Written, Produced, and Directed by
Richard Ben Cramer
Penny Elliott Hays
Original Music Composed by
Director of Photography
Motion Graphics Artist
Deborah Clancy Porfido
Sound Editor and Mixer
Jim Briggs III
Assistant Online Editor
Buffalo Bill’s Cowboy Band Music
Performed by the Americus Brass Band
Produced by Michael L. Masterson
Archival Material Courtesy of
Buffalo Bill Historical Center, Cody, Wyoming
Buffalo Bill Museum and Grave
Denver Public Library, Western History Collection
The John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art, Tibbals Digital Collection
American Antiquarian Society
American Heritage Center, University of Wyoming
The Annie Oakley Center at Garst Museum
Buffalo Bill Ranch State Historical Park, Nebraska Game & Parks Commission
Chicago History Museum
Department of Special Collections, Stanford University Libraries
Fee & Murphy Family Papers, American Heritage Center, University of Wyoming
Hoboken Historical Museum
J.E. Stimson Collection, Wyoming State Archives, Department of State Parks and Cultural Resources
Jim P. Crain
Kansas State Historical Society
Library and Archives Division, Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania
Library of Congress
Little Big Horn Battlefield National Monument
Manchester Archives and Local Studies
Museum of the American West, Autry National Center, Los Angeles
National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Nebraska State Historical Society Photograph Collections
Oxford Free Public Library Historical Museum
Paul L. Hedren
South Dakota State Historical Society – State Archives
Smithsonian American Art Museum
Wisconsin Historical Society
Charles & Karen Scoggin
Marketing and Communications
Associate Producer, New Media
Director of New Media
James E. Dunford
A HiddenHill Productions film for AMERICAN EXPERIENCE
Today one of the most-recognized figures in American literary history, poet Walt Whitman was denounced by critics in his own time.
The ultimate frontiersman, Carson inspired popular novels before being associated with the "Long Walk" of the Navajo people.
A historic effort to shatter the foundations of white supremacy in what was one of the nation’s most viciously racist, segregated states.
The trial of Charles Julius Guiteau, who assassinated President James A. Garfield, turned into a public battle over the meaning of insanity.
George Eastman introduced the Kodak and Brownie camera systems and transformed photography into something anybody could do.
Of all the alphabet agencies of the New Deal, none captured the public's imagination like J. Edgar Hoover's FBI.
In 1969, homosexuality was illegal in almost every state... but that was about to change. The Stonewall riots marked a major turning point in the modern gay civil rights movement.
Mathematician and paranoid schizophrenic John Nash's work became a foundation of modern economic theory.