Written and Produced by
Director of Photography
Visual Effects Director
Still Motion Photography
Sync Sound, NY
Frederick C. Galfas
Katherine F. Wright
Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library, Columbia University in the City of New York
Boris Yale Klapwald courtesy of Brain Ink Brown Brothers, Sterling, PA
c2001 New York City Police Department. All rights reserved. Used with permission of the New York City Police Department
Collection of the New Rochelle Public Library
Collection of the New York Historical Society
Courtesy of Dakota County Historical Society
Courtesy of Mary Lindlau and Courtesy of the Queens Borough Public Library, Long Island Division, August Kruzensk
Photographs courtesy of the New York Transit Museum
Courtesy of the Queens Borough PUblic Library, Long Island Division, Borough President of Queens Photographs and Courtesy NYC Municipal Archives
David Rumsey Map Collection
Frank English/MTA Metro=North Railroad
Grand Central Terminal Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center, The University of Texas at Austin
Matthew Brady photograph provided courtesy of Mr. Alfred G. Vanderbilt
Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress
Schenectady Museum & Suits-Bueche Planetarium
The New York Public Library, Astor Lenox and Tilden Foundations
The Railroad Enthusiasts of New York at The Williamson Library
Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina
Tunnel Shield During Construction Looking East, March 29, 1905, Pennsylvania Railroad, Conrail Public Affairs Office, MG-286 Penn Central Railroad Collection, Pennsylvania State Archives
The New Jersey Room, Jersey City Free Public Library
N.Y. Herald Newspaper images courtesy of ProQuest UMI
WASA/Studio A Successor Firm to Reed & Stem; Wank Adams Slavin Assocaites LLP New York, NY
John E. Allen
Library of Congress
The Chaffetz Family
Neal Pilzer and MPE
James E. Dunford
Any views, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this website do not necessarily represent those of the National Endowment for the Humanities.
A Viewfinder Productions film for AMERICAN EXPERIENCE
c. 2008 WGBH Educational Foundation All Rights Reserved
The unbounded optimism of the Jazz Age and the shocking consequences when reality finally hit on October 29th, 1929.
Accused by a janitor, a respected Harvard professor was hanged for the murder of Dr. George Parkman, one of Boston's richest citizens, in 1849.
Television game shows became an instant national phenomenon in 1955, but four years later contestant Charles van Doren admitted they were a scam.
Between 1854 and 1929 more than 100,000 abused or orphaned children were sent by train to the Midwest to begin new lives in foster families.
Before World War II, young Chinese Americans defied cultural tradition in San Francisco's Chinatown, previously closed to outsiders.
The unusual life of David Vetter, who lived permanently inside a germ-free environment due to severe combined immunodeficiency.
The impact of tuberculosis in America, once the deadliest killer in human history.
The U.S. and the Soviet Union race to build the hydrogen bomb during the Cold War, thus beginning the nuclear arms race.