The Mariana Islands are located 1,500 miles from Japan in the Central Pacific. In 1944 this proximity made them strategically important to the U.S. war effort. The U.S. Army Air Forces wanted to use the islands as launching pads for B-29 bomber attacks on Japanese targets. The islands were also crucial for the Japanese, who had 30,000 troops stationed on the island of Saipan to stop the American advance.
In 1960, Francis Gary Powers' U-2 spy plane was shot down over the Soviet Union.
General Douglas MacArthur led American troops in World Wars I and II before being fired by President Harry Truman during the Korean War.
From the Revolutionary War to Operation Desert Storm - newly discovered letters read by celebrity actors tell of courage, longing, and sacrifice.
With the clock ticking and the city under fire how many could be saved?
Harry Truman was responsible for finding America's place at the start of the Cold War. Part of the award-winning Presidents collection.
A revealing portrait of one of America's most paradoxical leaders.
His stunning triumph at the 1936 Olympic Games captivated the world even as it infuriated the Nazis. Premiering May 1.
The U.S. government's response to the Holocaust was slow and fueled by complex social and political factors.