Abraham Lincoln
Mr. Lincoln's Virtual Library
Browse manuscripts and transcriptions of about 20,000 of Lincoln's documents. Special presentations highlight the Emancipation Proclamation and Lincoln's assassination, and feature timelines illustrated with images of original documents.

Abraham Lincoln Historical Digitization Project
Based at Northern Illinois University, this project collects a range of resources on Lincoln.

Teaching Abraham Lincoln
Lesson Plans by EdSITEment!, from the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Mary Todd Lincoln
Wet With Blood: The Investigation of Mary Todd Lincoln's Cloak
The Chicago Historical Society presents the bloody evidence of President Lincoln's assassination, including infrared photography of the cloak Mary Lincoln wore to Ford's Theater.

Mary Todd Lincoln
Browse an extensive bibliography on the site of the National First Ladies' Library.

Women's Rights
Discourse on Woman by Lucretia Mott (delivered December 17, 1849)
Library of Congress American Memory Collection
The Library of Congress includes this important speech in its selections from the National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection.

The Susan B. Anthony Center for Women's Leadership  
This site includes an extensive timeline of the struggle for women's suffrage.

Declaration of Sentiments, Seneca Falls Conference, 1848
The Internet Modern History Sourcebook at Fordham University includes the Declaration of Sentiments produced at the first meeting organized to address women's rights, convened by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott in 1848 in Seneca Falls, New York.

Rose O'Neal Greenhow Papers
The Duke University Special Collections Library houses the papers of this celebrated Confederate spy, featuring correspondence related to her espionage activities, several newspaper clippings about her imprisonment, and her obituary.

African Americans
New York Public Library  
The library's Schomberg Center for Research in Black Culture presents a collection of primary documents in this online exhibit, African American Writers of the Nineteenth Century.

Africans in America
The Web site of a PBS documentary presents a history of America's journey through slavery, including primary source materials, interviews with scholars, interactive maps, and photographs.

Uncle Tom's Cabin and American Culture
This multimedia archive presents Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabinin its context, along with primary documents including songs, advertisements, articles, illustrations and responses to the novel.The library's Schomberg Center for Research in Black Culture presents a collection of primary documents in this online exhibit, African American Writers of the Nineteenth Century.

The South
Documenting the American South
The Academic Affairs Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill sponsors this collection of Southern history, literature and culture from the colonial period through the first decades of the 20th century.

Civil War
American Civil War Homepage
The University of Tennessee at Knoxville hosts this extensive list of links to Civil War-related resources on the Web.

The Valley of the Shadow
This University of Virginia project examines two communities, one Northern and one Southern, through the experience of the American Civil War. The project is a hypermedia archive of thousands of sources for the period before, during, and after the Civil War for Augusta County, Virginia, and Franklin County, Pennsylvania.

Teaching the American Civil War
Lesson plans by EdSITEment!, from the National Endowment for the Humanities.

United States Historical Census Data Browser
Using data made available by the Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR) in Ann Arbor, Michigan, this site allows visitors to browse directly through the collected census data, including data from 1860, on population, number of slaves and slaveholders, manufacturing and land values, agriculture, churches, and other attributes.


Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln Association Papers. Springfield, IL: Abraham Lincoln Association, 1933.

Angle, Paul M. Here I Have Lived: A History of Lincoln's Springfield, 1821-1865. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1950.

Baringer, William E. Lincoln Day by Day, A Chronology. Washington: Lincoln Sesquicentennial Commission, vols. I-III. 1960.

Basler, Roy P., ed. Abraham Lincoln: His Speeches and Writings. Cleveland, OH: World Publishing Co., 1946.

----, ed. The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, vols. I-VIII. 1953.

Bates, David Homer. Lincoln in the Telegraph Office: Recollection of the United States Military Telegraph Corps During the Civil War. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1995.

Boritt, Gabor S. Lincoln and the Economics of the American Dream. Memphis, TN: Memphis State University Press, 1978.

----, ed. Of the People, By the People, For the People, and Other Quotations From Abraham Lincoln. New York: Columbia University Press, 1996.

Brooks, Noah. Washington in Lincoln's Time. New York: Rinehart & Co., Inc., 1958.

Burlingame, Michael. The Inner World of Abraham Lincoln. Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1994.

