The Mariana Islands are located 1,500 miles from Japan in the Central Pacific. In 1944 this proximity made them strategically important to the U.S. war effort. The U.S. Army Air Forces wanted to use the islands as launching pads for B-29 bomber attacks on Japanese targets. The islands were also crucial for the Japanese, who had 30,000 troops stationed on the island of Saipan to stop the American advance.
In the Philippines, Army Rangers liberated 513 prisoners of war three years after the Bataan Death March.
In the summer of 1940, 10,000 children were sent from wartime Britain to the United States.
Ten years after American troops arrived in South Vietnam, communists seized Saigon in an attack that brought the war to a startling conclusion.
With the clock ticking and the city under fire how many could be saved?
From the Revolutionary War to Operation Desert Storm - newly discovered letters read by celebrity actors tell of courage, longing, and sacrifice.
In 1960, Francis Gary Powers' U-2 spy plane was shot down over the Soviet Union.
A brilliant scientist, Oppenheimer was tasked with the development of the atomic bomb during World War II.
The international race to develop biological weapons during the 20th century.