Produced by
Amanda Pollak

Directed by
Stephen Ives

Written by
Michelle Ferrari

Edited by
George O'Donnell

Narrated by
Michael Murphy

Music by
Joel Goodman

Associate Producer
Lindsey Megrue

Field Producer
Ben Ostrower

Kim Thorson

Production Associate
Andrew Ferrett

Michael Chin
Stephen McCarthy
Peter Nelson
Buddy Squires
Dyanna Taylor

Additional Editing
Jacob Steingroot

Assistant Editors
Andrew Jenter
Jamie Okubo
Ryan Tresser

Assistant Camera
Paul Marbury
Matt Thurber

Sound Recording
Diana L. Cleland
George Shafnacker
Merce Williams

Key Costume
Maggie McFarland
Jennifer Jesse Smith

Costume Assistant
Ken Erickson

Alan May
Billy W. Ray

Key Grip
Michael Lamb

Grip and Electric
Quentin Day
Alan Fulford
Michael Lamb
Ken Perham

Special Effects
John A. McGrath

Crane Operator
Steven Bayes

Re-Enactor Coordinator
Charles Mandeville

John M. Carson

Alta Apechito
Elijahwon A. Apechito
Thompson Apechito
Sarah Brenner
Justin Boyd
Cale Chappelle
William J. Contino
Ruben Herrera
Bob Larison
Sydné Leyba
John T. McKenna
Matt McKenna
Joseph Mullen
Adren R. Nance
James Nance
Durwin Nelson
Eunice Petramala
Holly Pino
Larry Pope
Travis Shirley
John Smith
Shannon Weddle
William Weddle
Jim Wenzel

Livestock Coordinators
Mark Sanchez, Crossroads Rodeo Company
Nate And Kathy Cranson
Ken Hasty

Horse Trainer
Derel Lee Twombly, Ponies for Parties. Middleboro, MA

Animal Wranglers
Charlie Green
Jennifer McCarthey
Tom McCarthey
Cassidy Sanchez

Bent's Old Fort National Historic Site
Canyon de Chelly National Monument
Cimarroncita Ranch
Dine College and the Ned A. Hatathli Museum
El Rancho De Las Golodrinas
Express UU Bar Ranch
Field Ranch
Flying Horse Ranch
La Posada de Santa Fe Resort and Spa
Old Sturbridge Village
The Fairmont Copley Plaza

Production Controller
Andrew Hall

Location Scouting
Bob Dubois
John Gates

Production Assistants
Rob Armstrong
Amanda Dudley
Annette Griffin
Chris Roybal
Jason Tublewicz

Office Production Assistants
Christine Alexander
Pearl Chen
Lauren DeFilippo
Annette Griffin
Tara Magnani
Michelle McAuliffe
Cornelia Moore

Additional Research
Lauren DeFilippo
Susan Hormuth
Galen Poor
Megan Weaver

Additional Assistant Editing
Lauren DeFilippo

Sonic Construction
John Michael Werner

Dialogue Editor
Pam Demitrius-Thomas

Assistant Sound Editor
Eric McAllister

Map Animations
Yorgo Alexopoulos

Post Production Facility
PostWorks, New York

Conforming Editor
Pat Kelleher

John Crowley

Post Production Project Manager
Shannon K. Hall

Re-Recording Mixer
Peter Waggoner

Sound Post-Production
Tandem Sound NYC

David Bramfitt
Joel Goodman

Narration Recording
Lou Verrico/Full House Productions

Senior Creative Consultant
Hampton Sides

Historical Advisors
R. David Edmunds
Paul Hutton

Archival Footage And Stills
America By Air LLC
American Heritage Center, University of Wyoming
The Bridgeman Art Library International
Brigham Young University
California State Library
Centennial Science and Engineering Library, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque
Center for Southwest Research, University Libraries, University of New Mexico
Church Archives, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
Collection of George S. Whiteley IV
Colorado Historical Society
David Rumsey Map Collection
Denver Public Library, Western History Collection
George Eastman House Motion Picture Department Collection
The Granger Collection, New York
Hess Collection of Children's Literature Research Collections, University of Minnesota Libraries
The Huntington Library, San Marino, California
James K. Polk Memorial Association, Columbia, TN
Kansas State Historical Society
Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
McCormick Library of Special Collections, Northwestern University Library
Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis
Montana Historical Society, Helena, Montana
National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
National Archives and Records Administration
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Nebraska State Historical Society
The Newberry Library, Chicago
New Mexico State University Library, Archives and Special Collections
The New York Public Library
The New York Times
Paul Hutton
Photo Archives/Palace of the Governors (MNM/DCA)
Princeton University Library
Private Collection
Sharlot Hall Museum Archives
Spencer Research Library, University of Kansas Libraries
Taos Historic Museums
The Trustees of The British Museum
University of Arizona Library Special Collections
Washingtoniana Division, DC Public Library
The West Film Project
Western History Collections, University of Oklahoma Libraries
Wyoming State Archives
The Yale Collection of Western Americana, The Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
WGBH Educational Foundation
Wide Awake Films

