The Mariana Islands are located 1,500 miles from Japan in the Central Pacific. In 1944 this proximity made them strategically important to the U.S. war effort. The U.S. Army Air Forces wanted to use the islands as launching pads for B-29 bomber attacks on Japanese targets. The islands were also crucial for the Japanese, who had 30,000 troops stationed on the island of Saipan to stop the American advance.
In the Philippines, Army Rangers liberated 513 prisoners of war three years after the Bataan Death March.
The first officially formed regiment of northern black soldiers who fought in the Civil War.
Winner, 2010 Peabody Award --- The 1968 My Lai massacre, its subsequent cover-up, and the soldiers who broke ranks to bring the atrocity to light.
The staggering death tolls of the Civil War permanently altered the character of the republic and the psyche of the American people.
Two days in 1967 revealed a nation divided over a war that continues to haunt us.
During World War II, more than a thousand women signed up to fly with the U.S. military as WASPS.
The U.S. government's response to the Holocaust was slow and fueled by complex social and political factors.
In the summer of 1940, 10,000 children were sent from wartime Britain to the United States.