The Mariana Islands are located 1,500 miles from Japan in the Central Pacific. In 1944 this proximity made them strategically important to the U.S. war effort. The U.S. Army Air Forces wanted to use the islands as launching pads for B-29 bomber attacks on Japanese targets. The islands were also crucial for the Japanese, who had 30,000 troops stationed on the island of Saipan to stop the American advance.
The Battle of the Bulge was the biggest and bloodiest single battle American soldiers ever fought.
The U.S. government's response to the Holocaust was slow and fueled by complex social and political factors.
During World War II, more than a thousand women signed up to fly with the U.S. military as WASPS.
An American Communist family that had fled to Moscow in the late 1920s, return to America in 1935 but can not bring their 5-year-old son.
During the defining months of the offensive against Germany, American forces faced a moral and strategic dilemma.
President Woodrow Wilson lead America during World War I, created the Federal Reserve, and helped create the League of Nations. Part of the award-winning Presidents collection.
Joseph Goebbels, the second most powerful man in Nazi Germany, was the mastermind behind Adolf Hitler's success.
General Douglas MacArthur led American troops in World Wars I and II before being fired by President Harry Truman during the Korean War.