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Unforgivable Blackness: A Film Directed by Ken Burns

About the Film Rebel of the Progressive Era Sparring The Fight of the Century Knockout Ghost in the House For Teachers
About the Film
Episode Synopses

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Ken Burns

Paul Barnes

David Schaye

The Music

Production Credits

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Production Credits
A Film Directed by
KEN BURNS

Written by
GEOFFREY C. WARD

Produced by
DAVID SCHAYE
PAUL BARNES
KEN BURNS

Edited by
PAUL BARNES (Episode One)
ERIK EWERS (Episode Two)


Cinematography
BUDDY SQUIRES
STEPHEN McCARTHY

Original Music Composed by
WYNTON MARSALIS

Associate Producer
SUSANNA STEISEL

Coordinating Producer
PAM TUBRIDY BAUCOM

Narrated by
KEITH DAVID

Voice of Jack Johnson
SAMUEL L. JACKSON

Other Voices
ADAM ARKIN
PHILIP BOSCO
CAROLYN McCORMICK
KEVIN CONWAY
BRIAN COX
JOHN CULLUM
MURPHY GUYER
ED HARRIS
DEREK JACOBI
CARL LUMBLY
AMY MADIGAN
JOE MORTON
ALAN RICKMAN
STUDS TERKEL
JACK THOMPSON
BILLY BOB THORNTON
COURTNEY B. VANCE
ELI WALLACH
JEFFREY WRIGHT

Sound Recording
BRENDA RAY
JOHN OSBORNE

Assistant Editors
SEAN HUFF
DANIEL J. WHITE

Additional Archival Research
MIKE HILL

Post-Production Associates
MARGARET SHEPARDSON-LEGERE
JENNIFER STANELLE

Senior Creative Consultant
GEOFFREY C. WARD

Program Advisors
GERALD EARLY
RANDY ROBERTS
NATHAN WARD
JEFFREY T. SAMMONS
WILLIAM E. LEUCHTENBURG
HARRY SHAFFER
MARTIN STEIN
DAYTON DUNCAN
LYNN NOVICK
JULIE DUNFEY
TIM CLARK
TRICIA REIDY

Chief Financial Officer
BRENDA HEATH

Associate Financial Officer
PATTY LAWLOR

Administrative Assistants
ELLE CARRIERE
MEG ANNE SCHINDLER

Technical Director
SEAN HUFF

Dialog Editor
ERIK EWERS

Music Editor
JACOB RIBICOFF

Sound Effects Editor
SEAN HUFF

Foley Artist
MARKO A. COSTANZO

Foley Mixer
GEORGE A. LARA

Foley Assistant
DAVID J. WARZYNSKI

Assistant Sound Editors
RYAN GIFFORD
DANIEL WARD
DANIEL J. WHITE

Sound Post-Production
SOUND ONE

Re-Recording Mixer
DOMINIC TAVELLA

Assistant Camera
ANTHONY SAVINI
ANTONIO ROSSI

Production Assistant
FRED UDELL

Animation Stand Photography
THE FRAME SHOP
EDWARD JOYCE and EDWARD SEARLES

Still Photography
DEBORAH LOHRKE

Digital Imaging DANIEL J. WHITE

Voice-Over Recording
LOU VERRICO
FULL HOUSE PRODUCTIONS, New York City
MICHAEL KLINGER
WAVES, Hollywood, CA
MIKE McAULIFFE
BAD ANIMALS, Seattle, WA
DAVE PEACOCK
THE SOUND COMPANY, London, England
MARTIN FITZPATRICK
STELLAR SOUND STUDIO, Sydney, Australia

Post-Production Interns JESSIE ANDERSON
LISA BRENNAN-JOBS
KATIE BURNS
MELANIE CUNNINGHAM
WILLIAM DAY
PAUL DOCHERTY
ADAM FRUCCI
RYAN GIFFORD
BERNADETTE GUNN
REBECCA HOLUB
JONATHAN LEGERE
DAVE LYNCH
KATHERINE O'TOOLE
BRIAN PUTNAM
REBECCA RIDEOUT
ADAM RISSOLO
DONNA RIVERS
JACOB SERLEN
ELIZABETH SERU
ELIZABETH WAYBRIGHT

