President Roosevelt's inaugural address filled the American people with confidence in their new leader. "They hear coming through their loudspeakers this voice so filled with courage, with self confidence, with a sense of leadership," says historian William Leuchtenburg.
Pres. Franklin D. Roosevelt (archival): I, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, do solemnly swear that I will faithfully execute the office of President of the United States...
William Leuchtenburg, Historian: One has to imagine millions of people clustered around their radio sets in towns all across the country. They don't know what to expect of this new president -- he's not shown them much yet -- and then they hear, coming through their loudspeakers, this voice --
Pres. Franklin D. Roosevelt (archival): This is preeminently the time to speak the truth, the whole truth frankly and boldly.
William Leuchtenburg, Historian: --so filled with courage, with self-confidence, with a sense of leadership.
Pres. Franklin D. Roosevelt (archival): This great nation will endure as it has endured, will revive and will prosper.
David Ginsburg, FDR Administration: Suddenly this man came in and he made clear to the country that there was really nothing to fear except the fear that was in one's own heart.
Pres. Franklin D. Roosevelt (archival): Let me assert my firm belief that the only thing we have to fear is fear itself -- nameless, unreasoning, unjustified terror.
Eli Ginzberg: The country was so excited that one had a live leader finally, at long last in the White House, that he could have suggested we all get ready to walk to the moon and we would have followed him. It was just an unbelievable change in mood.
Their intense faith and strict adherence to 300-year-old traditions have by turn captivated and repelled, awed and irritated, inspired and confused America.
John Scopes' free speech trial pitted science against religion after the teacher presented Charles Darwin's theory of evolution in a Tennessee school.
Harry Truman was responsible for finding America's place at the start of the Cold War. Part of the award-winning Presidents collection.
During the defining months of the offensive against Germany, American forces faced a moral and strategic dilemma.
America's first First Lady defined the role of the President's wife and in the process changed the face of the American presidency.
The first man to fly across the Atlantic, Charles Lindbergh was unprepared for the attention, particularly after his son was kidnapped.
Richard Nixon faced impeachment but also ended the Vietnam War. Part of the award-winning Presidents collection.
The Alabama governor and presidential candidate promised segregation forever.