For Annie Oakley

Produced and Directed by
Riva Freifeld

Written by
Ken Chowder

David Espar

Co-produced by
Amy Brown

Music by
Sheldon Mirowitz

Narrated by
Laura Linney

Associate Producer
Rob Rapley

Annie Oakley ...... Marilyn Spanier
Attorneys ...... Bob Ader and Scott Klavan

Directors of Photography
Joel Shapiro
Boyd Estus
Robert Elfstrom
Michael Chin
John Chater

Archival and Photo Research
Bonnie Rowan

Archivist & Assistant Editor
Julia Wrona

Additional Editing
Juliana Parroni
Riva Freifeld

2nd Unit Director
Margot Breier

Sound Recordists
Gary Silver
John Slocum

Assistant Camera
Mary Anne Janke
Paul Marbury

Andrew Eckmann
Eric Forand
Guy Holt
Brian Hwang

Doug Dunderdale
Daniel Gorrell
Jeffrey King

Additional Photography
Liam Dalzell

Production Managers
Cathleen O'Connell
Rachel Engleberg

Exhibition Shooters
Greta and Greg Martin
Whitney and Clint Pridmore

Weapons Coordinator
Stephen Lew

Make Up
Joeann Edmonds
Allyson Gottfried

United Costume
Tufts University Costume Shop

Prop City, San Francisco

Antique Firearms
Greg Martin

Production Assistants
Damon Bundschuh
Dan Kanes
Dustin Sanchez

Johanna Kovitz

Editing Assistants
Franziska Blome
Sabine Kertscher

Sheldon Mirowitz: guitar, keyboards
Duke Levine: slide guitar, mandola, banjo
K. Ishibashi: violin
Ardys Flavelle: voice

Re-recording Mixer
Ken Hahn, Sync Sound

Supervising Sound Editor
Neil Cedar, Sync Sound

Sound Effects Editor
Philippe Desloovere, Sync Sound

Bill Stokes, DuArt Film and Video

On-line Editors
Evan Anthony, Frame:runner
Don Wyllie, Frame:runner

Frank Ferrigno, Frame:runner

Narration Recorded by
Alfie DiPucchio
Technicolor, Toronto

Creative Consultant
Robert Kenner

Paul Fees
Donald Fixico
Judith McGaw
Glenda Riley
Virginia Scharff
Mary Zeiss Stange
Elliott West
R.L. Wilson

Archival Film
Buffalo Bill Historical Center
Buffalo Bill Museum and Grave
Franklin D. Roosevelt Library
The Fred Stone Collection
Library of Congress
National Archives
WGBH Media Library & Archives

Archival Photos
The Annie Oakley Center at Garst Museum
Annie Oakley Foundation
Brooklyn Public Library
Brown Brothers, Sterling, PA
Buffalo Bill Historical Center, Cody, Wyoming
Buffalo Bill Museum and Grave
Cincinnati Museum Center-Cincinnati Historical Society Library
Colorado Historical Society
Cowan's Auctions, Inc., Cincinnati, OH
Circus World Museum, Baraboo, Wisconsin
Denver Public Library, Western History Collection
Haas Brothers, Minnesota Historical Society
Library of Congress
Life Magazine
Museum of London
Greg Martin
Jerry and Ruth Murphey
Collection of The New-York Historical Society
Collections of the New York Public Library
Museum of the American West Collection, Autry National Center, Los Angeles
National Trapshooting Hall of Fame
Nutley Historical Society, Nutley, NJ
National Park Service - Edison National Historic Site
Wyoming State Archives
Western History Collections, University of Oklahoma Libraries
Wimbledon Society Museum of Local History

"Memories of Manhattan"
Edward Bilous

photos from "The Road to Yesterday"
by Dick Baldwin
© 2005
used by permission of Middle River Cowboys Press

Additional Support provided by
America Remembers
The Garlow Foundation
The Hunting and Shooting Sports Heritage Trust
The John H. Woods Foundation
The National Shooting Sports Foundation
The NRA Foundation
The Owsley Frazier Historical Arms Museum

Special Thanks to
James R. Browning United States Courthouse
Michael del Castello
William Garlow
Lynn Houze
Petra Martin
John McKee
Karen Miles
Michael Pack
Penny Perry
Charles Reed
Sonny, Jodie, Mike and Mikey Richards
William Self
West Side Rifle & Pistol Range

Major funding for ANNIE OAKLEY provided by the National Endowment for the Humanities

Fiscal Sponsor
Film Video Arts, Inc.

The production team would like to acknowledge the following books: Annie Oakley by Shirl Kasper -- The Life and Legacy of Annie Oakley by Glenda Riley -- and Buffalo Bill's Wild West by R. L. Wilson. Consult the further reading page for a list of books and Web sites related to Annie Oakley.

A number of people appeared on-camera or acted as consultants and are listed below. See the complete film credits for more information.

On-camera interview subjects
Paul Fees, historian
Donald Fixico, historian
Shirl Kasper, biographer
Joy Kasson, historian
Virginia Scharff, historian
Mary Zeiss Stange, professor, women's studies
Elliott West, historian
Don B. Wilmeth, theater historian
R. L. Wilson, firearms historian

Paul Fees
Donald Fixico
Judith McGaw
Glenda Riley
Virginia Scharff
Mary Zeiss Stange
Elliott West
R.L. Wilson


Post Production
Vanessa Ezersky
Glenn Fukushima

Series Designer
Alison Kennedy

On-Line Editors
Spencer Gentry

Sound Mix
John Jenkins

Series Theme
Joel Goodman

Molly Jacobs
Tory Starr

Production Manager
Nancy Sherman

Jay Fialkov
Janice Flood
Scott Kardel

Project Administration
Susana Fernandes
Pamela Gaudiano
Lauren Noyes

Marketing and Publicity
Mary Lugo
Cara White

Project Manager
Lauren Prestileo

Series Manager
James E. Dunford

Coordinating Producer
Susan Mottau

Series Producer
Susan Bellows

Senior Producer
Sharon Grimberg

Executive Producer
Mark Samels

A Riva Productions film for American Experience

© 2006 WGBH Educational Foundation

All rights reserved.

Any views, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this website do not necessarily represent those of the National Endowment for the Humanities.

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The legend of the Wild West has been played out in American Popular culture since the start of westward expansion. The real-life people who helped tame the west would shape the western heroes celebrated in film and television for decades.

  • Additional funding for this program was provided by

  • NEH