Negative Matching
NOELLE PENRAAT

Title Design
JAMES MADDEN
CHRISTIAN D. BRUUN

Color
DUART FILM LABS

Spirit Data Cine Film Transfer
TECHNICOLOR CREATIVE SERVICES
JOHN J. DOWDELL III

On-Line Editing
TECHNICOLOR CREATIVE SERVICES
CECIL HOOKER

Legal Services
ROBERT N. GOLD
THOMAS LEVY
ART LEVY

Original Score Compositions by Wynton Marsalis
Ghost in the House
The Galveston Rag (Smooth Goods)
The Galveston Rag (Choynski's Rag)
The Galveston Rag (The Golden Smile)
The Galveston Rag (Brunette in a Blond Town)
But Deep Down...
Trouble (The Battle Royal)
Trouble (A Hard Man to Handle)
Trouble (The Accusation)
Trouble (The Arrest)
Trouble (The Verdict)
Love and Hate
Mourning Song
Cold, Cold Ground
Courtesy of Skayne's Music

New Wynton Marsalis Arrangements
"Rosewood (Instrumental Version)" and "Rosewood (Reprise)"
Written by Wynton Marsalis
Courtesy of Skayne's Music

"Smokehouse Blues"
Written by Charlie Luke
Courtesy of Edwin H. Morris & Company
A Division of MPL Communications, Inc.


"Sidewalk Blues"
Written by Jelly Roll Morton and Walter Melrose
Courtesy of Edwin H. Morris & Company
A Division of MPL Communications, Inc.


"High Society"
Written by Porter Steele and Luther Henderson, Jr.

"Weary Blues"
Written by Artie Matthews, George Cates and Mort Greene

"We'll Meet Again"
Written by Paul Barbarin
Courtesy of Contemporary Music Co.

Musicians for Original Score and New Arrangements
WESS ANDERSON, Saxophone
VICTOR GOINES, Tenor Saxophone, Clarinet
WYCLIFFE GORDON, Trombone, Tuba
ERIC LEWIS, Piano, Percussion
WYNTON MARSALIS, Trumpet
HERLIN RILEY, Drums, Percussion
REGINALD VEAL, Bass
DOUG WAMBLE, Guitar, Banjo

Music Produced by
DELFEAYO MARSALIS
PAUL BARNES
KEN BURNS

Music Recorded at
RIGHT TRACK STUDIO, New York, NY
SANDY PALMER GRASSI, Engineer

Music Edited and Mixed at
GLENWOOD PLACE STUDIOS, Burbank, CA
PATRICK L. SMITH, Engineer

Music Rehearsal Studio
CARROLL'S MUSIC, New York, NY

Staff for Wynton Marsalis Enterprises
GENEVIEVE STEWART, Vice President, Administration
ISOBEL ALLEN-FLOYD, Project Manager
DENNIS JETER, Production Coordinator
ANDREW FARBER, Music Transcription
SUSAN JOHN, Manager, Programming & Concert Operations
RAYMOND MURPHY, Road Manager

Music from Wynton Marsalis' Reel Time
"Rattlesnake Tail Swing"
"Elgin Mills"
"Eyes Around the Corner"
"Morning Song"
"Go, Possum, Go"
"Dark Heart Beat"
"Fire in the Night"
"Mr. Mann"
"After the Dead"
"Sing On"(Traditional)
Written and/or Arranged by Wynton Marsalis
Courtesy of Skayne's Music and Columbia Records
by arrangement with Sony Music Licensing


Musicians for Reel Time
Wynton Marsalis, Marcus Printup, Roger Ingram, Oscar Brashear,
Bob Findley, Russell Gunn, Jamil Sharif, trumpets
Victor Goines, Gideon Feldstein, Sherman Irby, Andrew Farber,
Wess Anderson, Stephen Riley,
Sam Karam, Michael White, saxophones and clarinets
Wycliffe Gordon, Ron Westray, Vincent Gardner,
Bill Reichenbach, Delfeayo Marsalis, trombones
Wycliffe Gordon, trombone and tuba
Reginald Veal, trombone and bass
Karen Briggs, violin; Mark O'Conner, violin and mandolin
Mark Schatz, banjo and bass; Don Vappie, banjo
Eric Reed, piano; Russell Malone, guitar
Stefon Harris, vibraphones and percussion
Kimati Dinizulu, percussion
Herlin Riley, drums

Music from Mr. Jelly Lord, Arranged by Wynton Marsalis
"Black Bottom Stomp"
"King Porter Stomp"
"Courthouse Bump"
"Big Lip Blues"
Written by Jelly Roll Morton
Courtesy of Edwin H. Morris & Company
A Division of MPL Communications, Inc.

