Web Sites

American Experience: The American West
Find dozens of stories from American Experience about the American West. See a map of the changing frontier, and find out which Wild West character is most like you!

American Experience: Annie Oakley
Learn more about sharpshooter Annie Oakley, the star attraction of Buffalo Bill?s Wild West Show. Site includes a description of a Wild West performance, and a profile of Sitting Bull.

Buffalo Bill Historical Center
Explore Buffalo Bill?s life and times in photographs, biographies, timelines and more on this Web site from the Buffalo Bill Museum.

New Perspectives on the West
Visit the companion Web site for another PBS documentary series, The West. You?ll find biographies of key people, interactive maps, materials for teachers, and more.


Further Reading ? Books

Allen, Charles W. From Fort Laramie to Wounded Knee: In the West That Was. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1997.

Applebaum, Stanley. The Chicago World?s Fair of 1893: A Photographic Record. New York: Dover Publications, 1980.

Bataille, Gretchen M. Images of American Indians on Film: an Annotated Bibliography. New York: Garland, 1985.

Bird, Harrison. War for the West, 1790-1813. New York: Oxford University Press, 1972.

Blackstone, Sarah J. The Business of Being Buffalo Bill. New York: Praeger, 1988.

Bridger, Bobby. Buffalo Bill and Sitting Bull: Inventing the Wild West. Austin: University of Texas Publishing, 2002.

Brown, Dee Alexander. Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee: An Indian History of the American West. New York: Owl Books, 2001.

Brown, Julie. Contesting Images: Photography and the Worlds Columbian Exposition. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1994.

Burg, David F. Chicago?s White City of 1893. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 1976.

Carter, Robert A. Buffalo Bill Cody: The Man Behind the Legend. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2000.

Chun, Clayton. U.S. Army in the Plains Indian Wars 1865-91. Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing, 2004.

Cody, William F. An Autobiography of Buffalo Bill. New York, New York: Farrar & Rinehart, Inc., 1920.

Davis, Kenneth Sydney. Kansas: A History (Bicentennial & Historical Guide). New York: W. W. Norton and Company, 1984.

Deloria, Philip J. Indians in Unexpected Places. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 2004.

____. Playing Indian. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1998.

Di Silvestro, Roger L. In the Shadow of Wounded Knee: The Untold Final Chapters of the Indian Wars. New York: Walker & Company, 2005.

Etcheson, Nicole. Bleeding Kansas: Contested Liberty in the Civil War Era. Kansas: University Press of Kansas, 2006.

Fisher, James Lyle. Kansas Impressions: Photographs and Words. Lawrence, KS: University of Kansas Press, 1972.

Foote, Stella. Letters from Buffalo Bill. Billings, MT: Foote Publishing Co., 1954.

Gallop, Alan. Buffalo Bill?s British Wild West. UK: Sutton Publishing, 2001.

Goetzmann, William H. The West of the Imagination. New York: W. W. Norton and Company, 1986.

Goodrich, Thomas. War to the Knife: Bleeding Kansas 1854-1861. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 1998.

Hedren, Paul L. ?The Contradictory Legacies of Buffalo Bill Cody?s First Scalp for Custer.? Montana the Magazine of Western Heritage. Spring, 2005.

Horan, James D. and Paul Sann. Pictorial History of the Wild West. New York: Crown Publishers Inc., 1954.

Ikenberry, Larry D. Kansas Past: A Photographic Essay of the Great Plains of Western Kansas. Olympia, WA: Cascade Photographics, 1979.

Jensen, Richard E. Eyewitness at Wounded Knee. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1991.

Josephy, Alvin M. The Patriot Chiefs: A Chronicle of American Indian History of the American West. New York: Penguin, 1993.

Kasson, Joy S. Buffalo Bill?s Wild West: Celebrity, Memory and Popular History. New York: Hill and Wang, 2000.

Laing, Christine and Norman Bolotin. The World?s Columbian Exposition: the Chicago World?s Fair of 1893. Champaign, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1992.

Larson, Erik. The Devil in the White City. New York: Vintage, 2004.

Limerick, Patricia Nelson. The Legacy of Conquest. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 1987.

Limerick, Patricia Nelson and Richard White. The Frontier in American Culture. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1994.

Lowle, Robert Harry. Indians of the Plains. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 1982.

Maddux, Vernon R. and Albert Glenn Maddux. In Dull Knife Wake: the True Story of the Northern Cheyenne Exodus of 1878. Norman, OK: Horse Creek Publications, 2003.

Marshall, S. L. A. Crimsoned Prairie. New York: Charles Scribner Sons, 1972.

Maas, Jeremy. ?This Brilliant Year,? Queen Victoria?s Jubilee, 1887. London: Royal Academy of Arts, 1977.

McMurtry, Larry. The Colonel and Little Missie. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2005.

Mead, James R. Hunting and Trading on the Great Plain 1859-1875 (American Exploration and Travel Series, Vol. 69). Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 1986.

Moses, L.G. Wild West Shows and the Images of American Indians: 1883-1933. Albuquerque, NM : University of New Mexico Press, 1996.

Neihardt, John Gneisenau. Black Elk Speaks. New York: W. Morrow, 1932.

Neihardt, John Gneisenau. The Sixth Grandfather. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska, 1984.

Richmond, Robert W. Kansas: A Pictorial History. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 1992.

Rosa, Joseph G. and Robin May. Buffalo Bill and his Wild West: A Pictorial Biography. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas: 1989.

Russell, Don. Lives and Legends of Buffalo Bill. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1969.

Rydell, Robert W. All the World?s a Fair: Visions of Empire at American International Expositions, 1876-1916. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1984.

____. Buffalo Bill in Bologna: Americanization of the World 1869-1922. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2005.

Slotkin, Richard. Gunfighter Nation: The Myth of the Frontier in Twentieth-Century America. New York: Atheneum, 1992.

Smith, Robert Benjamin. ?Buffalo Bill?s Skirmish at Warbonnet Creek.? Wild West, December, 1996.

Sprague, Donovin Arleigh. Pine Ridge Reservation. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing, 2004.

Standing Bear, Luther. My People the Sioux. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1975.

Starita, Joe. The Dull Knifes of Pine Ridge: A Lakota Odyssey. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1995.

Stevenson, Robert Louis. Across the Plains. New York: Charles Scribner?s Sons, 1916.

Streeby, Shelly. American Sensations: Class, Empire and the Production of Popular Culture. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2002.

Tompkins, Jane. West of Everything: The Inner Life of Westerns. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.

Truettner, William H., ed. The West as America: Reinterpreting Images of the Frontier, 1820-1920. Washington D.C.: National Museum of American Art, 1991.

Utley, Robert M. and Wilcomb E Washburn. Indian Wars. New York: American Heritage Press, 1977.

Utley, Robert M. The Lance and the Shield: the Life and Times of Sitting Bull. New York: Random House Publishing Group, 1993.

Warren, Lois S. Buffalo Bill?s America: William Cody and the Wild West Show. New York: Random House, Inc., 2005.

Wetmore, Helen Cody, with forward by Zane Grey. Last of the Great Scouts: The Life Story of Colonel W. F. Cody (Buffalo Bill). New York: Forge Books, 1996.

Wilson, R. L. and Greg Martin. Buffalo Bill?s Wild West: An American Legend. New York: Chartwell Books, 2004.

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The legend of the Wild West has been played out in American Popular culture since the start of westward expansion. The real-life people who helped tame the west would shape the western heroes celebrated in film and television for decades.