President Roosevelt's inaugural address filled the American people with confidence in their new leader. "They hear coming through their loudspeakers this voice so filled with courage, with self confidence, with a sense of leadership," says historian William Leuchtenburg.
Pres. Franklin D. Roosevelt (archival): I, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, do solemnly swear that I will faithfully execute the office of President of the United States...
William Leuchtenburg, Historian: One has to imagine millions of people clustered around their radio sets in towns all across the country. They don't know what to expect of this new president -- he's not shown them much yet -- and then they hear, coming through their loudspeakers, this voice --
Pres. Franklin D. Roosevelt (archival): This is preeminently the time to speak the truth, the whole truth frankly and boldly.
William Leuchtenburg, Historian: --so filled with courage, with self-confidence, with a sense of leadership.
Pres. Franklin D. Roosevelt (archival): This great nation will endure as it has endured, will revive and will prosper.
David Ginsburg, FDR Administration: Suddenly this man came in and he made clear to the country that there was really nothing to fear except the fear that was in one's own heart.
Pres. Franklin D. Roosevelt (archival): Let me assert my firm belief that the only thing we have to fear is fear itself -- nameless, unreasoning, unjustified terror.
Eli Ginzberg: The country was so excited that one had a live leader finally, at long last in the White House, that he could have suggested we all get ready to walk to the moon and we would have followed him. It was just an unbelievable change in mood.
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Their intense faith and strict adherence to 300-year-old traditions have by turn captivated and repelled, awed and irritated, inspired and confused America.
Two days in 1967 revealed a nation divided over a war that continues to haunt us.
American prisoners of war in North Vietnam tell of their experiences at the Hanoi Hilton and other notorious prisons.
The young CBS reporter changed his pacifist ideals after reporting on the rise of fascism in Europe during World War II.
The trial of Charles Julius Guiteau, who assassinated President James A. Garfield, turned into a public battle over the meaning of insanity.