Courtesy of Columbia Records
by arrangement with Sony Music Licensing


"Sidewalk Blues"
Written by Jelly Roll Morton and Walter Melrose
Courtesy of Edwin H. Morris & Company
A Division of MPL Communications, Inc.

Courtesy of Columbia Records
by arrangement with Sony Music Licensing


"Deep Creek" and "New Orleans Bump"
Written by Jelly Roll Morton
Courtesy of Edwin H. Morris & Company
A Division of MPL Communications, Inc.
and Southern Music Publishing Co. Inc. (ASCAP)

Courtesy of Columbia Records
by arrangement with Sony Music Licensing


Musicians for Mr. Jelly Lord
Wynton Marsalis, trumpet; Eric Lewis, piano
Herlin Riley, drums; Reginald Veal, bass
Wycliffe Gordon, trombone and tuba; Lucien Barbarin, trombone
Wess Anderson, saxophone; Michael White, clarinet
Victor Goines, clarinet, saxophones
Donald Vappie, banjo, guitar

Music from Ken Burns' JAZZ, Arranged by Wynton Marsalis
"Careless Love"
Written by William C. Handy, Spencer Williams, & Martha E. Koenig
Courtesy of Handy Brothers Music Co., Inc. New York
International copyright secured EMI Music Publishing, London, England


"Buddy Bolden's Blues"
Written by Jelly Roll Morton
Courtesy of Edwin H. Morris & Company
A Division of MPL Communications, Inc.


Musicians for Ken Burns' JAZZ arrangements
Wynton Marsalis, trumpet
Wycliffe Gordon, Delfeayo Marsalis, trombones
Don Vappie, guitar and banjo
Rodney Whittaker, bass; Herlin Riley, drums

"Levee Low Moan"
Written by Wynton Marsalis
Courtesy of Skayne's Music
Performed by Wynton Marsalis, trumpet
Marcus Roberts, piano
Wess Anderson, Todd Williams, saxophones
Reginald Veal, bass; Herlin Riley, drums
Courtesy of Columbia Records
by arrangement with Sony Music Licensing


Other Music
"Maloney Rag"
Written by Stephan Kozinski
Courtesy of Associated Music Publishers, Inc. (BMI)
Arranged by Gunther Schuller
Performed by New England Ragtime Ensemble
Courtesy of GM Recordings, Inc.
"Black Bottom Stomp"
Written by Jelly Roll Morton
Courtesy of Edwin H. Morris & Company
A Division of MPL Communications, Inc.

Arranged/Edited by Gunther Schuller
Performed by New England Ragtime Ensemble
Courtesy of GM Recordings, Inc.
"Sun Flower Slow Drag"
Written by Scott Hayden and Scott Joplin
Edited by Gunther Schuller
Performed by New England Ragtime Ensemble
Courtesy of GM Recordings, Inc.

"The Great White Hope Rag"
Written and Performed by Terry Waldo

"St. Louis Rag"
Piano Roll used with the permission of R. Michael Montgomery

"God Moves On the Water"
Written and performed by Blind Willie Johnson
Courtesy of Alpha Film Music (BMI) and Columbia Records
by arrangement with Sony Music Licensing


"White Ghost Shivers"
Written by Einar Swan and Joe Tarto
Performed by The New Black Eagle Jazz Band
Courtesy of Joan Kenney and Black Eagle Records, Ltd.

"Borneo Rag" and "Indian Summer"
Written by Neil Moret (Charles Daniels) and Jerome H. Remick
Performed by Nan Bostick and Tom Brier
Courtesy of Bay Sound Records
"Prey for Me", "Darkness" and "Jailbird"
Written by Yale Beebee
Performed by Kim Cuda, guitar and Marc Cedrone, harmonica
Courtesy of King Bee Music Productions

"Hail to the Chief"
Written by James Sanderson
Arranged by John Colby

"Vieux Carre"
Written by Tony Parenti
Courtesy of Hanover Music Corp.
Performed by The New Black Eagle Jazz Band
Courtesy of Black Eagle Records, Ltd.