----, ed. An Oral History of Abraham Lincoln: John G. Nicolay's Interviews and Essays. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press, 1996.

Carpenter, F.B. The Inner Life of Abraham Lincoln. New York: Hurd and Houghton, 1866.

Charnwood, Lord. Abraham Lincoln. Garden City, NY: Garden City Publishing Co., Inc., 1917.

Chittenden, L.E. Recollections of President Lincoln and His Administration.New York: Harper & Brothers, 1891.

Cox, LaWanda. Lincoln and Black Freedom: A Study in Presidential Leadership. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 1981.

Current, Richard N. Lincoln and the First Shot. New York: J.B. Lippincott Co., 1963.

Dennett, Tyler, ed. Lincoln and the Civil War in the Diaries and Letters of John Hay. New York: Dodd, Mead & Co., 1939.

Donald, David Herbert. Lincoln. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1995.

----. Lincoln Reconsidered: Essays on the Civil War Era. New York: Vintage Books, 1989.

Franklin, John Hope. The Emancipation Proclamation. Garden City, NY: Doubleday & Co., 1963.

Fehrenbacher, Don E., ed. Abraham Lincoln, A Documentary Portrait Through His Speeches and Writings. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1964.

----, and Virginia Fehrenbacher, eds. Recollected Words of Abraham Lincoln.Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1996.

Freeman, Andrew A. Abraham Lincoln Goes to New York. New York: Coward-McCann, Inc., 1960.

Freidel, Frank, and Pencak, William, eds. The White House: The First Two Hundred Years. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1994.

Harper, Robert S. Lincoln and the Press. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co., 1951

Harris, William C. With Charity for All: Lincoln and the Restoration of the Union. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 1997.

Herndon, William H., and Jesse W. Weik. Herndon's Life of Lincoln.Cleveland, OH: World Publishing Company, 1949.

----. Herndon's Lincoln: The True Story of a Great Life. New York: Belford, Clarke & Co., 1889.

Holzer, Harold, ed. Dear Mr. Lincoln: Letters to the President. New York: Addison-Wesley Publishing Co., 1993.

Kunhardt, Dorothy Meserve, and Philip B. Kunhardt. Twenty Days. North Hollywood, CA: Newcastle Publishing Co., 1985.

Lair, John. Songs Lincoln Loved. Boston: Little, Brown and Co., 1954.

Lamon, Ward H. The Life of Abraham Lincoln: From His Birth to His Inauguration as President. Boston: James R. Osgood and Co., 1872.

Lee, Richard M. Mr. Lincoln's City: An Illustrated Guide to the Civil War Sites of Washington. McLean, VA: EPM Publications, Inc., 1981.

Lincoln, Abraham. The Poems of Abraham Lincoln. Bedford, MA: Applewood Books, 1991.

Long, David E. The Jewel of Liberty: Abraham Lincoln's Re-Election and the End of Slavery. Mechanicsburg, PA: 1994.

McPherson, James M. Abraham Lincoln and the Second American Revolution.New York: Oxford University Press, 1990.

Mearns, David C. The Lincoln Papers. Garden City, NY: Doubleday & Co., Inc., vols. I-II. 1948.

Neely, Mark E., Jr. The Abraham Lincoln Encyclopedia. New York: McGraw-Hill, Inc., 1982.

----. The Fate of Liberty: Abraham Lincoln and Civil Liberties. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.

----. Abraham Lincoln and the Promise of America: The Last Best Hope of Earth. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1995.

Nevins, Allan. The Emergence of Lincoln. Vols. I-II. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1950.

Oates, Stephen, B. With Malice Toward None: A Life of Abraham Lincoln.New York: HarperPerennial, 1994.

Paludan, Phillip Shaw. The Presidency of Abraham Lincoln. Lawrence, KS: University of Kansas Press, 1994.

Peterson, Merrill D. Lincoln in American Memory. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.

Randall, J.G. Lincoln the President. New York: Dodd, Mead & Co., 1953.

Sandburg, Carl. Abraham Lincoln, The Prairie Years. Vol. 2. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Company, 1926.

Shaw, Archer H., ed. The Lincoln Encyclopedia. New York: Macmillan Company, 1950.

Strozier, Charles B. Lincoln's Quest for Union: Public and Private Meaning.New York: Basic Books, Inc., 1982.

