The Challenge: Make Paper and Ink
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Many different plants
and materials have been used to make paper and ink over the centuries.
What would our scientists use from the island to make theirs and would
they be able to produce a clean sheet and colored inks in just three
What is paper and how is it made?
Paper is made from
All plant matter is composed in part from cellulose fiber but the amount
between plants. The
reason why plant material is so suitable for making paper lies in the
molecular structures of cellulose and water. Water
molecules are made up of one oxygen atom and two hydrogen atoms. The
hydrogen atom on one molecule can chain onto the oxygen atom of another
molecule causing an effect called 'surface tension'. This chaining process
is the key to making paper.
How chaining works