"My Country 'Tis of Thee"
Written by Samuel F. Smith
Performed by Jacqueline Schwab, piano

"Clubhouse Stomp"
Written by John Colby
Courtesy John Colby Music
"La Mulata Rumbera"
Written by Alejandro Rodriguez
Courtesy of Peer International Corp. (BMI)
Arranged by Yale Beebee
Performed by Hiroaki Honshuku, flute; Ralph Graham, vocal
Anthony Resta, percussion
Yale Beebee, piano, violin, bass, and percussion
Courtesy of King Bee Music Productions

"Beggar Boy"
Written and performed by Jacqueline Schwab, piano
Courtesy of Midsummer Recordings

Locations
WILLIAMS CLUB, New York City
WESTSIDE THEATER, New York City
CHURCH STREET BOXING GYM, New York City
GALLAGHER'S STEAK HOUSE, New York City

Quote from TRAIN WHISTLE GUITAR
Used with the permission of ALBERT MURRAY

Stock Footage Courtesy
John E. Allen, Inc.
Budget Films Stock Footage, Budget Films, Inc.
Library of Congress
ScreenSound Australia, the National Screen and Sound Archive
Image Bank Film by Getty Images
MacDonald & Associates
National Broadcasting Company, Inc.
Netherlands Film Museum Foundation
University of South Carolina - Newsfilm Libraries
Footage Hollywood, Passport International Prods. of California, Inc.
Historic Films Archive, LLC
The WPA Film Library
Bob DeFlores Film Archives
Fox News Network, LLC - Fox Movietonews
Excerpts from Birth of a Nation
Courtesy Kino Video International and
Kartes Video Communications, Inc.

Archival Material
Antiquities of the Prize Ring
Gary Phillips Collection
Collection of Ben Hawes
Chicago Historical Society

A.D. Lytle Collection, Mss. 893, LLMVC, LSU Libraries
Amateur Athletic Foundation of Los Angeles
AP/Wide World Photos
Austin/Thompson Collection, OneHistory, Inc.
Ball State University, Archives & Special Collections
Currie Ballard
Gary Ballin
Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley
Boston Public Library, Print Department
British Columbia Archives
Brown Brothers
California Historical Society
California History Room, California State Library, Sacramento
Tracy Callis, Historian, International Boxing Research Org.
Ron Carlson
Carpenter Center for the Visual Arts
Bob Carson
Chicago Public Library, Special Collections
Colorado Historical Society
Columbia University, Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Corbis
Culver Pictures
Denver Public Library, Western History Collection
Frank Driggs Collection
Duke University Archives
DuSable Museum of African American History
Greg French
Getty Images
Harvard University Art Museums
Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania
Hogan Jazz Archive, Tulane University
Illinois State Historical Library
David A. Jack, Bob Fitzsimmons Charitable Trust, Timaru, NZ
Marv Jensen
Jim Johnston
Kansas Collection, Spencer Research Library, Univ. of Kansas
Kern County Museum
La Trobe Picture Collection, State Library of Victoria
Library of Congress
John Liffmann Collection
Los Angeles Public Library, Security Pacific Collection
Bill Loughman Collection
Louisiana State Museum
Maryland Historical Society, Baltimore, Maryland
Massillon Museum Collection
Minnesota Historical Society
Mississippi Department of Archives and History
Montana Historical Society
Museum of Afro-American History, Boston, MA.
Museum of the City of New York
National Archives at College Park
National Archives - Central Plains Region
Nevada Historical Society
New Orleans Museum of Art
New York Public Library
Ohio Historical Society
Photofest
Pugilistica.com Boxing Memorabilia
Roddenbery Memorial Library
Rosenberg Library, Galveston, Texas
San Diego Historical Society
Sangamon Valley Collection, Lincoln Library
Schomburg Center for Research, New York Public Library
Don Scott, Boxing Collectors' News
Kevin Smith Collection
Smithsonian Institution
State Library of New South Wales
Supreme Court of the United States
The Ring
Steven D. Tracy
Tulsa Race Riot Collection, University of Tulsa, Oklahoma
University Libraries of Notre Dame
University of Louisville Photographic Archives
University of Nevada-Reno Library, Special Collections
University of Texas at Austin, Center for American History
University of Virginia Library
University of Washington Libraries, MSCUA Collections
Valentine Richmond History Center
Delmar Watson Photography Archives
W.E.B. Du Bois Library, Spec. Coll. & Archives, UMass Amherst
Western Reserve Historical Society
Xavier University Archives, New Orleans, Louisiana

