Hoover Dam
From AMERICAN EXPERIENCE, a brief biography of Herbert Hoover, America's 31st president.

"Food as a Weapon," by Bertrand M. Patenaude
From the Stanford University's Hoover Institution, the Author of "The Big Show in Bololand" writes about the ways in which Hoover assisted foreign countries with food aid.

"Famine in Russia: the hidden horrors of 1921," by Francis Haller
From the International Red Cross, an article describing the Russian famine. Originally published in the Swiss daily "Le Temps" August 12, 2003.

Video Newsreels
From British Pathe, three newsreels on the Russian famine.

"The Russian Famine, one year of relief work," The Friends of Soviet Russia (PDF)
A 1922 report on the relief efforts made by the The Friends of Soviet Russia, an American division of the The Workers’ International Russian Famine Relief Committee who worked to collect and distribute aid to famine-stricken areas in Russia.

"The Politics of Food: How America kept Russia from starving," from Humanities Magazine
An article on The Great Famine from the National Endowment for the Humanities.



Burner, David. Herbert Hoover: A Public Life. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1979.

Cockfield, Jamie H. ed. Black Lebeda: The Russian Famine Diary of ARA Kazan District Supervisor J. Rives Childs, 1921-1923. Macon, Georgia: Mercer University Press, 2006.

Figes, Orlando. A People's Tragedy: The Russian Revolution, 1891-1924. New York: Penguin Books, 1998.           

Fisher, Harold H. The Famine in Soviet Russia, 1919-1923. New York: The MacMillan Company, 1927.

Gaddis, John Lewis. The Cold War: A New History. London: Penguin Books, 2005.

Gaddis, John Lewis. Russia, the Soviet Union and the United States: An Interpretive History. New York: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company, 1990.

Golder, Frank and Lincoln Hutchinson. On the Trail of the Russian Famine. Stanford University Press, 1927.

Haber, Samuel. Efficiency and Uplift: Scientific Management and the Progressive Era, 1890-1920. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1964.

Herbert Hoover the Uncommon Man. West Branch, IA: Hoover Presidential Library Association, Inc., 1974.

Hoover, Herbert. An American Epic. Vols. I-III. Chicago: Henry Regnery Company, 1961.

Koenker, Diane P. and Ronald D. Bachman. eds. Revelations from the Russian Archives: Documents in English Translation. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 1997. 

Kennedy, David M. Over Here: The First World War and American Society. New York:  Oxford University Press, 2004.

May, Henry. The End of American Innocence. New York: Columbia University Press, 1952 (reprint edition, 1992).

Michelson, Annette. ed. Kino-Eye: The Writings of Dziga Vertov. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1985.

Murray, Robert K. Red Scare: A Study in National Hysteria, 1919-1920. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1955.

Nash, George H. The Life of Herbert Hoover. Vols. I-III. New York and London: W.W. Norton & Company, 1983-1996.

Patenaude, Bertrand M., The Big Show in Bololand: The American Relief Expedition to Soviet Russia in the Famine of 1921. Stanford University Press, 2002.

Pipes, Richard. A Concise History of the Russian Revolution. New York: Vintage Books, 1995.

Pipes, Richard. Russia Under the Bolshevik Regime. New York: Vintage Books, 1995.

Pipes, Richard. The Russian Revolution. New York: Vintage Books, 1990.

Pipes, Richard, ed. The Unknown Lenin: From the Secret Archive. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1996.

Saul, Norman. Friends of Foes? The United States and Soviet Russia, 1921-1941. Lawrence, Kansas: University Press of Kansas, 2006.

Walch, Timothy. Uncommon Americans: The Lives and Legacies of Herbert and Lou Henry Hoover. West Branch, IA: Herbert Hoover Presidential Library Association, 2003.

Weissman, Benjamin. Herbert Hoover and Famine Relief to Soviet Russia. Stanford: Hoover Institution Press, 1974.   

Wilson, Joan Hoff. Hebert Hoover: Forgotten Progressive. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1975.

Wilson, Joan Hoff. Ideology and Economics. Columbia, MO: University of Missouri Press, 1974.

My American Experience

My American Experience photos

Share Your Story

What country has the U.S. helped the most? Where has America's effort made the most difference? Which effort do you think has had the greatest impact on the world... or on the U.S.?

  • Additional funding for this program was provided by

  • Lakeside Foundation
  • NEH
  • Yawkey Foundation