The Mariana Islands are located 1,500 miles from Japan in the Central Pacific. In 1944 this proximity made them strategically important to the U.S. war effort. The U.S. Army Air Forces wanted to use the islands as launching pads for B-29 bomber attacks on Japanese targets. The islands were also crucial for the Japanese, who had 30,000 troops stationed on the island of Saipan to stop the American advance.
The staggering death tolls of the Civil War permanently altered the character of the republic and the psyche of the American people.
Harry Truman was responsible for finding America's place at the start of the Cold War. Part of the award-winning Presidents collection.
In 1960, Francis Gary Powers' U-2 spy plane was shot down over the Soviet Union.
In the early 1830s, Texas, ruled by Mexico, held 20,000 U.S. settlers and 4,000 Mexican Tejanos, forcing residents to pick sides.
Winner, 2010 Peabody Award --- The 1968 My Lai massacre, its subsequent cover-up, and the soldiers who broke ranks to bring the atrocity to light.
While the U.N. debated strategies for control of atomic energy, the U.S. Navy was preparing for nuclear tests on Bikini Island.
In the summer of 1940, 10,000 children were sent from wartime Britain to the United States.
Robert E. Lee, the leading Confederate general of the American Civil War, remains a source of fascination and, for some, veneration.