Group singing provided solace for Freedom Riders facing the constant threat of violence. It was also an effective political tool. "Without singing, we would have lost our sense of solidarity,” John Lewis says.
Mahatma Gandhi's nonviolent movement to free India from British colonial rule inspired American civil rights activists.
In the decades after WWII, civil rights leaders relied on legal and legislative challenges to dismantle segregation.
John Patterson, Alabama's governor from 1958 to 1963, discusses his decision to refuse a phone call from President Kennedy when the Freedom Riders encountered mob violence in Birmingham.