Patricia Sosa Francesca  Chambers Jacki Zehner
Angelina Jolie Phyllis Schlafly Sandra Day O'Connor
Dorothy Height Cokie  Roberts Ellen Tauscher
Amy  Siskind Cynthia Nixon Kim Gandy
Saba Ahmed Camille Pagilla Jane Goodall
Rep. Tammy Duckworth (D-IL) Rina  Shah Lynda Weinman
Eleanor  Smeal Elaine Chao Gretchen Hamel
Carrie Lukas Jill Filipovic Joy-Anne Reid

Past Programs

Summaries of To the Contrary's shows from 1996 to present are listed. You can also watch full episodes from 2010 to the present online here.

Click on a year below to see a list of that year's shows.

« Past Programs Main

Look Ahead

Date: 12/22/1995
Program Number: 440
Panelists: Irene Natividad, Josette Shiner, Anita Perez Ferguson, Jan Parshall

Featured Topics:

• Politics – and how the changing political scene will effect women and children. Two stories are sure to top the headlines in ’96: the Presidential elction, and the question of what will become of the GOP Revolution

• While political issues are constantly in the national spotlight during an election year, nothing hits closer to home than social concerns. Welfare reform, race relations, the changing culture – these are the issues that will touch your life in 1996

• O.K time to put all of you on the spot. One hope for 1996?

Look Back

Date: 12/15/1995
Program Number: 439
Panelists: Irene Natividad, JJosette Stiner, Susan Au Allen, Elanor Holmes Norton

Featured Topics:

• Parental responsibility is the talk of the nation. A total of thirteen children were found left alone and in horrible conditions in Chicago this week. Four women have been charged in the two incidents, and all the children have been taken into state custody. The “home alone” syndrome brings up the basics of what parents must be responsible for – food, shelter, safety. Meanwhile, a separate episode in South Carolina poses the opposite question: How much are parents responsible for their children’s actions? Deborah Harter will spend her holidays leading her fifteen-year-old daughter on a two-foot chain – to school, around the house, even to bed. The senesce was handed down by a judge, after the girl repeatedly got into trouble with the law. He did it as an alternative to sending her to a detention center.

• Behind the headlines, the Year in Review. Revolution in Washington. Tragedy in the heartland,. 1995 was certainly a year of dramatic social and political upheavals.

• Lawyer Rosalie Osias has discovered a provocative new way to drum up business; it includes leather shorts, a cowboy hat, and plenty of innuendo. Before the ads appeared, Osias was virtually shut out of the predominantly male mortgage- banking industry. She says she’s a smart lawyer whether she wears slacks or a min-skirt, and business is certainly booming, but we have to query what kind of business.

Women and Depression

Date: 12/08/1995
Program Number: 438
Panelists: Karen Dewitt, Jan Parshall, Elaine Shannon, Adrianne Washington

Featured Topics:

• With whites accused of murdering two blacks in North Carolina and a black man launching a commando style raid on a white-owned department store in New York, are race relations getting to the breaking point?

• Representative Enid Waldholtz and her husband went before a federal grand jury investing financial irregularities surrounding her 1994 campaign. Earlier in the week, the Republican Congresswoman from Utah held a marathon news conference declaring that she had been duped by her husband. In a tearful voice, Waldholtz said she was an unwitting victim, blinded by love into entrusting Joe Waldholtz with her campaign finances.

• Behind the headlines, women and depression. Kay Redfield Jamison is an international authority on manic depression illness, and one of the few women full professors of medicine at an American university. In her book “An Uniquiet Mind” Jamison reveals her own struggle with manic depression.

Romania/ Privatization

Date: 12/01/1995
Program Number: 437
Panelists: Lynn Martin, Julianne Maleveaux, Anita Perez Ferguson, Josette Shiner

Featured Topics:

• House speaker Newt Gingrich is under an ethics cloud. Is the man who led the Republican Revolution about to destroy it?

• The head of the Los Angeles chapter of the national Organization for women is being asked by the group’s President, Patricia Ireland, to apologize for allegedly racist comments. Following the acquittal of O.L. Simpson, Tammy Buce repeatedly downplayed racism in her attempts to highlight the importance of domestic violence. On Nightline she said – quote- “What we need to teach our children is not about racism but is about violence against women” Bruce also allegedly told a Philadelphia talk show producer that she did not, quote “have time to argue with a bunch of black women; we’ve moved beyond that”, end quote.

• Located in picturesque Romanian village, Maria Lazarescu started a company that exports ladies garments around the world. She told me about her experiences being one of a growing number of Easter European women succeeding under the new rules.

