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26th President

Terms: 1901-1909
Political Party: Republican
First Lady: Edith Kermit Carow Roosevelt
Vice Presidents: None, Charles W. Fairbanks 

Highlights from the TR, the story of Theodore Roosevelt website include:


Born: October 27, 1858, in New York City... Youngest person ever to serve as president... Champion of the strenuous life, TR embodied the notion of an expanded presidency. Stamped the presidency with his own colorful personality. His enormous popularity gave him political clout that matched his celebrity status. "Get action, do things," sums up his attitude toward all endeavors, political and otherwise... Died: January 6, 1919.

Did you know? - Read some fun facts about Theodore Roosevelt

The Era

  • The Wright brothers make the first plane flight (1903)
  • The Great Train Robbery plays to packed movie houses (1903)
  • Japan defeats Russia in the Russo-Japanese War (1905)
  • Upton Sinclair publishes The Jungle, a muckraking exposé (1906)
  • Ford introduces the Model T automobile (1908)

Timeline - See a timeline of important events during Theodore Roosevelt's administration.

Domestic Politics

Theodore Roosevelt appeared an unlikely candidate for a reform president. Born into a wealthy family, he enjoyed a youth beyond the reach of most Americans, touring Europe and the Middle East, studying with private tutors, and coming of age in a New York mansion. A Harvard man, he socialized with America's upper crust. In practice, however, TR looked after the interests of working class Americans against rapacious corporate trusts, defying -- and some would say betraying -- the very society from which he had sprung.

Read the page on TR's Domestic Politics to learn more about his refoms.

Foreign Affairs

Theodore Roosevelt came to the presidency intent on expanding U.S. power abroad and with a belief that America should be strong and ready to defend its interests around the world. The former Rough Rider entertained boyishly romantic notions of glory on the battlefield. And it was only near the end of his life, when he experienced great personal tragedy during World War I, that Roosevelt truly realized the brutal nature of war.

Read the Foreign Affairs page to learn more about his world policy.

Presidential Politics

On October 14, 1912, Progressive party presidential candidate Theodore Roosevelt delivered one of the most remarkable campaign speeches in American history. Wounded in the chest by the bullet of a would-be assassin, Roosevelt spoke passionately and eloquently for ninety minutes, extolling the virtues of Progressivism to a crowd in Milwaukee. While Roosevelt's campaign would ultimately fail, this moment, brimming with blood and passion, represented one of the finest hours of a man who, from the moment he entered presidential politics, made his life a continuous campaign.

Read the page on TR's Presidential Politics.

Extended Biography
Access in-depth biographical materials for Theodore Roosevelt.

Additional Resources
Explore bonus materials for Theodore Roosevelt, including primary sources, interviews, television program transcripts, and in-depth teacher's guides.

My American Experience

My American Experience photos

Share Your Story

We invite you to tell us your own stories - whether you lived through a tumultuous time period or learned about it from a relative, a book or a movie.

  • Additional funding for this program was provided by

  • NEH

  • Additional funding for this program was provided by

  • NEH