Tarbell, Ida. The Life of Abraham Lincoln. Vol. 2. New York: MacMillan Co., 1917.

Thomas, Benjamin, P. Lincoln's New Salem. Springfield, IL: Abraham Lincoln Association, 1934.

----. Abraham Lincoln, A Biography. New York: Barnes & Noble edition, 1993.

Tracy, Gilbert A. Uncollected Letters of Abraham Lincoln. New York: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1917.

Townsend, William H. Lincoln and His Wife's Hometown. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill Co., 1929.

Van Doren Stern, Philip., ed. The Life and Writings of Abraham Lincoln. New York: Random House, 1940.

Warren, Louis A. Lincoln's Youth: The Indiana Years, 1816-1830. Indianapolis: Indiana Historical Society, 1991.

Waugh, John C. Reelecting Lincoln: The Battle for the 1864 Presidency. New York: Crown Publishers, 1997.

Williams, T. Harry. Lincoln and His Generals. New York: Dorset Press, 1989.

Wills, Garry. Lincoln at Gettysburg: The Words That Remade America. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1992.

Wilson, Douglas L. Honor's Voice: The Transformation of Abraham Lincoln.New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1998.

----. Lincoln Before Washington: New Perspective on the Illinois Years.Chicago, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1997.

----, and Rodney O. Davis, eds. Herndon's Informants: Letters, Interviews, and Statements About Abraham Lincoln. Chicago, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1998.

Mary Todd Lincoln
Baker, Jean H. Mary Todd Lincoln, A Biography. New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1987.

Helm, Katherine. The True Story of Mary, Wife of Lincoln. New York: Harper & Brothers Publishers, 1928.

Keckley, Elizabeth. Behind the Scenes or Thirty Years a Slave, and Four Years in the White House. New York: Oxford University Press. 1988.

Neely, Mark E. Jr., and Gerald R. McMurtry. The Insanity File: The Case of Mary Todd Lincoln. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press, 1986.

Randall, Ruth Painter. Mary Lincoln, Biography of a Marriage. Boston: Little, Brown & Co. 1953.

Ross, Ishbel. The President's Wife: Mary Todd Lincoln, A Biography. New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1973.

Sandburg, Carl. Mary Lincoln, Wife and Widow. Bedford, MA: Applewood Books, 1932.

Turner, Linda Levitt, and Justin G. Turner. Mary Todd Lincoln: Her Life and Letters. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1972.

Barnet, Sylvan. William Shakespeare, the Tragedy of Macbeth. New York: Signet Classic, 1998.

Blackett, R.J.M. "'To Reach the People with Abolition Doctrines': The Antislavery Press and the American Civil War." AtlantaHistory: A Journal of Georgia and the South, Spring-Summer, 1998, Volume XLII, Numbers 1-2.

Bowman, John S., ed. The Civil War, Day by Day. New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 1993.

Burlingame, Michael, and John R. Turner Ettlinger, eds. Inside Lincoln's White House: The Complete Civil War Diary of John Hay. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press, 1997.

Current, Richard N. The Encyclopedia of the Confederacy. New York: Simon & Schuster MacMillan, 1993.

Donald, David Herbert. Lincoln's Herndon. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1948.

----, ed. Why the North Won the Civil War. New York: MacMillan Publishing Co., 1960.

Frassanito, William A. Gettysburg, A Journey in Time. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1975.

Friend, Craig Thompson, ed. The Buzzel About Kentuck: Settling the Promised Land. Lexington: University of Kentucky Press, 1999.

Goldsmith, Barbara. Other Powers: The Age of Suffrage, Spiritualism, and the Scandalous Victoria Woodhull. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1998.

Johannsen, Robert W., ed. The Lincoln-Douglas Debates of 1858. New York: Oxford University Press, 1968.

Johnson, Walter. Soul by Soul: Life Inside the Antebellum Slave Market.Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1999.

Kirk, Elise K. Musical Highlights From the White House. Malabar, FL: Krieger Publishing Co., 1992.

Leech, Margaret. Reveille in Washington, 1860-1865. New York: Time Incorporated, 1962.

Maynard, Nettie Colburn. Was Abraham Lincoln a Spiritualist? or Curious Revelations From the Life of a Trance Medium. Philadelphia: Rufus C. Hartranft, 1891.