Women and Privacy with Caroline Kennedy and Ellen Alderman

Date: 11/24/1995
Program Number: 436
Panelists: Anita Perez Ferguson, Jan PArshall, Julianne Malveaux, Elaine Shannon

Featured Topics:

• Pat Schroeder, long a champion of women’s rights, announces retirement after 24 years in Congress

• Dorothy Height, President of National Council of Negro Women, plans to open special centers in DC geared toward empowerment of African American women and focused on nurturing future Africa-American women leaders

• Caroline Kennedy and Ellen Alderman discuss their new book, “The Right to Privacy,” which examines some of the specific implications for women of privacy violation – in the workplace, commercial/consumer arena, medical records, etc. Privacy is not protected under the U.S. Constitution

Chinese Women

Date: 11/18/1995
Program Number: 434

Featured Topics:

  • The United States government shuts down; hundreds of thousands of nonessential workers are sent home
  • Congresswoman Endid Waldholtz’s husband has disappeared and allegedly drained the couple’s bank accounts of nearly two million dollars
  • Despite cultural and economic obstacles, professional women in China are making great strides
  • Chinese women: Doctors politicians and businesswomen say Americans have the wrong impression of what it’s like to be a woman in their country

Welfare Reform

Date: 11/10/1995
Program Number: 433
Panelists: Julianne Malveaux, Lynn Martin, Harriett Woods, Susan Au Allen

Featured Topics:

  • General Colin Powell retreats on a run for the Presidency and Democrats show renewed vitality in local elections – even in the South
  • Leah Rabin, the bereaved widow of Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, blames radical right rhetoric for her husband’s assassination
  • Welfare reform
  • We’ll examine some of the measures being taken to “end welfare as we know it” – including the Virginia plan, which pledges to find hobs for everyone taken off the dole.

Welfare Reform

Date: 11/10/1995
Program Number: 433
Panelists: Julianne Malveaux, Lynn Martin, Harriett Woods, Susan Au Allen

Featured Topics:

• General Colin Powell retreats on a run for the Presidency and Democrats show renewed vitality in local elections – even in the South

• Leah Rabin, the bereaved widow of Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, blames radical right rhetoric for her husband’s assassination

• Welfare reform

• We’ll examine some of the measures being taken to “end welfare as we know it” – including the Virginia plan, which pledges to find hobs for everyone taken off the dole.

The Women’s Vote

Date: 11/03/1995
Program Number: 432
Panelists: Anita Perez Ferguson, Elaine Shannon, Susan Au Allen, Karen DeWitt

Featured Topics:

  • A nationwide effort is launched to persuade more women to go to the polls and vote next November
  • The House bans a rarely used abortion method. This is the first time in more than two decades that Congress has tried to enact criminal penalties for doctors who perform abortions
  • “English Only”: Congress launches hearings on the national debate over whether English should be our official language
  • A large group of national women’s organizations launched Women’s Vote ’96 this week, in response to the ’94 elections, in which fewer than half of all eligible women voted. Their goal is to march the 1992 women’s voter turnout.

GOP Women

Date: 10/27/1995
Program Number: 431
Panelists: Jan Parshall, Anita Perez Ferguson, Josette Shiner, Susan Au Allen

Teen Pregnancy

Date: 10/18/1995
Program Number: 430
Panelists: Jan Parshall, Lynn Matin, Julianne Malveaux, Irene Natividad

Featured Topics:

  • The House passes the Republican Medicare plan
  • A Study just released highlights successful programs to help girls achieve in the “boy’s” world of math and science
  • Teen pregnancy and sex education in public schools
  • Social critics see unwed teen pregnancies as one of the greatest social ills of our rime. “Best Friends” is a group in a junior high school devoted to help keep children from having children.

Equl Opp. w/Rep. Donald Payne & the Million Man March

Date: 10/13/1995
Program Number: 429
Panelists: Adrienne Washington, Karen DeWitt, Irene Natividad, Harriett Woods

Featured Topics:

  • The Million Man March is set to descend on Washington D.C
  • The American Academy of Pediatrics wants to guarantee mothers and babies at least two days in the hospital after childbirth\
  • Supreme Court heard arguments this week to determine whether or not Colorado’s controversial Amendment 2 is Constitutional.
  • Rep. Donald Payne, Chair of the Congressional Black Caucus discuss the Million Man March and whether the march will have a healing effect

Educational Choice

Date: 10/06/1995
Program Number: 428
Panelists: Jan Parshall, Karen DeWitt, Julianne Malveaux, Irene Natividad

Featured Topics:

  • Hoping the Simpson trial would spotlight domestic violence, but one juror says that it was irrelevant in this case
  • The Pope’s visits makes divisions within the Catholic church
  • Vouchers, charter schools, and privatization – buzzwords of school reform
  • Critics fear educational choice may spell disaster for those left behind in traditional public schools.

