Freedom Summer


Wisconsin Historical Society’s Timeline for the 1964 Freedom Summer Project
Explore a timeline and read original documents from Freedom Summer.

The Newseum’s Freedom Summer Exhibit
View a gallery of TIME photographer Ted Polumbaum's images of Freedom Summer, from training in Ohio to the Democratic National Convention in Atlantic City.

The University of Southern Mississippi’s Civil Rights in Mississippi Digital Archive
The University of Mississippi is located in Hattiesburg, MS one of the major centers of Freedom Summer. The Civil Rights in Mississippi Digital Archive includes a selection of digitized photographs, letters, diaries, and other documents.

Miami University’s Freedom Summer Text Collection
The Western College for Women where students from across the country trained for Freedom Summer is now a part of Miami University. Their collection contains documents, images and other materials from that summer.

Civil Rights Movement Veterans’ Mississippi Freedom Summer Events
The content available on the Civil Rights Movement Veterans' site was created by the Veterans of the Southern Freedom Movement (1951-1968) to share the stories and information about their time fighting for equal rights. The Mississippi Freedom Summer Events page has a timeline and links to primary source documents about the summer of 1964.

Civil Rights Digital Library’s Freedom Summer Archive
The Civil Rights Digital Library's Freedom Summer archive provides links to material from library archives relating to that summer, including the Mississippi Department of Archives and History, Emory University and University of Southern Mississippi.

Library of Congress’ webcast of presentation by Tracy Sugarman
Listen to a web interview with illustrator Tracy Sugarman on his experiences in Mississippi during the summer of 1964.


Watson, Bruce. Freedom Summer: The Savage Season of 1964 That Made Mississippi Burn and Made America a Democracy. New York: Penguin, 2010.

Adickes, Sandra E. The Legacy of a Freedom School. New York: Macmillan, 2005.

Branch, Taylor. Pillar of Fire: America in the King Years 1963-65. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1999.

Cagin, Seth and Philip Dray. We are Not Afraid: The Story of Goodman, Schwerner, and Chaney and the Civil Rights Campaign for Mississippi. New York: Nation Books, 2006.

Carson, Clayborne. In Struggle: SNCC and the Black Awakening of the 1960s. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1981.

Crosby, Emilye. A Little Taste of Freedom: The Black Freedom Struggle in Claiborne County, Mississippi. Chapel Hill: the University of North Carolina Press, 2005.

Hampton, Harry and Steve Fayer. Voices of Freedom: An Oral History of the Civil Rights Movement from the 1950s Through the 1980s. New York: Random House, 2011.

Hansberry, Lorraine. The Movement: Documentary of a Struggle for Equality. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1964.

Hogan, Wesley C. Many Minds, One Heart: SNCC’s Dream for a New America. Chapel Hill: the University of North Carolina Press, 2009.

Holsaert, Faith S., Martha Prescod Norman Noonan, Judy Richardson, Betty Garman Robinson, Jean Smith Young, and Dorothy M. Zellner, editors. Hands on the Freedom Plow: Personal Accounts by Women in SNCC. Champaign: University of Illinois Press, 2010.

Kotz, Nick. Judgment Days: Lyndon Baines Johnson, Martin Luther King Jr., and the Laws that Changed America. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 2005.

Lawson, Steven F. Black Ballots: Voting Rights in the South, 1944-1969. New York: Columbia University Press, 1976.

Mann, Robert. When Freedom Would Triumph: The Civil Rights Struggle in Congress, 1954-1968. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2007.

Marshall, James P. Student Activism and Civil Rights in Mississippi: Protest Politics and the Struggle for Racial Justice, 1960-1965. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2013.

Martinez, Elizabeth, editor. Letters from Mississippi: Reports from Civil Rights Volunteers and Freedom School Poetry of the 1964 Freedom Summer. Brookline: Zephyr Press, 2007.

McAdam, Doug. Freedom Summer. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990.

Mills, Kay. This Little Light of Mine: The Life of Fannie Lou Hammer (Civil Rights and the Struggle for Black Equality in the Twentieth Century). Lexington: the University Press of Kentucky, 2007.

Morris, Aldon D. The Origins of the Civil Rights Movement. New York: the Free Press, 1984.

Payne, Charles M. I’ve Got the Light of Freedom: The Organizing Tradition and the Mississippi Freedom Struggle. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2007.

Randall, Herbert. Faces of Freedom Summer. Tuscaloosa: the University of Alabama Press, 2001.

Ransby, Barbara. Ella Baker and the Black Freedom Movement: A Radical Democratic Vision. Chapel Hill: the University of North Carolina Press, 2003.

Roberts, Gene and Hank Klibanoff. The Race Beat: The Press, the Civil Rights Struggle, and the Awakening of a Nation. New York: Random House, 2006.

Skipper, John C. Showdown at the 1964 Democratic Convention: Lyndon Johnson, Mississippi and Civil Rights. Jefferson: McFarland, 2012.

Sugarman, Tracy. Stranger at the Gates: A Summer in Mississippi. New York: Hill and Wang, 1966.


My American Experience

My American Experience photos

Share Your Story

Whether in politics or popular culture, civil liberty or civil rights, 1964 saw a lot of change. What event or set of events do you think had the biggest impact on the year, on American society, or on America as we know it today?

  • Additional funding for this program was provided by

  • DIG: Robert & Marjie Kargman and the Brian A. McCarthy Foundation (Freedom Summer)
  • Arthur Vining Davis Foundations
  • NEH
  • Yawkey Foundation