The state of Mississippi's plan to bankrupt CORE backfired when, on August 14, 1961, all but nine of the Freedom Riders returned to Jackson for their arraignment.
Former civil rights activists raised in the South recount how their commitment to nonviolence was sorely tested by the extreme hostility and mob violence they encountered.
A student at Fisk University in Tennessee, Diane Nash became the leader of the Nashville Student Movement.
Group singing provided solace for Freedom Riders facing the constant threat of violence. It was also an effective political tool.