Equal Opportunity with Andrew Kimbrell

Date: 09/29/1995
Program Number: 427
Panelists: Julianne Malveaux, Elaine Shannon, Jan Parshall, Karen DeWitt

Featured Topics:

  • The O.J Simpson trial finally goes to the jury
  • Ross Perot announces the formation of a third party to challenge Republicans and Democrats in the 1996 presidential campaign
  • Hillary Rodham Clinton speaks out about health care and the GOP reform
  • Author Andrew Kimbrell discusses his book, The Masculine Mystique and what he calls the “no-option make”

Romanian Orphanages

Date: 09/22/1995
Program Number: 426
Panelists: Lynn Martin, Susan Au Allen, Elaine Shannon, Anta Perez Ferguson

Featured Topics:

  • “Showgirls” opens to a wide audience – the first major studio backed release rated NC-17
  • Divorcees in Texas can now receive alimony and becomes the last state in the union to permit alimony
  • International adoption
  • We travel to Bucharest to find out why it is such a popular source for adoptive children

Conference Newmaker: Benazir Bhutto

Date: 09/15/1995
Program Number: 425
Panelists: Julianne Malveaux, Irene natividad, Jan Parshall, Susan Au Allen

Featured Topics:

  • Welfare debate heats up – making headlines, child care and benefits for women who have another child while on welfare
  • While women have made great strides in the workplace, many working women are pessimistic about their progress
  • The Fourth World Conference on Women concluded this week with an adoption of the Platform for Action – sexual rights now are called human rights
  • Pakistani Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto speaks about her speech at the Conference and about being the preeminent woman in the male stronghold of international politics.

UN Conference on Women in Beijing

Date: 09/08/1995
Program Number: 424
Panelists: Irene Natividad, Eleanore Holmes-Norton, Josette Shiner, Jan Parshall

Featured Topics:

  • The resignation of Oregon Republican Senator Bob Packwood
  • First Lady Hillary Clinton’s controversial appearance at the conference
  • Grassroots advocacy groups meet at the NGO, or non-governmental forum
  • Interivews with Pakistani Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto; the leader of the Vatican delegation, Mary Ann Glendon, and Health and Human Services Secretary Donna Shalala; and other women at eh Conference

Labor Day Special

Date: 09/01/1995
Program Number: 423
Panelists: Julianne Malveaux, Harriet Woods, Lynn Martin, Susan Au Allen

Featured Topics:

  • Special edition: In honor of Labor Day, focus on women workers and some of the issues they face in today’s workplace
  • Blue-collar women: while women in the 70’s paved the way for today’s female construction workers and plant managers, blue-collar women may now he losing ground
  • Who cares for the children? As more women work second shifts or night shifts, finding adequate child care becomes the working mother’s nightmare

Girls and Self Esteem

Date: 08/25/1995
Program Number: 422
Panelists: Irene Nativdad, Elaine Shannon, Jan Parshall, Helen Alvare

Featured Topics:

  • The countdown begins for the Fourth World Conference on Women
  • On August 26th, 1920, the 19th Amendment was ratified, giving American women the right to vote – celebrations and commemorations
  • Women, sports and self-esteem
  • Interview with women boy builders – do sports do a lot to dispel the stereotype of women as the weaker sex?

Equal Opportunity with Ellis Cose

Date: 08/18/1995
Program Number: 421
Panelists: Irene Natividad, Elaine Shannon, Jan Parshall, Susan Au Allen

Featured Topics:

  • America’s political gender gap - women on the left and men on the right
  • Shannon Faulkner enters as cadet at Citadel, and was one of six cadets to faint in 100-degree heat during Hell Week
  • United Nations issues report on women’s opportunity worldwide – U.S. ranks fifth behind Sweden, Finland, Norwary and Denmark
  • Author Ellis Cose - Part two of our interview. He discusses how men and women differ in their views on affirmative action

Newsmaker: Rep. Cynthia McKinney

Date: 08/11/1995
Program Number: 420
Panelists: Julianne Malveaux, Harriett Woods, Lynn Martin, Susan Au Allen

Featured Topics:

  • Republican Sen. Bob Packwood, Democratic Congressman Mel Reynolds and Republican House Leader Newt Gingrich in the spotlight on Capitol Hill: Sexual misconduct and dubious judgment?
  • Mike Tyson is out of prison and into the ring, several players with New Orleans Saints are under investigation for alleged sexual assault
  • Redistricting
  • Interview with Rep. Cynthia McKinney. The Supreme Court last month declared Georgia’s 11th Congressional District invalid, while Georgia legislature decides whether or not to hold a special election that may cost McKinney her seat.

