The U.S. Olympic committee was threatening to spoil the party by boycotting the 1936 Olympic games. Hitler looked to Germany's best known international athlete, Max Schmeling, for help.
Pulitzer Prize-winning sports columnist Walter "Red" Smith remembered Joe Louis' strength of character in a New York Times column shortly after the boxer's death.
Read the stories of the 1936 and 1938 Louis–Schmeling fights, as recalled by the boxers in their autobiographies.
From Jack Johnson to Joe Louis, black athletes challenged the color line in America.