From chattel slavery to the Civil War, abolitionism, and the Civil Rights Movement, here is a collection of further reading materials from AMERICAN EXPERIENCE, as well as other additional resources. We have organized the websites by type, and you will find a select list of books at the bottom of the page.

Timelines

African Americans in the Civil War, from Abraham and Mary Lincoln
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/timeline/lincolns-soldiers/
This timeline traces the role of African Americans -- militarily, politically, and ideologically -- in the Civil War during the years after emancipation.

Timeline of John Brown's Life, from John Brown's Holy War
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/brown/timeline/index.html
This timeline documents the life of radical abolitionist John Brown, from his Calvinist upbringing to his trial and execution in Virginia after his failed raid on the federal armory at Harpers Ferry.

Reconstruction Timeline: 1863-1877, from Reconstruction: The Second Civil War
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/reconstruction/states/sf_timeline.html
The Emancipation Proclamation and the end of the Civil War were only the first steps in repairing the damage to the U.S. and this timeline, in two parts, highlights the major events of the Reconstruction era.

Milestones of America's Civil Rights Movement, from Eyes on the Prize
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/milestones/index.html
This page holds descriptions of the milestones of the Civil Rights Movement, from bus desegregation in 1956 to the Bakke affirmative action case in 1978.

Frederick Douglass Timeline
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/doughtml/timeline.html
The American Memory project at the Library of Congress presents this timeline of the life of Frederick Douglass, from his birth in 1818 to his death in 1895.

General Articles

The Battle for Abolition, from Abraham and Mary Lincoln
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/general-article/lincolns-abolition/
These brief profiles of three very different abolitionists -- William Lloyd Garrison, James Birney, and Frederick Douglass -- present a picture of the various approaches to anti-slavery activism.

The Underground Railroad, from Abraham and Mary Lincoln
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/general-article/lincolns-underground-railroad/
A history of the famous route to freedom in the North demonstrates the courageous effort taken to help enslaved blacks escape bondage.

Shifting Political Landscape, from Abraham and Mary Lincoln
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/general-article/lincolns-political-landscape/
This article charts three of the most important antebellum congressional acts relating to slavery: the Missouri Compromise of 1820, the Compromise of 1850, and the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854.

In the North, from Abraham and Mary Lincoln
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/general-article/lincolns-north/
Although slavery-era stories often focus on the South, there were also many free African Americans in the North during the time. This piece offers profiles of three such people and their involvement in anti-slavery efforts.

Newspaper Opinions, from Abraham and Mary Lincoln
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/general-article/lincolns-opinions/
This profile of three Civil War-era newspapers looks specifically at The New York Tribune, The Charleston Mercury, and The New York Herald, examining their partisan efforts to inform and persuade readers.

History of "John Brown's Body," from John Brown's Holy War
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/brown/sfeature/song.html
Along with a recording of the famous Union war song, this article also includes its lyrics and a short history of its origins.

John Brown's Failures, from John Brown's Holy War
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/brown/sfeature/failures.html
John Brown is perhaps best known for his failed raid on the federal armory at Harpers Ferry, VA, but his life was filled with many other business and personal disappointments, which this article chronicles.

Q&A: Southern Violence During Reconstruction, from Reconstruction: The Second Civil War
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/reconstruction/40acres/sf_violence.html
This Q&A features historians answering questions about the nature of violence in the South after the end of the Civil War.

Q&A: Civil Rights During Reconstruction, from Reconstruction: The Second Civil War
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/reconstruction/activism/sf_rights.html
Another Q&A with historians addresses issues of racial equality and civil rights in the period immediately following the Civil War.

The Story of the Movement, from Eyes on the Prize
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/story/index.html
This page includes synopses of 26 events from the Civil Rights Movement, from Emmett Till's murder in 1955 to 2006, with context, music, images, and further links.

Sex and Race, from The Murder of Emmett Till
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/till/sfeature/sf_relations.html
This Q&A with historians includes information about the history of black-white sexual relations.

Explore the Issues, from Freedom Riders
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/freedomriders/issues/jim-crow-laws
This collection of articles explores issues relevant to the Freedom Riders movement, including Jim Crow Laws, the Cold War, and Victory for Nonviolence.

American Abolitionism
http://americanabolitionist.liberalarts.iupui.edu/
This project from Indiana University-Purdue University at Indianapolis offers detailed descriptions of slavery and the abolitionist movement, as well as additional resources, including biographies and primary documents.

History Now: Abolition
http://www.gilderlehrman.org/history-now/2005-09/abolition
This issue of the Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History's publication includes a number of essays by abolitionism scholars appropriate for a high school audience.

