree and an Antonym Tree
- Green construction paper, cut out in the shape of leaves
- Brown construction paper, cut out in the shape of 2 large trees with branches
- A container to put the “leaves” in
- Tacks, to attach the leaves to the tree branches
- PREPARATION: In advance, cut out 16 green leaves. In marker, write down the following words (and associated clues for the more difficult words) on each leaf:
Suggested Synonyms and Clues:
- naughty (clue: Tobey's behavior is bad.)
- unruly (clue: He was impossible to control.)
- willful (clue: She's determined to have her own way.)
- rascal (clue: A synonym for "naughty")
- sly (clue: Granny Mae is sly because she's clever and tricky.)
- troublesome (clue: The Butcher causes a lot of problems!)
- teasing (clue: I enjoyed teasing my sister by making fun of her.)
- rowdy (clue: That's sure a loud group of kids!)
Suggested Antonyms and Clues:
- good (clue: An antonym for “bad”)
- well-behaved (clue: Violet is a well-behaved art student.)
- aiding (clue: Eugene is aiding Granny May in robbing people.)
- helpful (clue: Captain Huggy Face is always helpful to WordGirl.)
- dutiful (clue: He feels he should.)
- obedient (clue: She follows the rules!)
- trustworthy (clue: (You can depend on WordGirl!)
- harmless (clue: They would never hurt you.)
- Print up a master class list of synonyms and antonyms on the word trees. Ask students to use at least ten of them in a written description of one of the WordGirl characters. Share this with the class.
- Encourage students to continue collecting synonym and antonym leaves for the two trees. Use different root words, such as: "frustrating", "ultimate," "flabbergasted," or "distracted." These words were also presented on WordGirl.
- Invite students to write a dialogue with a partner, including as many synonyms and antonyms, as possible. Perform these for the class.
Related National Standards
Language Arts standards as established by McREL at: http://www.mcrel.org/standards-benchmarks/