Women in Hollywood

Date: 08/04/1995
Program Number: 419
Panelists: Jan Parshall, Michele Dyson, Elaine Shannon, Julianne Malveaux

Featured Topics:

  • Attempts fail to open Ethics Committee hearings into sexual harassment allegations against Senator Bob Packwood
  • A teen pregnancy survey shows men who father out of wedlock are considerably older than the teenage girls they impregnate
  • Women actress/producers and their responsibility for the messages we get from the silver screen
  • Actress Sharon Gless, a.k.a Cristen Cagney, discusses the miles available to women in Hollywood and how age plays a part in the type of roles women actresses are offered

Equal Opportunity with Eliss Cose

Date: 07/28/1995
Program Number: 418
Panelists: Julianne Malveaux, Betsy Hart, Michelle Dysone, Harriett Woods

Featured Topics:

  • Susan Smith trial – is the death penalty sexist?
  • Waco hearings: FBI agents testify; Whietwater: First Lady’s Chief of Staff Maggie William’s testimony is questioned
  • House passes bill that would change EPA regulations
  • Author Ellis Cose discusses gender wars in the 90’s.

Women Mentors

Date: 07/21/1995
Program Number: 417
Panelists: Gerldine Ferraro, Elearnor Holmes Norton, Susan Au Allen, Betsy Hart

Featured Topics:

  • California votes to dismantle state university preference programs
  • Deterioration of US-China relations has some lawmakers calling for a US boycott of the upcoming UN Conference on Women in Beijing
  • The opportunities for girls may be expanding, but many experts believe what girls need are caring women to guide them.
  • Interview with former astronaut and education advocate Mae Jemison, and founders of the Young Women of Dunbar mentor program and the importance of mentoring girls

Families in America

Date: 07/14/1995
Program Number: 416
Panelists: Jan Parshall, Irene Nativdad, Jalianne Malveaux, Lynn Martin

Featured Topics:

  • A clear definition of family no longer exists, and debate over families and family values has reached new heights
  • The Gayby Boom is a term coined to refer to the number of children born to or adopted by homosexual couples since 80’s
  • Children of divorce
  • More than half of all marriages in U.S. end in divorce. As families break-up more emphasis is being placed on minimizing the harmful effects of divorce on children

Women and Health Studies

Date: 07/07/1995
Program Number: 415
Panelists: Antonia Novello, Irene Natividad, Elaine Shannon, Lynn Martin

Featured Topics:

  • Senator Jess Helms vows to reduce the amount of Federal $ spent on people with AIDS; Center for Disease Control recommends all pregnant women he voluntarily tested for AIDS virus
  • Early findings of an ongoing national study shows that mandatory welfare to work programs work
  • Women and health
  • Men have been the medical model, making up the bulk of participants in health studies and research programs. But women’s haalth advocates say women pay dearly for being left out of research.

Men Are Not Cost Effective

Date: 06/30/1995
Program Number: 414
Panelists: Julianne Malveaux, Jan Parshall, Harriett Woods, Susan Au Allen

Featured Topics:

  • Supreme Court finishes term with rulings on free speech and drug testing
  • An error at Dutch fertility clinic results in birth of twins boys- one white and one black
  • The cost of crime
  • Author June Stephenson has an idea for a gender tax on men to balance the high cost of crime- an essentially male pursuit. Men outnumber women in prison by 94 to 6

Each Opportunity with Ralph Reed

Date: 06/23/1995
Program Number: 413
Panelists: Irene Natividad, Elaine Shannon, Betsy Hart, Susan Au Allen

Featured Topics:

  • Vatican defends motherhood at upcoming UN Conference on Women
  • Senate filibuster defeats Clinton’s choice for Surgeon General
  • Felony convictions behind then, Mike Tyson and Darryl Strawberry reclaim the spotlight

Family Frindly Businesses

Date: 06/16/1995
Program Number: 412
Panelists: Harriett Woods, Irene Natividad, Josette Shiner, Michele Dyson

Featured Topics:

  • Congress wants computer chips that block out video programming installed in tv sets by manufacturers
  • Supreme Court casts doubt on the constitutionality of federal affirmative action programs
  • Companies that help working fathers
  • Many large companies are encouraging dads to take time off to care for family. Here we look at one such program at AT&T


Date: 06/09/1995
Program Number: 411
Panelists: Julianne Malveaux, Irene Natividad, Jan Parshall, Lynn Martin

Featured Topics:

