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French and Indian War Timeline

1753

French troops from Canada march south; seize and fortify the Ohio Valley. Britain protests the invasion and claims Ohio for itself.

1754

Ensign de Jumonville and a third of his escort is killed by a British patrol led by George Washington. In retaliation the French and the Indians defeat the British at Fort Necessity. Washington surrenders after losing one-third of his force.

1755

The British implement a plan to defeat the French. Moncton successfully captures Fort Beausejour, Major General Edward Braddock troops are defeated in the Battle of the Monongahela, and William Johnson’s troops stop the French advance at Lake George.

1756

The Seven Years' War begins as Great Britain declares war on France expanding the North American conflict to Europe, Africa, Asia and South America.

1757

The French led by Montcalm capture Fort William Henry. Following the surrender, Montcalm’s actions angers his Indian allies who capture or kill hundreds of unarmed British.

1758

William Pitt implements cooperative policies toward colonial legislatures to receive more colonial support for the war, the Treaty of Easton is signed with the Six Nations, and the British take control of the Forks of the Ohio.

1759

French surrender Quebec after a battle outside the city on the Plains of Abraham.

1760

The British capture Montreal ending the conflict in North America.

1763

February 10: The Treaty of Paris ends the war between Britain and France.

April: Ottawa Chief Pontiac unites many American Indian nations in an effort to drive British off their land. Colonel Henry Bouquet leads the British army and defeats Native American forces at Bushy Run.

October 7: King George III signs the Proclamation of 1763 reserving land west of the Allegheny Mountains for Indians.

1764

The British Sugar Act is amended to tax the American colonies.

1765

April: Sugar Act and the Currency Act protests. Many colonists refuse to use imported English goods. Many colonists refuse to use imported English goods. Seeds of unrest are sown that will eventually lead to the American Revolution.