Written, Produced, and Directed by
Richard Ben Cramer
Penny Elliott Hays
Original Music Composed by
Director of Photography
Motion Graphics Artist
Deborah Clancy Porfido
Sound Editor and Mixer
Jim Briggs III
Assistant Online Editor
Buffalo Bill’s Cowboy Band Music
Performed by the Americus Brass Band
Produced by Michael L. Masterson
Archival Material Courtesy of
Buffalo Bill Historical Center, Cody, Wyoming
Buffalo Bill Museum and Grave
Denver Public Library, Western History Collection
The John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art, Tibbals Digital Collection
American Antiquarian Society
American Heritage Center, University of Wyoming
The Annie Oakley Center at Garst Museum
Buffalo Bill Ranch State Historical Park, Nebraska Game & Parks Commission
Chicago History Museum
Department of Special Collections, Stanford University Libraries
Fee & Murphy Family Papers, American Heritage Center, University of Wyoming
Hoboken Historical Museum
J.E. Stimson Collection, Wyoming State Archives, Department of State Parks and Cultural Resources
Jim P. Crain
Kansas State Historical Society
Library and Archives Division, Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania
Library of Congress
Little Big Horn Battlefield National Monument
Manchester Archives and Local Studies
Museum of the American West, Autry National Center, Los Angeles
National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Nebraska State Historical Society Photograph Collections
Oxford Free Public Library Historical Museum
Paul L. Hedren
South Dakota State Historical Society – State Archives
Smithsonian American Art Museum
Wisconsin Historical Society
Charles & Karen Scoggin
Marketing and Communications
Associate Producer, New Media
Director of New Media
James E. Dunford
A HiddenHill Productions film for AMERICAN EXPERIENCE
Intrepid journalist Nelly Bly went on a journey around the world breaking the record of Julius Verne's fictional character.
A central figure in the narrative of how the west was won, Wyatt Earp and his story became an American legend. Part of the Wild West collection.
John Wesley Powell's epic journey into the unknown Grand Canyon was filled with adventure as his team mapped the Colorado River for the first time.
The Pennsylvania Railroad Company accomplished an enormous engineering feat, but destroyed a great architectural monument.
Accused by a janitor, a respected Harvard professor was hanged for the murder of Dr. George Parkman, one of Boston's richest citizens, in 1849.
As the star attraction of Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show, Annie Oakley thrilled audiences around the world with her shooting feats. Part of the Wild West collection.
Malcolm X, a man who both terrified and inspired, expressed the anger and struggle of black people for freedom in the 1960s.
America came apart in 1964 and has since been reborn.