Ulysses S. Grant: Warrior
AMERICAN EXPERIENCE presents a 90 minute film on Union General Ulysses S. Grant.

Appomattox Court House National Historical Park
Official National Park Service site with an expanded in depth section on the surrender at Appomattox.

Arlington House and Robert E. Lee Memorial
Arlington House was the home of Robert E. Lee and his family for 30 years.

Gettysburg Foundation 
A partnership with the National Park Service that enhances the preservation and understanding of the heritage and lasting significance of Gettysburg.

Library of Congress Webcast
A Portrait of Robert E. Lee Through His Private Letters

The Museum of the Confederacy
A collection of artifacts, manuscripts, and photographs from the Confederate States of America.

The Office of Robert E. Lee
Lee Chapel & Museum, Washington and Lee University.

Robert E. Lee Boyhood Home Virtual Museum
The Boyhood Home Of Robert ELee In Alexandria, VA., a description and a virtual tour.

Robert E. Lee Mexican War Maps, Virginia Military Institute
Collection details and online exhibit from the VMI Archives. 

Robert E. Lee Papers
From Special Collections at Washington and Lee University.

Robert E. Lee Timeline
"Today in Civil War History" offers a summary of Lee's battles during the war.

Stratford Hall
Home of the Lees of Virginia and Birthplace of Robert E. Lee.


Ayers, Edward L., In the Presence of Mine Enemies: The Civil War in the Heart of America, 1859-1863. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 2003.

Blight, David, Frederick Douglass’s Civil War: Keeping Faith in Jubilee. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1989.

Blount, Roy Jr., Robert E. Lee. Penguin Putnam: New York, 2003.

Carmichael, Peter S. (Ed.), Audacity Personified, the Generalship of Robert E. Lee. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2004.

Connelly, Thomas Lawrence. The Marble Man: Robert E. lee and His Image in American Society. New York: Louisiana State University Press, 1978.

Daniels, Jonathan, The Randolphs of Virginia: America’s Foremost Family. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1972.

DeButts, Robert E.L., Lee In Love: Courtship and Correspondence in Antebellum, Virginia. Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 115, No. 4., Richmond: Virginia Historical Society, 2007.

Fellman, Michael, The Making of Robert E. Lee. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000.

Freeman, Douglas Southall, R.E. Lee: A Biography (vols. I-IV). New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1935. 

Gallagher, Gary W. (Ed.), Fighting for the Confederacy, Personal Recollections of General Edward Porter Alexander. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1998.

Gallagher, Gary W., Lee and his Generals in War & Memory. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press 2004.

Gallagher, Gary W., Lee the Soldier. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1999.

Glatthaar, Joseph, General Lee’s Army. New York: Free Press, 2008.

Goodwin, Doris Kearns, Team of Rivals. New York: Simon & Schuster Paperbacks, 2006.

Lee, Robert E., Jr. (Ed.), Recollections and Letters. New York: Barnes & Nobles Books, 1904/2004.

McPherson, James W., Crossroads of Freedom: Antietam, The Battle That Changed the Course of the Civil War. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Nagel, Paul C., The Lees of Virginia. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990.

Nelligan, Murray, “The Building of Arlington House,” Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, 1951.

Pryor, Elizabeth Brown, Reading the Man, A Portrait of Robert E. Lee Through His Private Letters. New York: Viking, 2007.

Rhea, Gordon C., The Battle of the Wilderness, May 5-6, 1864. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2004.

Sears, Stephen W., Landscape Turned Red, Battle of Antietam. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2003.

Taylor, Walter H., Four Years With General Lee. Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, (reissue 1996).

Thomas, Emory M., Robert E. Lee, A Biography. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1997.

Tower, R. Lockwood (Ed.), Lee’s Adjutant: The Wartime Letters of Colonel Walter Herron Taylor, 1862-1865. Columbia, South Carolina: University of South Carolina Press, 1995.



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  • Additional funding for this program was provided by

  • Arthur Vining Davis Foundations
  • NEH