McFeely, William S. Frederick Douglass. New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1991,

McPherson, James M. Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era. New York: Ballatine Books, 1988. ----. "'Spend Much Time in Reading the Daily Papers': The Press and Army Morale in the Civil War." AtlantaHistory: A Journal of Georgia and the South, Spring-Summer, 1998, Volume XLII, Numbers 1-2.

Nelson, Geoffrey K. Spiritualism and Society. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1969.

Nevins, Allan. The War for the Union. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, vols. I-III, 1959.

O'Shea, Richard. American Heritage: Battle Maps of the Civil War. Tulsa: Council Oaks Books, 1992.

Pfanz, Donald. The Petersburg Campaign: Abraham Lincoln at City Point, March 20-April 9, 1865. Lynchburg, VA: H.E. Howard, Inc., 1989.

Remini, Robert V. Henry Clay: Statesman for the Union. New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1991.

Russell, William Howard. My Diary, North and South. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1954.

Sears, Stephen W., ed. The Civil War Papers of George B. McClellan: Selected Correspondence, 1860-1865. New York: Ticknor & Fields, 1989.

Ward, Geoffrey. American Originals: The Private Worlds of Some Singular Men & Women. New York: HarperCollins Publishers, 1991.

----. The Civil War: An Illustrated History. New York: Alfred Knopf, 1997.

Welles, Gideon. Diary of Gideon Welles. Boston, 1911.

Wells, Damon. Stephen Douglas: The Last Years, 1857-1861. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1971,

Byrd, Cecil K., and Ward W. Moore, eds. Abraham Lincoln in Print and Photograph: A Picture History From the Lilly Library. Mineola, NY: Dover Publications, Inc., 1997.

Davis, William C., and Bell I. Wiley. The Photographic History of the Civil War: Vicksburg to Appomattox. New York: Black Dog & Leventhal Publishers, 1994.

----. The Photographic History of the Civil War: Fort Sumter to Gettysburg.New York: Black Dog & Leventhal Publishers, 1994.

Dennis, Ethel R. The Black People of America, Illustrated History. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co., 1970.

Foner, Eric, and Olivia Mahoney. A House Divided: America in the Age of Lincoln. New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1990.

Freedman, Russell. Lincoln, A Photobiography. New York: Clarion Books, 1987.

Freidel, Frank, and William Pencak, eds. The White House: The First Two Hundred Years. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1994.

Hamilton, Charles, and Lloyd Ostendorf. Lincoln in Photographs, An Album of Every Known Pose. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 1963.

Ketchum, Richard M., ed. The American Heritage Picture History of the Civil War. New York: American Heritage Publishing Co., Inc., 1960.

Kunhardt, Philip B. Jr., Philip B. Kunhardt III, and Peter W. Kunhardt. Lincoln, An Illustrated Biography. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1992.

Lorant, Stefan. Lincoln, A Picture Story of His Life. New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1969.

Mellon, James, ed. The Face of Lincoln. New York: Viking Press, 1979.

Meredith, Roy. Mr. Lincoln's Camera Man: Mathew B. Brady. New York: Dover Publications, Inc., 1974.

Neely, Mark E. Jr., and Harold Holzer. The Lincoln Family Album: Photographs From the Personal Collection of a Historic American Family. New York: Doubleday, 1990.

Nelson, Christopher. Mapping the Civil War: Featuring Rare Maps From the Library of Congress. Golden, CO: Fulcrum Publishing, 1992.

Ostendorf, Lloyd. Abraham Lincoln, the Boy and the Man. Springfield, IL: Phillip H. Wagner, 1962.

----. Lincoln's Photographs, A Complete Album. Dayton, OH: Rockywood Press, 1998.

----. The Photographs of Mary Todd Lincoln. Springfield, IL: Illinois Historic Preservation Agency, 1989.

Panzer, Mary. Mathew Brady and the Image of History. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1997.

The Photographic History of the Civil War. Secaucus, N.J.: Blue & Grey Press, vols. I-III. 1987.

Plowden, David, ed. Lincoln and His America, 1809-1865. New York: Viking Press, 1970.

Polley, Robert L. Lincoln: His Words and His World. Waukesha, WI: Country Beautiful Foundation, 1965.

