The Mariana Islands are located 1,500 miles from Japan in the Central Pacific. In 1944 this proximity made them strategically important to the U.S. war effort. The U.S. Army Air Forces wanted to use the islands as launching pads for B-29 bomber attacks on Japanese targets. The islands were also crucial for the Japanese, who had 30,000 troops stationed on the island of Saipan to stop the American advance.
The U.S. government's response to the Holocaust was slow and fueled by complex social and political factors.
With over a million already dead, heroic American soldiers and nurses served in the closing battles of World War I.
In the Philippines, Army Rangers liberated 513 prisoners of war three years after the Bataan Death March.
This 11-hour series analyzes the costs and consequences of the war that changed a generation and continues to color American thinking today.
In 1960, Francis Gary Powers' U-2 spy plane was shot down over the Soviet Union.
After the Soviet blockade of West Berlin, British and American pilots delivered tons of food and fuel to the German city by airplane for nearly a year.
A look at five real-life "Rosies," the reality of working in defense plants during World War II and then having to give up those jobs for returning GIs.
The story of a Vietnamese mother, the Amerasian daughter she sent away for adoption, and their reunion 22 years after the Vietnam War.