The Mariana Islands are located 1,500 miles from Japan in the Central Pacific. In 1944 this proximity made them strategically important to the U.S. war effort. The U.S. Army Air Forces wanted to use the islands as launching pads for B-29 bomber attacks on Japanese targets. The islands were also crucial for the Japanese, who had 30,000 troops stationed on the island of Saipan to stop the American advance.
President Woodrow Wilson lead America during World War I, created the Federal Reserve, and helped create the League of Nations. Part of the award-winning Presidents collection.
The international race to develop biological weapons during the 20th century.
In the early 1830s, Texas, ruled by Mexico, held 20,000 U.S. settlers and 4,000 Mexican Tejanos, forcing residents to pick sides.
From the Revolutionary War to Operation Desert Storm - newly discovered letters read by celebrity actors tell of courage, longing, and sacrifice.
In the Philippines, Army Rangers liberated 513 prisoners of war three years after the Bataan Death March.
The stories of ordinary people in the tumultuous years after the Civil War, when America struggled to rebuild the Union.
Two days in 1967 revealed a nation divided over a war that continues to haunt us.
A brilliant scientist, Oppenheimer was tasked with the development of the atomic bomb during World War II.