Americans were held hostage at the US Embassy in Iran after Carter welcomed the Shah into the United States for medical treatment in 1979. "It was a defining event," says Pollster Pat Caddell. "This is the entire United States government captured, and held illegally under international law and being taunted everyday."
Narrator: On November 4, 1979, it would all seem trivial. A few days earlier, 3,500 Iranian students had marched toward the American Embassy in Tehran, threatening to overtake it.
The anti-Shah movement which had began in early 1978 had grown into a full-fledged Islamic Revolution. The Shah was driven into exile, and the Ayatollah Khomeini, became the leader of a new and mysterious, Islamic Republic.
The Shah arrived in the United States on October 22. Two weeks later, Iranian students seized the American Embassy. Fifty-three Americans were to be held hostage until the United States returned the Shah to Iran.
Everyone awaited word from Khomeini. Seeing an opportunity to consolidate his revolution, the Ayatollah gave his blessing, calling the U.S. Embassy "a den of spies."
Jimmy Carter (archival): The United States of America will not yield to international terrorism or to blackmail.
Pat Caddell, Pollster: It was a defining event. This is the entire United States government captured, and held illegally under international law and being taunted everyday.
Roger Wilkins, Journalist: The whole world saw these images of these people burning American flags, stomping on images of Carter and the most rancid sort of disrespect and hatred of the United States, on television, around the world, all the time.
James Michael Curley and his sophisticated political machine dominated Boston for almost half a century.
Cuba's Communist leader defied the odds, surviving his Soviet benefactors, the wrath of U.S. presidents, two diplomatic crises and assassination attempts.
Joseph Goebbels, the second most powerful man in Nazi Germany, was the mastermind behind Adolf Hitler's success.
Lyndon Johnson pushed progressive programs before the Vietnam War eroded his support. Part of the award-winning Presidents collection.
The founding father laid the groundwork for the nation's modern economy, including the banking system and Wall Street.
George Eastman introduced the Kodak and Brownie camera systems and transformed photography into something anybody could do.
Marcus Garvey, a black nationalist leader from Jamaica, had great successes and failures before being jailed and deported from the US in 1927.
Murderer, martyr, hero - John Brown's violent crusade against slavery would divide the nation and spark the Civil War.