Omar Bradley, who had distinguished himself leading troops to victories in North Africa and Sicily, was hand-picked by General Dwight Eisenhower to command the 1st U.S. Army during the D-Day invasion of Normandy, France. Under Bradley's direction, American forces liberated Paris, turned back an aggressive German counter-offensive at the Battle of the Bulge, took control of the first bridgehead over the Rhine River, and linked up with Soviet forces advancing from the east to end the Nazi attempt to conquer Europe. A native of Clark, Missouri, Bradley displayed an uncharacteristically mild temperament for a military leader. Newspaper accounts described him as a "quiet gentleman who might pass for a professor." His polite demeanor, however, was coupled with a demanding nature and the mind of a brilliant military tactician.
Following World War II, Bradley continued his military service as Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, where he was promoted to the rank of five-star general. After retiring from active military duty in 1953, he became Chairman of the Board of the Bulova Watch Company.
In 1960, Francis Gary Powers' U-2 spy plane was shot down over the Soviet Union.
A look at five real-life "Rosies," the reality of working in defense plants during World War II and then having to give up those jobs for returning GIs.
General Douglas MacArthur led American troops in World Wars I and II before being fired by President Harry Truman during the Korean War.
The story of a Vietnamese mother, the Amerasian daughter she sent away for adoption, and their reunion 22 years after the Vietnam War.
Joseph Goebbels, the second most powerful man in Nazi Germany, was the mastermind behind Adolf Hitler's success.
The story of the dramatic post-World War II tribunal that brought Nazi leaders to justice and defines trial procedure for state criminals to this day.
The staggering death tolls of the Civil War permanently altered the character of the republic and the psyche of the American people.
The international race to develop biological weapons during the 20th century.