The Mariana Islands are located 1,500 miles from Japan in the Central Pacific. In 1944 this proximity made them strategically important to the U.S. war effort. The U.S. Army Air Forces wanted to use the islands as launching pads for B-29 bomber attacks on Japanese targets. The islands were also crucial for the Japanese, who had 30,000 troops stationed on the island of Saipan to stop the American advance.
The staggering death tolls of the Civil War permanently altered the character of the republic and the psyche of the American people.
During World War II, more than a thousand women signed up to fly with the U.S. military as WASPS.
Insurmountable odds. Unforgiving conditions. Unyielding courage.
The Battle of the Bulge was the biggest and bloodiest single battle American soldiers ever fought.
General Douglas MacArthur led American troops in World Wars I and II before being fired by President Harry Truman during the Korean War.
The U.S. and the Soviet Union race to build the hydrogen bomb during the Cold War, thus beginning the nuclear arms race.
Harry Truman was responsible for finding America's place at the start of the Cold War. Part of the award-winning Presidents collection.
A brilliant scientist, Oppenheimer was tasked with the development of the atomic bomb during World War II.