Written and Directed by
Director of Photography
David Ogden Stiers
Sound & Assistant Camera
Colorist & Online Editor
Michael H. Amundson
Post Production Services
Audio Post Production
Heart Punch Studio
Additional Archive Research
Archive Films by Getty Images
Carl Bakal Archives
ITN Archive / Reuters
John E. Allen
Library of Congress
Los Alamos National Laboratory
National Air and Space Museum
AP Wide World
Dr. Frank Arian Private Collection
Fred Lasswell for Leatherneck Magazine
Getty Images/Time Life Pictures
Harry S. Truman Library
Himeyuri Peace Museum
Mainichi Photo Bank
Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Japan
Morita Photostudio/ Koyo Ishikawa
Naval Historical Center
Office of War Information
Shunen-Do Shoten Publisher
Sumida Cultural Heritage Museum
The New York Times
TIME Magazine © 1945 Time Inc. Reprinted by Permission
Tokyo Raid and War Damages Center
US Air Force
US Marine Corps
US Signal Corps
Victoria and Albert Picture Library
Yasukuni Shrine Kaiko Library
Courtesy of Showakan
Brazilian Court Hotel, Palm Beach
Fourth Floor Productions
Okinawa Harbor View Hotel
The production team would like to acknowledge Richard Frank's book, Downfall: The End of the Imperial Japanese Empire (New York: Penguin Books, 1999). Acknowledgements to other contributors are listed below. Consult the further reading page for a list of more books and Web sites related to Victory in the Pacific.
A number of people appeared on-camera and are listed below.
On-camera interview subjects:
Barton Bernstein, historian
Jerome Connolly, U.S. Army medic
Conrad Crane, historian
Edward Drea, historian
Yoshio Emoto, Japanese Imperial Navy
Richard B. Frank, author
Irvin Gehret, 6th Marine Division
Harry George, B-29 co-pilot
Tsuyoshi Hasegawa, historian
Yoshiko Hashimoto, Tokyo firebomb survivor
Jack Hoag, 6th Marine Division
Haruo Iguchi, historian
Akira Iriye, historian
Donald Miller, historian
Ruri Miyara, Okinawan student nurse
Walter Moore, 1st Marine Division
Katsuo Nagata, Okinawan student conscript
George Niland, 6th Marine Division
Robert Rodenhouse, B-29 pilot
Masayuki Shimada, kamikaze pilot
Koyu Shiroma, Japanese boy on Saipan, Age 5 in 1944
Goeffrey "Al" Turnbull, U.S. Navy
Hirohito and the Making of Modern Japan
Hirohito's concern about the nation's "enduring" until it won a decisive battle and his concern about the "ordinary hardships" of war draw on Bix's language, p. 489-90 and 523.
The description of "reproachful expressions" of the March 10 firebombing victims as the emperor toured the ruins draws on language from Bix, p. 491.
The emperor's explanation to his son about why Japan lost the war and the empress's description of B-29s flying over the palace, the closing lines of the program, draw on language from Bix, p. 533-4.
The New Yorker
Description of the radio reports from the lead bomber on the first incendiary raid over Tokyo on March 9, 1945 are by St. Clair McKelway. He is also the aide who recollected the reaction of Curtis LeMay and General Lauris Norstad to the photos. The program quotes from McKelway's New Yorker article June 23, 1945, p. 35.
The Battle of Okinawa
Characterization of the Battle for Sugar Loaf Hill as "the hardest for Americans anywhere in World War II" comes from Feifer, p. 209.
The Rising Run: The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire, 1936-1945
The observations of a U.S. admiral on the kamikaze attacks "being so alien to our Western philosophy" come from Toland, vol 2, Random House, 1970, p. 883.
"If we can not fulfill our responsibility to the throne," replied a furious Anami, "we should offer our sincere apologies by committing hara-kiri...." This was part of an exchange among members of the war cabinet on June 6, 1945, quoted from Toland, Modern Library, 2003, p. 749.
Edward J. Drea
In the Service of the Emperor
The program describes the Japanese buildup on Kyushu in August 1945 as Gen. George Marshall's "preview of hell." This is Edward Drea's language, p. 162, and draws on the subtitle of his Chapter 11: Intelligence Forecasting for the Invasion of Japan: Previews of Hell.
General Curtis LeMay with MacKinlay Kantor
Mission with LeMay: My Story
LeMay's fantasy scene in which he agonizes over the risks of low altitude incendiary flights is drawn from "Mission," p. 348-352. General Arnold's "congratulations" is quoted from "Mission," p. 353.
A Glorious Way to Die
The kamikaze commander's admonition to "remember the carriers" is quoted from Spurr, p. 140.
John Van Hagen
Helen R. Russell
Director, New Media
Project Coordinator, New Media
Daphne B. Noyes
James E. Dunford
An Austin Hoyt Productions Film For
WGBH Educational Foundation
All Rights Reserved.
The international race to develop biological weapons during the 20th century.
A brilliant scientist, Oppenheimer was tasked with the development of the atomic bomb during World War II.
A revealing portrait of one of America's most paradoxical leaders.
An American Communist family that had fled to Moscow in the late 1920s, return to America in 1935 but can not bring their 5-year-old son.
Winner, 2010 Peabody Award --- The 1968 My Lai massacre, its subsequent cover-up, and the soldiers who broke ranks to bring the atrocity to light.
American prisoners of war in North Vietnam tell of their experiences at the Hanoi Hilton and other notorious prisons.
A look at five real-life "Rosies," the reality of working in defense plants during World War II and then having to give up those jobs for returning GIs.
In the early 1830s, Texas, ruled by Mexico, held 20,000 U.S. settlers and 4,000 Mexican Tejanos, forcing residents to pick sides.