Romaine, Paul W., and Sandra M. Trenholm. Abraham Lincoln in the Gilder Lehrman Collection: Transcripts of Selected Letters and Documents. New York: Gilder Lehrman Collection, 1996.

Rhodehamel, John H., and Thomas F. Schwartz. The Last Best Hope of Earth: Abraham Lincoln and the Promise of America. San Marino, CA: Huntington Library, 1993.

Roberts, Bobby, and Carl Moneyhon. Portraits of Conflict: A Photographic History of Mississippi in the Civil War. Fayetteville, University of Arkansas Press, 1993.

Schlesinger, Arthur M. Jr., ed. Running for President: The Candidates and Their Images, 1789-1896. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1994.

Shaw, Albert. Abraham Lincoln: His Path to the Presidency, A Cartoon History. New York: The Review of Reviews Corporation, 1929.

----. Abraham Lincoln: The Year of His Election. New York: Review of Reviews Corporation, 1929.

Wilson, Rockwell Rufus. Lincoln in Caricature. New York: Horizon Press, 1953.

Personal Accounts and Primary Sources

Beidelman, George Washington. The Civil War Letters of George Washington Beidelman. Edited by Catherine H. Vanderslice. New York : Vantage Press, 1978.

Buhle, Mari Jo and Paul Buhle, eds. The Concise History of Woman Suffrage: Selections from the Classic Work of Stanton, Anthony, Gage, and Harper.Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1978.

Child, Lydia Maria. An Appeal in Favor of that Class of Americans Called Africans. New York: John S. Taylor, 1836.

Cumming, Kate. Kate: The Journal of a Confederate Nurse. Edited by Richard Barksdale Harwell. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1998.

Fuller, S. Margaret. Woman in the Nineteenth Century. New York: Greeley & McElrath, 160 Nassau Street, 1845.

Slavery and Freedom
Douglass, Frederick. Life and Times of Frederick Douglass: His Early Life as a Slave, His Escape From Bondage, and His Complete History. New York: Collier Books, 1892.

Fitzhugh, George. Cannibals All! Or, Slaves Without Masters. Edited by C. Van Woodward. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1960.

Grayson, William John. The Hireling and the Slave. Charleston: John Russell, 1855.

Grimké, Angelina. Appeal to the Christian Women of the South. New York: New York Anti-Slavery Society, 1836.

Grimké, Sarah. Letters on the Equality of the Sexes and the Condition of Woman: Addressed to Mary S. Parker. Boston: Isaac Knapp, 1837.

Jacobs, Harriet A. Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl. Boston, 1851.

Johnson, William. interviewed in Drew, Benjamin, ed. The Refugee: A Northside View of Slavery (1846). Reprinted in Johnson, Walter. Soul by Soul: Life Inside the Antebellum Slave Market. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1999.

Jones, Thomas H. The Experience of Thomas H. Jones Who Was a Slave for Forty-Three Years. Worcester: H. J. Howland, 1857.

Loguen, J. W. from The Liberator, 1850's, reprinted in Nash, Gary B.American Odyssey: The United States in the 20th Century. New York: Glencoe McGraw Hill, 1992.

Mackay, Charles. Life and Liberty in America; or, Sketches of a tour in the United States and Canada, in 1857-8.New York: Harper & Brothers, 1859.

McKitrick, Eric L. Slavery Defended: The Views of the Old South. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall/Spectrum Books, 1963.

Ruchames, Louis, ed.. The Abolitionists: A Collection of their writings. New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1963.

Stewart, Maria. Maria W. Stewart, America's First Black Woman Political Writer. Edited by Marilyn Richardson. Indiana University Press, 1987.

Stewart, Maria W. Productions of Mrs. Maria W. Stewart presented to the First Africa Baptist Church & Society, of the City of Boston. Boston: Friends of Freedom and Virtue, 1835.

Stowe, Harriet Beecher. Uncle Tom's Cabin. New York: Thomas Y. Cromwell & Co., 1897.

Watkins, Samuel R. "Company Aytch", or, A side show of the big show and other Sketches. Edited and with an introduction by M. Thomas Inge. New York : Plume, c1999.

White, John. "Slave Record." 1851-1852. University of Missouri, Western Historical Collection, Elmer Ellis Memorial Library. Cited in Johnson, Walter.Soul by Soul: Life Inside the Antebellum Slave Market. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1999.

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