Impact of Uncle Tom's Cabin, Slavery, and the Civil War
http://www.harrietbeecherstowecenter.org/utc/impact.shtml
This site, based at the Harriet Beecher Stowe Center, provides background information about Stowe, her family, and the impact of her international bestseller.

Primary Resources

Inconsistencies of Slavery in a Christian Nation, from Abraham and Mary Lincoln
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/primary-resources/lincolns-inconsistencies/
This passage from the autobiographical "Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass" decries the hypocrisy of Christian slaveholders.

The Golden Rule, from Abraham and Mary Lincoln
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/primary-resources/lincolns-golden-rule/
This excerpt from Angelina Grimké's Appeal to the Christian Women of the South exposes the moral contradictions within slaveholding society.

Results of the Fugitive Slave Act, from Abraham and Mary Lincoln
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/primary-resources/lincolns-jacobs/
This selection draws from Harriet Jacobs' Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl, in which she describes how the Fugitive Slave Act transformed the lives of black Americans.

The Church and Slavery, from Abraham and Mary Lincoln
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/primary-resources/lincolns-church/
Another excerpt from Harriet Jacobs' narrative discusses a pastor who lectured slaves on obeying their masters.

A Greater Sin, from Abraham and Mary Lincoln
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/primary-resources/lincolns-greater-sin/
This moving letter to a former owner captures the sentiments of a runaway slave.

He Is Not Hers, from Abraham and Mary Lincoln
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/primary-resources/lincolns-harper/
A poem by Frances Ellen Watkins Harper conveys the sorrow of a slave mother as her newborn is ripped from her arms.

The Miseries We Tasted, from Abraham and Mary Lincoln
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/primary-resources/lincolns-miseries/
Maria Stewart's poem, "The Negro's Complaint," questions slaveholders' humanity.

The Political Economy of Slavery, from Abraham and Mary Lincoln
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/primary-resources/lincolns-political-economy/
This collection of pro-slavery arguments examines the ideologies and justifications behind the institution of slavery.

We Are of Another Race, from Abraham and Mary Lincoln
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/primary-resources/lincolns-mackay/
A sample of Charles Mackay's writing demonstrates the mindset of 19th-century white superiority.

Defending Slavery: Comparing Factory Workers and Slaves, from Abraham and Mary Lincoln
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/primary-resources/lincolns-grayson/
This excerpt from William Grayson's The Hireling and the Slave attempts to justify slavery by juxtaposing the Northern factory laborer with the Southern slave.

A Defender of Slavery, from Abraham and Mary Lincoln
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/primary-resources/lincolns-fitzhugh/
This selection from George Fitzhugh's Cannibals All! Or, Slaves Without Masters also presents a defense of slavery.

Responses to John Brown's Raid at Harper's Ferry, from Abraham and Mary Lincoln
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/primary-resources/lincolns-john-brown/
These excerpts from Cincinnati and Chicago newspapers offer their opinions on the Harpers Ferry affair and the looming conflict between free and slave states.

Regarding John Brown, from Abraham and Mary Lincoln
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/primary-resources/lincolns-regarding/
This correspondence between Lydia Maria Child and the Governor of Virginia demonstrates their reactions to John Brown's failed raid at Harpers Ferry.

John Brown's Holy War, from John Brown's Holy War
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/brown/filmmore/reference/primary/index.html
This collection of primary documents includes multiple letters written to Brown during his trial as well as some of Brown's last written words.

Forty Acres and a Mule, from Reconstruction: The Second Civil War
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/reconstruction/40acres/ps_so15.html
These field orders from Major General W. T. Sherman of the Union army granted newly freed black families in the South "forty acres and a mule."

Not Free Yet, from Reconstruction: The Second Civil War
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/reconstruction/sharecrop/ps_adams.html
This testimony from formerly enslaved Henry Adams before the U.S. Senate conveyed his belief, shared by many other freedmen, that unfair labor practices and white intimidation were keeping freed black from truly realizing their freedom.

Reactions in Writing, from The Murder of Emmett Till
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/till/filmmore/ps_reactions.html
The murder of Emmett Till and the subsequent trial of Roy Bryant and J. W. Milan spurred many people to put pen to paper. This page includes many excerpts from letters to the FBI and Justice Department.

Nonviolence and Racial Justice, 1957, from Eyes on the Prize
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/sources/ps_nonviolence.html
In this passage, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., explains the nonviolent philosophy.