Extra Special Thanks
ROGER ADAMS
PEG HOLMES
RYNDEE CARNEY
ED ARRENDELL
M. J. HASSAN
PETER MILLER
SARAH BOTSTEIN
CRAIG MELLISH
ALBERT MURRAY
TOM EVERED
JEFF JONES
JULIE BURNS
LILLY BURNS
SARAH BURNS
GIL and MICHELE SCHAYE
KIM SCHAYE
VERNON JAMES
SUSAN, ALLISON, and HALEY EWERS
MIKE STURGEON, HB Communications
BILL FERSTER, Stage Tools

Michael Balabuch
David Bergin
Tom Bodett
Tom Bower
Lee Brumbaugh
Carol Butler
Tracy Callis
David Davis
Joe DePlasco
Kevin Deverich
Greg French
Casey Edward Greene
Dennis Haysbert
Jim Johnston
Gene Jones
Neelum Kumar
Jeff Levine
Bill Loughman
Patrick Maschio
Piriya Metcalfe
Denise Morgan
William Mintzer
Joyce Carol Oates
Michelle Paolella
Brock Peters
Larry Pine
Tori Purdy
Allen Reuben
Tim Rives
Ashley Schiff
Don Scott
Raven Shaffer
Alfie Sloze
Mac Talmadge
Kevin Smith
Jack Newfield & Janie Eisenberg
Richard & Barbara Novick
George & Sarah Plimpton

Special Thanks
Blue Note Records
The Cyber Boxing Zone
Dartmouth College Libraries
Historic Newspaper Archive
International Boxing Research Organization
Jazz at Lincoln Center
Keene Sentinel
Mason Library, Keene State College
Ray's Camera & Photo, Keene, NH
Affinia Hotels, New York City
The Park Hyatt, Washington, DC

Alex Bisset
Cathy Boswell
Meredith Britt
Peter Bullis
John Cann
Janet Clemmensen
Roger Conover
Alan Davies
Mike DeLisa
Philip Druce
Paula Erickson
Vanessa Erickson
Chistopher Ewers
Richlyn Goddard
Judson Gooding
Stephen Gordon
Ashbel Green
Casey Greene
Richard W. Greene
Jan Grenci
John Griffin
Jeff Hall
Rosemary Hanes
Ellen Harding
Leigh Harralson
Margot Holt
Meghan Horvath
Rebekah Johnston
Allan Kaye
Mathew Lloyd
Shola Lynch
Jesse Markow
Richard Markow
Dave Mast
Tom Martin
Ken McGrath, Sr.
Ken McGrath, Jr.
Christine McDonald
Amber Meisenzahl
Dave Meichsner
Lois Merry
Kelly Nicholson
Jeff Nickell
Luba Ostashevsky
Julia Anne Peterlin
Charles Pickett
Ewa Polnik
Margot Riley
Marilee Rouillard
George Rugg
Jennifer Sanders
Andrew Schiff
Aaron Schmidt
Timothy Shipe
Josh Silver
Peter Silvestri
Anne-Lise Spitzer
Karyadi Sutedja
Allison Swift
Michael Torska
Kathryn Totten
Wendy Turnbull
Mark Williams
Wayne Wilson
Julie Wood
and
The People of Walpole, NH

National Publicity
DAN KLORES COMMUNICATIONS

Produced in Association with
WETA WASHINGTON, DC

Executive in Charge of Production for WETA
DALTON DELAN

Project Director for WETA
DAVID S. THOMPSON

Associate Producer for WETA
KAREN KENTON

Publicity for WETA
DEWEY BLANTON

SHARON ROCKEFELLER, President & CEO

A Production of Florentine Films

Executive Producer
KEN BURNS

Copyright © 2004, The American Lives II Film Project, LLC.

Dedicated to
GEORGE PLIMPTON
1927 - 2003