Written, Produced, and Directed by
Richard Ben Cramer
Penny Elliott Hays
Original Music Composed by
Director of Photography
Motion Graphics Artist
Deborah Clancy Porfido
Sound Editor and Mixer
Jim Briggs III
Assistant Online Editor
Buffalo Bill’s Cowboy Band Music
Performed by the Americus Brass Band
Produced by Michael L. Masterson
Archival Material Courtesy of
Buffalo Bill Historical Center, Cody, Wyoming
Buffalo Bill Museum and Grave
Denver Public Library, Western History Collection
The John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art, Tibbals Digital Collection
American Antiquarian Society
American Heritage Center, University of Wyoming
The Annie Oakley Center at Garst Museum
Buffalo Bill Ranch State Historical Park, Nebraska Game & Parks Commission
Chicago History Museum
Department of Special Collections, Stanford University Libraries
Fee & Murphy Family Papers, American Heritage Center, University of Wyoming
Hoboken Historical Museum
J.E. Stimson Collection, Wyoming State Archives, Department of State Parks and Cultural Resources
Jim P. Crain
Kansas State Historical Society
Library and Archives Division, Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania
Library of Congress
Little Big Horn Battlefield National Monument
Manchester Archives and Local Studies
Museum of the American West, Autry National Center, Los Angeles
National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Nebraska State Historical Society Photograph Collections
Oxford Free Public Library Historical Museum
Paul L. Hedren
South Dakota State Historical Society – State Archives
Smithsonian American Art Museum
Wisconsin Historical Society
Charles & Karen Scoggin
Marketing and Communications
Associate Producer, New Media
Director of New Media
James E. Dunford
A HiddenHill Productions film for AMERICAN EXPERIENCE
The country's oldest beauty contest has become a battleground and a barometer for the position of women in society.
From Joseph Smith's discovery of gold tablets to persecution, migration, and settlement in Utah, the film explores the history of the most American of religions.
The women's suffrage movement won the right to vote when the 19th Amendment passed in 1920.
The last surviving member of a California Indian tribe became a sensation in 1911.
As the star attraction of Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show, Annie Oakley thrilled audiences around the world with her shooting feats. Part of the Wild West collection.
Head of the most powerful family in America, billionaire John D. Rockefeller's vast philanthropy changed his family's reputation.
Today one of the most-recognized figures in American literary history, poet Walt Whitman was denounced by critics in his own time.
A brilliant scientist, Oppenheimer was tasked with the development of the atomic bomb during World War II.