People, Acting Together, Are Power, 1967, from Eyes on the Prize
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/sources/ps_power.html
This excerpt from the autobiography of Carl Stokes, the first black mayor of Cleveland, explains how he built his base of support in the black community.

The Liberator Files
http://www.theliberatorfiles.com/
This website offers a collection of items that appeared in The Liberator, William Lloyd Garrison's Boston-based abolitionist newspaper that he published from 1831 to 1865. Along with primary documents, the site includes articles about Garrison's life and his relationships with other relevant abolitionists.

The African American Newspapers Collection
http://www.accessible-archives.com/collections/african-american-newspapers/
Among the various newspapers in the collection is Frederick Douglass's The North Star, which he ran out of Rochester, New York, during the antebellum years.

Quakers and Slavery
http://trilogy.brynmawr.edu/speccoll/quakersandslavery/
A joint project of the Quaker Collection at Haverford College and Friends Historical Library of
Swarthmore College, this online collection contains original documents on anti-slavery from the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries.

Uncle Tom's Cabin and American Culture
http://utc.iath.virginia.edu/
This multimedia archive presents Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin in context, along with primary documents including songs, advertisements, articles, illustrations, and responses to the novel.

First-Person Narratives of the American South, 1860-1920
http://docsouth.unc.edu/fpn/texts.html
The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill provides this extensive digitized collection of first-person narratives through the library's Documenting the American South initiative.

The Emancipation Proclamation
http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/featured_documents/emancipation_proclamation/
The National Archives hosts this copy of Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation, with a full transcript and scans of the original document.

Frederick Douglass, My Bondage and My Freedom, 1852
http://docsouth.unc.edu/neh/douglass55/douglass55.html
The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill has transcribed this autobiographical work as part of their Documenting the American South initiative. Stauffer, John, and Zoe Trodd. The Tribunal: Responses to John Brown and the Harpers Ferry Raid. Cambridge, Mass: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2012.

Garrison, William L, and William E. Cain. William Lloyd Garrison and the Fight against Slavery: Selections from the Liberator. Boston: Bedford Books of St. Martin's Press, 1995.

Stowe, Harriet B. A Key to Uncle Tom's Cabin: Presenting the Original Facts and Documents Upon Which the Story Is Founded. Together with Corroborative Statements Verifying the Truth of the Work. Boston: J.P. Jewett & co, 1853.

Grimké, Angelina E, and Charles Wilbanks. Walking by Faith: The Diary of Angelina Grimké, 1828-1835. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 2003.

Weld, Theodore D, Sarah M. Grimke, Angelina E. Grimke, Dwight L. Dumond, and Gilbert H. Barnes. Letters of Theodore Dwight Weld, Angelina Grimke Weld and Sarah Grimke, 1822-1844. Gloucester, Mass: P. Smith, 1965.

Virtual Tours

Before the Raid: Gathering at the Kennedy Farm, from John Brown's Holy War
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/brown/sfeature/kennedyfarm.html
This tour provides a comprehensive look at the farmhouse John Brown and his men rented to stage their raid on Harpers Ferry.

John Brown's Fort, from John Brown's Holy War
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/brown/sfeature/fort.html
This virtual tour takes visitors inside the engine house where federal troops captured Brown during his raid on Harpers Ferry.

Slave Quarters, from Abraham and Mary Lincoln
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/virtual-tour/lincolns-quarters/
This tour delivers a chance to explore the living space of an antebellum slave.

Maps

Following John Brown, 1800-1859, from John Brown's Holy War
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/brown/maps/map.html
This interactive map shows John Brown's movement throughout his life, starting with his birth in Torrington, Connecticut, and ending with his burial in North Elba, New York.

Reconstruction: State by State, from Reconstruction: The Second Civil War
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/reconstruction/states/sf_states_pop_intro.html
This map takes a state-by-state look at farm values and manufacturing output in 1860 and 1870 to examine the impact of the Civil War.

Retracing the Rides, from Freedom Riders
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/freedomriders/rides
This interactive map allows users to retrace the Freedom Rides of 1961.

Visualizing Emancipation
http://dsl.richmond.edu/emancipation/
This project from the Digital Scholarship Lab at the University of Richmond offers a geographic perspective on emancipation by mapping slavery's end during the Civil War.

Searching for Frederick Douglass's Birthplace
http://www.arcgis.com/home/webmap/presentation.html?webmap=67f22c2675634e6e98d42d763bea02d2
Choptank River Heritage presents this interactive map, which reveals the birthplace of Frederick Douglass on Maryland's eastern shore. It is accompanied by photos and excerpts from Douglass's own writing.