Legal Services
James Kendrick
Thelen, Reid, Brown, Raysman, Millstein, and Steiner

Production Accounting
Ed Weisel
Silver, Laski and Weisel

Insignia Films Directors
John T. Sughrue
Robert A. Wilson

"Maryland, My Maryland"
Traditional - Arrangement by Lars Edegran
Performed by New Orleans Ragtime Orchestra
Courtesy of Arhoolie Records
Published by Tradition Music (BMI) administered by Bug Music, Inc.

Special Thanks
Ann Massmann
Antelope Tours and the Teller Family
Bent's Old Fort National Historic Site
Big House Props and Costumes
Canyon de Chelly National Monument
Carl Watson
Carrico's Leatherworks
Casa San Ysidro
Cimarroncita Ranch
Daniel Kosharek
Debra Lyons
Dine College and the Ned A. Hatathli Museum
Field Ranch
El Rancho de las Golodrinas
Estevan Rael-Galvez
Express UU Bar Ranch
Flying Horse Ranch
Footpath Journeys and the McClanahan Family
Gabriel "Supporting Horse"
Greg Shea
Gretchen Sammis
Hampton Sides
Jack McGrath
Joe Tarrabino
John Holmgren
John Lemens
John M. Carson
La Posada de Santa Fe Resort and Spa
Leavey Foundation for Historic Preservation, Inc.
Lee Burke
Lorie Lee and the Navajo Nation Film Office
Museum of Spanish Colonial Art, Santa Fe
Nancy DiBuono
Ned Blackhawk
Old Sturbridge Village
Paul Hutton
Rafael de la Uz
Randolph Cox
Rick Walner
Sally Denton, author of Passion And Principle
Scott Travis
Stanley Hubbard
The Alamo Navajo Reservation
The Fairmont Copley Plaza
The Kit Carson Home and Museum
The Kit Carson Museum at Rayado
The Nance Family
The Navajo Nation
The New Mexico Film Office
The Residents and Farmers of Canyon de Chelly
United American Costume
University of New Mexico
Veronica E. Tiller, PhD.
Will Grombly
Wilson Hunter

On-camera interview subjects
John M. Carson, great-grandson of Kit Carson
Sally Denton, writer
Paul Hutton, historian
Dayton Duncan, writer
Marie Jake, resident of Canyon de Chelly
Lupita McClanahan, resident of Canyon de Chelly
N. Scott Momaday, poet
Andrés Reséndez, historian
David Roberts, writer
Hampton Sides, author, Blood and Thunder
Harry Walters, historian

Senior Creative Consultant
Hampton Sides

Historical Advisors
R. David Edmunds
Paul Hutton


Post Production
Vanessa Ezersky
Glenn Fukushima

Series Designer
Alison Kennedy

On-line Editor
Spencer Gentry

Sound Mix
John Jenkins

Series Theme
Joel Goodman

Molly Jacobs
Tory Starr

Production Manager
Nancy Sherman

Jay Fialkov
Janice Flood
Scott Kardel

Project Administration
Susana Fernandes
Pamela Gaudiano
Lauren Noyes

Marketing & Publicity
Mary Lugo
Cara White

Project Manager
Lauren Prestileo

Series Manager
James E. Dunford

Coordinating Producer
Susan Mottau

Series Producer
Susan Bellows

Senior Producer
Sharon Grimberg

Executive Producer
Mark Samels

American Experience is a production of WGBH, which is solely responsible for its content.

An Insignia Films production for AMERICAN EXPERIENCE.

2008 WGBH Educational Foundation
All rights reserved.

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From Billy the Kid to Wyatt Earp, and George Custer to Geronimo, the real-life people who helped tame the west would shape the western heroes celebrated in film and television for decades.