Robert Kashiwagi was born Feb 11, 1919, in Hayward, California, and grew up 15 miles from Sacramento, in Knights Landing, where his father was foreman on a large rice farm. After graduating from Woodland High School in 1937 he went to work on the farm. His draft number came up in October 1941 but he was rejected because he had contracted a lung infection, "San Joaquin Valley Fever." He was sent to a sanitarium in Colfax to recuperate, and was still there when Executive Order 9066 was signed. Although he was bedridden, Kashiwagi went home and was evacuated in May, along with his family. They were eventually sent to Camp Amache in Granada, California.
Kashiwagi remained bedridden for a year in the camp, where he received minimal medical attention. When the recruiters for the 442nd Regimental Combat Team came through, and presented Kashiwagi and the other internees with a loyalty questionnaire, he balked, incensed that the only branch of service open to him was the infantry. He did eventually decide to volunteer, as did his two brothers, George and Ichiro.
Kashiwagi was sent to Mississippi for training and immediately found himself confused and upset by the Jim Crow laws of the South. In the summer of 1944, Kashiwagi , now a scout in Company K, 3rd Battalion, arrived in Italy and went into combat north of Rome. He was wounded by shrapnel on July 17 1944 when his company was caught in an artillery barrage. After three months, Kashiwagi and the 442nd/100th were sent to the Vosges Mountains in Southern France. There, Kashiwagi took part in the bloody campaigns to take the town of Bruyeres, and to rescue the "Lost Battalion," where he was hit by shrapnel twice. Kashiwagi's company was decimated; they had begun with 186 men, but only 17 emerged on foot. All the rest were dead or wounded or missing.
Early in November 1944, Kashiwagi was wounded again, in the hand and foot, and this time he was taken off the line and sent to a hospital in England. He eventually returned to the United States and was discharged in early 1946. He arrived in Sacramento only to discover that his parents, having been released from Camp Amache, had nowhere to go and were living at Camp Kohler, paying room and board to the United States government for the privilege. He quickly got a job at the California Division of Highways and worked there for 32 years. Kashiwagi married Lillian Miyeko Asoo after the war, and has three children.