Biographies & Events

Literary Women, from Abraham and Mary Lincoln
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/general-article/lincolns-literary/
This article offers brief biographies of female writers who were active in the abolitionist and women's rights movements, including Harriet Beecher Stowe, author of Uncle Tom's Cabin.

Frederick Douglass, from John Brown's Holy War
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/brown/peopleevents/pande02.html
This biography of Douglass provides an overview of the life of the influential abolitionist.

John Brown, from John Brown's Holy War
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/brown/peopleevents/pande01.html
This profile paints a portrait of the fiery abolitionist and his radical anti-slavery efforts.

Pottawatomie Massacre, from John Brown's Holy War
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/brown/peopleevents/pande07.html
This brief history demonstrates the violent lengths to which John Brown went in the struggle to make Kansas a free state.

The Missouri Raid, from John Brown's Holy War
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/brown/peopleevents/pande08.html
This article tells the story of John Brown's second attack, during which he freed 11 slaves from a Missouri slave-owner.

The Harpers Ferry Raid, from John Brown's Holy War
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/brown/peopleevents/pande09.html
This page offers a description of John Brown's cataclysmic raid on the federal armory at Harpers Ferry, Virginia.

The Hanging, from John Brown's Holy War
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/brown/peopleevents/pande10.html
This account of John Brown's death by hanging examines the moment that would seal his legacy as a martyr for the abolitionist cause.

The Secret Six, from John Brown's Holy War
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/brown/peopleevents/pande06.html
Six men secretly funded several of John Brown's raids, and this article explains their motivation and their process.

Henry David Thoreau, from John Brown's Holy War
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/brown/peopleevents/pande04.html
A biography of the influential writer and abolitionist demonstrates his commitment to social and political reform.

Profiles, from Eyes on the Prize
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/profiles/index.html
This page features a collection of brief bios on dozens of individuals and groups who impacted the Civil Rights Movement.

Emmett Louis Till (1941-1955), from The Murder of Emmett Till
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/till/peopleevents/p_till.html
This article provides an account of the life of Emmett Till, from his birth in 1941 to his murder in 1955, which set off a national reaction and helped mobilize the Civil Rights Movement.

Meet the Players, from Freedom Riders
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/freedomriders/people
This page contains short profiles of many of the major players in the Freedom Rider movement, including government figures, movement leaders, and riders themselves.

Photo Galleries

African American Soldiers, from Abraham and Mary Lincoln
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/photo-gallery/lincolns-african-americans/
This gallery chronicles the incorporation of black soldiers into the Union Army.

Urban Slave Quarters, from Abraham and Mary Lincoln
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/photo-gallery/lincolns-slave-quarters/
This gallery offers a look into the living space of an often overlooked individual: the urban slave.

Thomas Nast's Political Cartoons, from Reconstruction: The Second Civil War
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/reconstruction/nast/sf_nast.html
This collection includes several of Thomas Nast's famous political cartoons exploring the triumphs and troubles of Reconstruction.

Image Galleries Index, from Eyes on the Prize
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/resources/res_img.html
This page collects over two dozen image galleries on the Eyes on the Prize website relating to the Civil Rights Movement.

Images of African Americans from the 19th Century
http://digital.nypl.org/schomburg/images_aa19/
This site from the New York Public Library's Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture provides a digital collection of images of 19th-century African Americans.

Teacher's Guides

John Brown's Holy War, from John Brown's Holy War
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/brown/tguide/index.html
This guide includes classroom activities, discussion questions, and lesson topics, all relating to John Brown.

The Time of the Lincolns, from Abraham and Mary Lincoln
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/teachers-resources/lincolns-teachers-guide/
This teacher's guide provides activities relating to the AMERICAN EXPERIENCE film Abraham and Mary Lincoln: A House Divided, broken down into categories of history, economics, geography, and civics.

Death and the Civil War, from Death and the Civil War
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/teachers-resources/death-guide/
This collection offers links to resources for teaching the Civil War, including causes of the war, Abraham Lincoln and the course of the war, slavery and African Americans in antebellum America, and art and culture both during and after the war.

Reconstruction: The Second Civil War, from Reconstruction: The Second Civil War
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/reconstruction/tguide/index.html
This guide offers suggestions for active learning around topics including the Civil War, slavery, abolition, race relations, definitions of freedom and citizenship, and more.

Eyes on the Prize, from Eyes on the Prize
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/tguide/index.html
This resource collection provides ideas for classroom activities around topics relating to the Civil Rights Movement, for students from elementary to high school age.