  • Panel recommends reducing annual level of legal immigration by one-third
  • Philip Morris agrees to take down cigarette ads in sports arenas; new studies undermines company’s position that nicotine should not be regulated as a drug
  • Who should patrol the information superhighway?
  • Cyberspace Porn: pornography on the internet

National Endowment for the Arts

Date: 06/02/1995
Program Number: 410
Panelists: Camille Pagila, Deborag Mathis, Susuan Au Allen, Elaine Shannon

Featured Topics:

  • Clinton decides what to do with administrative review of affirmative action programs
  • Oregon town responds to juvenile crime by taking parents to court
  • NEA battles over government funding
  • Newsmaker interview with Jane Alexander and Christopher Reeve

Equal Opportunity with Jesse Jackson

Date: 05/26/1995
Program Number: 409
Panelists: Lynn Martin, Eleanor Holmes-Norton, Elaine Shannon, Susan Au Allen

Featured Topics:

  • Penn. Ave closes, Marrah building comes down, 4h attack on White House- is the nation overreacting to threats off violence and terrorism?
  • Should the UN Conference on Women be moved from Beiging?
  • MD governor Paris Glendenning signed into law a bill guaranteeing new mothers the right to stay in the hospital 49 hours after giving birth.
  • Jesse Jackson talks about how gender affects one’s view of race and multi-culturalism

Sexual Harassment Campaigns

Date: 05/19/1995
Program Number: 408
Panelists: Michele Dyson, Harriett Woods, Betsy Hart, Irene Natividad

Featured Topics:

  • Clinton threatens to veto House and Senate Republicans cuts and raise tariffs on thirteen models of Japanese imports
  • The Christian Coalition unveils the “Contract with the American family”
  • Sexual Harassment in Corporate America
  • Coporate America takes the lead on sexual harassment on the job; their goal is to protect female employees and themselves

Hanan Ashrawi

Date: 05/12/1995
Program Number: 407
Panelists: Jan Parshall, Julianne Malveauz, Susan Au Allen, Elaine Shannon

Featured Topics:

  • Alabama brings back chain gags and face lawsuit by inmate
  • Whirlpool Foundation study says women are increasingly both breadwinners and caretakers in society
  • Hanan Ashrawi
  • Interview with former PLO spokeswoman Ashrawi who offers an insider’s view of the historic handshake on the White House lawn

Women-Owned Businesses

Date: 05/05/1995
Program Number: 406
Panelists: Betsy Hart, Elaine Shannon, Karen DeWitt, Irene Natividad

Featured Topics:

  • Medicare · Breast Cancer
  • Female bosses of the ‘90’s
  • Interviews with women who own businesses and how to start your own businesses

Equal Opportunity with Ed Rollins

Date: 04/28/1995
Program Number: 405
Panelists: Julianne Malveauz, Elaine Shannon, Linda Chavez, Betsy Hart

Featured Topics:

  • · Oklahoma bombing – blame placed on right-winged talk shows?
  • Henry Foster’s nomination for Surgeon General still in hot debate
  • Older Women’s League releases report that older women are still living in poverty
  • Campaigning with Ed Rollins
  • Campaign manager Ed Rollins compares and contrasts men and women on the campaign trail

Women and the Enviroment

Date: 04/21/1995
Program Number: 404
Panelists: Irene Nabiad, Elaine Shannon, Jan Parshall, Karen DeWitt

Featured Topics:

  • Oklahoma federal building bombed; terrorism from inside or outside the country?
  • Tansy Ciller, prime minister of Turkey, visits US and refuses to withdraw troops from Iraq
  • 25th anniversary of Earth Day
  • Interview with U.N. Environmental Program President Elizabeth Dowdeswell on women and the enviromen

Women in Science

Date: 04/07/1995
Program Number: 402
Panelists: Irene Navidad, Jan Parshall, Hariett Woods, Susan Au Allen

Featured Topics:

  • Republicans celebrate first hundred days with passing $189 billion tax cut
  • Debate over affirmative action heats up again
  • Women in science
  • “Hard” sciences are traditionally a male domain. Interviews with female scientists- one who works on Hubble Space Telescope for NASA

Newsmaker: Arken Spector

Date: 03/31/1995
Program Number: 401
Panelists: Julianne Malveaux, Linda Chavez, Betsy Hart, Elaine Shannon

Featured Topics:

  • Jim Brady launches a national campaign to fight for gun control
  • Hillary Clinton in Asia: giving women a stronger voice
  • The race for the GOP presidential elections
  • Newsmaker interview with Pennsylvania Senator Arden Specter, the latest entrant into the race for the GOP presidential elections

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