The Mariana Islands are located 1,500 miles from Japan in the Central Pacific. In 1944 this proximity made them strategically important to the U.S. war effort. The U.S. Army Air Forces wanted to use the islands as launching pads for B-29 bomber attacks on Japanese targets. The islands were also crucial for the Japanese, who had 30,000 troops stationed on the island of Saipan to stop the American advance.
Harry Truman was responsible for finding America's place at the start of the Cold War. Part of the award-winning Presidents collection.
The story of the dramatic post-World War II tribunal that brought Nazi leaders to justice and defines trial procedure for state criminals to this day.
In 1960, Francis Gary Powers' U-2 spy plane was shot down over the Soviet Union.
In the summer of 1940, 10,000 children were sent from wartime Britain to the United States.
Robert E. Lee, the leading Confederate general of the American Civil War, remains a source of fascination and, for some, veneration.
The stories of ordinary people in the tumultuous years after the Civil War, when America struggled to rebuild the Union.
The Alaskan Highway stands today as one of the boldest homeland security initiatives ever undertaken.
A revealing portrait of one of America's most paradoxical leaders.