Freedom Riders in the Classroom, from Freedom Riders
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/freedomriders/teachers-guide
This page includes links to an accompanying study guide from Facing History and Ourselves, as well as resources from PBS Teachers' Domain and the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Further Reading Lists

John Brown's Holy War, from John Brown's Holy War
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/brown/filmmore/reference/bibliography.html
This page provides a list of books about John Brown, including several biographies as well as a profile of Brown's Harpers Ferry accomplices.

The Time of the Lincolns, from Abraham and Mary Lincoln
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/further-reading/lincolns-further-reading/
This list of websites and books offers further resources related to the Lincolns, women's rights, African Americans, and the South, among other topics.

Death and the Civil War, from Death and the Civil War
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/further-reading/death/
This collection catalogues a wealth of external assets concerning the Civil War.

State by State, from Reconstruction: The Second Civil War
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/reconstruction/states/fr.html
This page includes a general bibliography for Reconstruction, including many websites and books.

Eyes on the Prize, from Eyes on the Prize
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/about/fr.html
This list of books, websites, and music offers numerous additional resources related to the Civil Rights Movement.

American Civil War Homepage
http://sunsite.utk.edu/civil-war/warweb.html
The University of Tennessee at Knoxville hosts this extensive list of links to Civil War-related resources on the Web.

Books

Berkin, Carol. Civil War Wives: The Lives & Times of Angelina Grimké Weld, Varina Howell Davis & Julia Dent Grant. New York: Random House, 2009.

Blight, David W. Beyond the Battlefield: Race, Memory, and the American Civil War. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2002.

---. Race and Reunion: The Civil War in American Memory. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2001.

Douglass, Frederick. Life and Times of Frederick Douglass. Hartford: Park Publishing, 1882.

---. Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass: An American Slave. Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University, 1960.

Dunbar, Erica Armstrong. A Fragile Freedom: African American Women and Emancipation in the Antebellum City. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2008.

Foner, Eric. The Fiery Trial: Abraham Lincoln and American Slavery. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 2010.

Foner, Eric, ed. Our Lincoln: New Perspectives on Lincoln and His World. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 2008.

Foner, Philip S. The Life and Writings of Frederick Douglass: The Civil War 1861-1865. New York: International Publishers, 1952.

Fradin, Judith Bloom, and Dennis B. Fradin. 5,000 Miles to Freedom: Ellen and William Craft’s Flight from Slavery. Washington: National Geographic Society, 2006.

Gilpin, R. Blakeslee. John Brown Still Lives! America's Long Reckoning with Violence, Equality, & Change. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2011.

Hedrick, Joan D. Harriet Beecher Stowe: A Life. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994.

Holzer, Harold, Edna G. Medford, and Frank J. Williams. The Emancipation Proclamation. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2006.

Horwitz, Tony. Midnight Rising: John Brown and the Raid That Sparked the Civil War. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 2011.

Huggins, Nathan Irvin. Slave and Citizen: The Life of Frederick Douglass. Boston: Little, Brown, 1980.

Jeffrey, Julie Roy. Abolitionists Remember: Antislavery Autobiographies and the Unfinished Work of Emancipation. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2008.

Long, David E. The Jewel of Liberty: Abraham Lincoln's Re-Election and the End of Slavery. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 1994.

McDaniel, W. Caleb. The Problem of Democracy in the Age of Slavery: Garrisonian Abolitionists and Transatlantic Reform. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2013.

Reynolds, David S. John Brown, Abolitionist: The Man Who Killed Slavery, Sparked the Civil War, and Seeded Civil Rights. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2005

Reynolds, David S. Mightier Than the Sword: Uncle Tom's Cabin and the Battle for America. New York: W. W. Norton & Co, 2011.

Sinha, Manisha. The Counter-Revolution of Slavery: Politics and Ideology in Antebellum South Carolina. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2000.

Stauffer, John. The Black Hearts of Men: Radical Abolitionists and the Transformation of Race. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2002.

---. Giants: The Parallel Lives of Frederick Douglass and Abraham Lincoln. New York: Twelve, 2008.

Stewart, James Brewer. Abolitionist Politics and the Coming of the Civil War. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2008.

Stewart, James Brewer, ed. William Lloyd Garrison at Two Hundred: History, Legacy, and Memory. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2008.

Stowe, Harriet Beecher. Uncle Tom's Cabin; or, Life Among the Lowly. Boston: John P. Jewett & Company, 1852.

My American Experience

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Share Your Story

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  • Additional funding for this program was provided by

  • DIG: Gretchen Stone Cook, Kargman, Rose (Abolitionists)
  • Arthur Vining Davis Foundations
  • NEH
  • Yawkey Foundation