Written, Produced, and Directed by
Helen Ryan Dobrowski
Original Concept Developed by
Original Music by
John Kusiak and P. Andrew Willis
Alisa Placas Frutman
Anna Davis Saraceno
Supervising Sound Edior & Re-Recording Mixer
Coll Anderson M.P.S.E.
Sound Effects Editor
Assistant Sound Editor
Jim Briggs III
Richard Sebring -- French horn
Diane Heffner -- clarinet
Sato Knudsen -- cello
Si-Jing Huang -- violin
Ronan Lefkowitz -- violin
Mark Ludwig -- viola
Orchestration and Additional Music
Orchestration and Score Prep
Brynn Wellman Raupagh
Joy Conley, Media Research Associates, Inc.
Helen KC Yung
Hasia R. Diner
John Staudenmaier, SJ
Archival Material Courtesy of
George Edward Anderson Photographs, MSS P-1, L. Tom Perry Special Collections, Brigham Young University
Capital Area District Library
Henry Ford Peace Expedition Collection, Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Columbia University
Burton Historical Collection, Detroit Public Library
Edison & Ford Winter Estates, Fort Myers, FL
Ford Motor Company Industrial Archives
The Henry Ford
Historic Films Archive
ITN Source/Fox Movietone
Library of Congress
Minnesota Historical Society
Mount Clemens Public Library
The Museum of the City of New York / Art Resource, NY
National Archives and Records Administration
National Automotive History Collection, Detroit Public Library
Frederick C. Howe / National Geographic Stock
New York Public Library
Ohio Historical Society
Provo Daughters of Utah Pioneers Pioneer Museum
Streamline Films, Inc.
UCLA Film & Television Archive
U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Thomas Edison National Historical Park
Roy D. Chapin Papers, Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan
Walter P. Reuther Library, Wayne State University
Wisconsin Historical Society
Archival Film Transfer
By Frank Trumbauer and Dave Rose
EMI Robbins Catalog Inc. (ASCAP)
Pine Manor College, Chestnut Hill, MA
Henry Ford Estate, University of Michigan-Dearborn, Dearborn, MI
Stonehurst, The Robert Treat Paine Estate, Waltham, MA
Yale University, New Haven, CT
Commander’s Mansion, Watertown, MA
Filmmakers Collaborative, Inc
John Staudenmaier, SJ
Post Production Supervisor
Special Projects Assistant
Marketing & Publicity
A Sarah Colt Productions film for AMERICAN EXPERIENCE.
American Experience is a production of WGBH, which is solely responsible for its content.
WGBH Educational Foundation
All rights reserved.
In the decade after the Civil War, former slaves sing their way into a nation's heart with spirituals, the religious anthems of slavery.
Their intense faith and strict adherence to 300-year-old traditions have by turn captivated and repelled, awed and irritated, inspired and confused America.
Cuba's Communist leader defied the odds, surviving his Soviet benefactors, the wrath of U.S. presidents, two diplomatic crises and assassination attempts.
With data compiled from tens of thousands of sex questionnaires, Alfred Kinsey changed America's views about sex with the Kinsey Reports.
John Wesley Powell's epic journey into the unknown Grand Canyon was filled with adventure as his team mapped the Colorado River for the first time.
The remarkable and tragic life of the third Kennedy son, Robert F. Kennedy.
Between 1854 and 1929 more than 100,000 abused or orphaned children were sent by train to the Midwest to begin new lives in foster families.
A great playwright's turbulent story, from childhood through the years of his Nobel Prize-winning career to his lonely, painful death.