The Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 made the hunting down of escaped slaves, even in free states, fully legal. To abolitionists, this represented a huge blow to their efforts. Not only had the federal government endorsed slavery, but it had also committed to preserving the institution indefinitely.
A man who symbolized African American equality fought a proponent of Hitler's Aryan racial theories on the eve of World War II.
The Chiricahua Apache medicine man and warrior who refused to accept white man's 'civilization.' Part of The Wild West collection.
George Eastman introduced the Kodak and Brownie camera systems and transformed photography into something anybody could do.
Silent film actress Mary Pickford played a pivotal role in bringing Hollywood into the center of the motion picture industry.
The African American jazz composer and bandleader performed regularly at Harlem's Cotton Club, leaving a legacy in music.
Robert Moses fueled some of the most ambitious -- and controversial -- public works projects ever conceived.
Today one of the most-recognized figures in American literary history, poet Walt Whitman was denounced by critics in his own time.
The trial of Charles Julius Guiteau, who assassinated President James A. Garfield, turned into a public battle over the meaning of insanity.